T3-Microcephaly Flashcards Preview

Pediatrics-MJ > T3-Microcephaly > Flashcards

Flashcards in T3-Microcephaly Deck (11):
1

Small skull due to lack of brian growth

Microcephaly

2

___ cm or less by 6 months of age= microcephaly

33 cm or less

3

Can a chromosomal abnormality cause microcephaly?

Yes, autosomal recessive disorder

4

Excessive radiation exposure during the ____ can cause microcephaly

4-2-th week of gestation

5

What kind of maternal infections can cause microcephaly?

-Rubella
-Toxoplasmosis

6

T/F: Maternal alcoholism cannot cause microcephaly

FALSE- it can!

7

__ trimester trauma, _____ disorders, and ____ can cause microcephaly

3rd trimester trauma

Metabloic disorders

Anoxia

8

Microcephaly signs in newborns?

-Cone skull shape
-Receeding forehead
-Flattened occiput

9

Explain about neurodysfugnction in microcephaly.

-Depends on degree of brain growth
-Various levels of MR
-Autistic behavior
-Complete unresponsiveness

10

Diagnostic evaluation: What chromosomal studies are done?

Maternal serum and amniotic fluids

11

Parental support in caring for a child with possible cognitive dysfuncton--WHen do we do this?

-During preg
-After delivery
-Throughout childs life (often have short life span)

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