T1-Erikson: Psychosocial Development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in T1-Erikson: Psychosocial Development Deck (31):

What are Eriksons theories for children?

He does the psychosocial theory

Birth-1 year: Trust vs. Mistrust

1-3 year (toddler): Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt

3-6 years (preschool): Initiative vs. Guilt

6-12 years (school age): Industry vs. inferiority

12-20 (adolescent): Identity vs Role confusion


Erik son believes that the ___ is the conscious core of personality and that a healthy ___ changes to meet the demands of society. A person will resolve the emotional crisis and meet the demands.

ego; ego


What is the major task for infancy (birth-1 year)?

Infant must develop a sense of trust in a primary caregiver and in the world around him


What happens if an infant doesn't gain trust?

Mistrust: child may be fearful, withdrawn, or hopeless


What are some things to do to help your infant build trust?

-Have a consistent caregiver
-Consistently respond to the infants needs
-Predictable environment
-"Mothering" or nurturing behaviors


What is Erikson's stage for toddlerhood (1 year-3 years)?

Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt


For autonomy vs. shame and doubt, what does the child need to feel? What is our role as parents?

Needs to feel control

We need to encourage and support independence but let there be control with consistent limits; child needs positive affirmations to aid in development of self-concept


Toddlers need challenging activities to ____ but not to cause _____.

Motivate; frequent failure


Toddlers may experience separation anxiety. What ages are known for having big separation anxiety problems?

7 months and again at 15 months


What age do temper tantrums come?



What is Erikson's stage for preschool (3-6)?

Initiative vs. Guilt


The preschooler begins to develop initiative to move away from the ____, try _____, and begins to ___

Move away from the parent
Try new things
Begin to plan


If preschoolers have guilt, what do they feel?

Lack of self confidence
Fear of wrongdoing


What is the initiative vs. guilt important in?

Important for developing self-concept


What are 4 big things that happen in the initiative vs. guilt stage?

-Begins to identify with same sex parent
-Has an active imagination
-More social
-Begins some control of feelings and behaviors


What is Erikson's stage for school age children (6-12)

Industry vs. Inferiority


What happens in the industry vs. inferiority stage?

The child begins to learn tasks required for being and adult member of society

Begin to create and develop a sense of competence and perseverance


What if industry is not achieved?

Inferiority happens, which is a lack of success in school, physical endeavors, and making friends


What is important in the industry vs. inferiority stage? and why?

Developing a peer group; important for self-concept


What is Erikson's stage for adolescents?

Identity vs. Role confusion


In the identity vs. role confusion stage, the adolescent determines their role in life, ideology, and place in society. They begin to _____

Actualize their abilities


In the identity vs. role confusion, what happens if they experience confusion?

There is an inability to determine career goals or roles


For identity vs. role confusion why are peer groups important?

For development of identity

*peer groups for school age children are important for self-concept


What is a serious concern for the adolescent group?



The crucial element for the achievement of this task (trust vs. mistrust) is the quality of both the relationship between the _____ and ____ and the ___ the infant receives

The quality of both the relationship between the PARENT and CHILD and the CARE the infant receives


Trust vs. Mistrust: Is the provision of food, warmth, and shelter by itself adequate for the development of a strong sense of self? Why or why not?

No, the infant and parent must JOINTLY learn to satisfactorily meet their needs for mutual regulation of frustration to occur


What happens when the infant and parent don't satisfactorily meet needs?



Trust vs. Mistrust: When is frustration heightened in a parent?

When the parent is emotionally immature and does not understand the infant's behavioral cues because of his or her own self-centered phase of immature


Failure to learn delayed ______ leads to mistrust.



What are ways mistrust occurs?

1. Too much frustration
2. Too little frustration
3. Parent meets children's needs before the children signal their readiness--infants will never learn to test their ability to control the environment
4. Prolonged delay in meeting the needs


What is essential for gaining the trust of an infant?

Maintain consistency

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