Flashcards in T1-School age Deck (40):
What is the age for school age children?
What is Erikson's stage for school age?
Industry vs. inferiority
What do school age children start to see?
School age children take ____ in doing well
Is weight gain slow or rapid with school age?
What should vision be for school age?
What is perfected during the school ages?
Muscle skills and coordination
School age children have a sense of ____ and if they are successful, they will work hard to achieve a goal
Girls generally gain ____ per year. When is the major weight gain seen in girls?
When do boys gain weight?
When do school age children experience a growth spurt?
Right before puberty
How do the arms of school age children look?
Long and lanky
What is the most important factor for developing high self esteem?
What becomes an important concept for school age children?
How tall is a 6 year old? weight?
How tall is a 12 year old? weight?
Do school age children sleep well?
Tend not to sleep well
What are some school age reactions to separation?
1. Miss routines and usual activities of school and friends
-Feel lonely, bored, isolated or depressed
-Need want parent guidance but don't ask for it due to independence
What is enuresis? What age? When does this occur?
Involuntary passage of urine past the age when a child should be expected to have attained bladder control
OCcurs 5-7 years, more frequently in boys
Usually is nocturnal, but can be diurnal (day and night both)
What is encopresis?
Constipation so severe, that there is involuntary release of stool..sometimes diarrhea when the body can not longer contain the stool
Child must be at least 4 to be diagnosed with this
When does onset of psychological changes begin?
9 years old, particularly in girls
Is visible sex maturation common in boys?
No, its minimal
Bladder capacity is greater in boys or girls?
What is Freud's stage of psychosexual development for school age?
What is Piaget's stage of cognitive development in school age children?
Concrete operations---children are able to use their thought processes to experience events and actions
If a child masters Piagets' stage of concrete operations, what happens?
-Preceptual thinking to conceptual thinking
-Master concept of conservation
-Classifies more complex info
-Able to see perspectives of others
What is Eriksons' stage for school age? What should children be taught about this?
Industry vs. Inferiorty
Not everyne will master every skill
What does the school age child focuses mainly on developing?
Fine muscle facility and complex artistic skills
What are parenting concerns for this age?
-Being rejected by their child in preference to peer groups
-Explaining sex to their children
Discuss Piaget's concept of conservation.
The physical matter does not appear and disappear by magic--children learn certain properties of the environment are not changed simply by altering their disposition in space
What is the order conservation is understood?
Conservation of mass is understood first, followed by weight, and then volume
What is the moral reasoning of the early school age child? (4)
Do not understand reasoning behind rules and expectations for behavior
Believe what they think is wrong and what others tell them is right
Judgement is guided by rewards and punishment
Sometimes interpret accidents as punishment
What is the moral reasoning of the later school age child?
-Able to judge intentions of an act rather than its consequences
-Understand different points of view instead of just whether or not an act is wrong or right
-Conceptualizes treating others as they like to be treated
What are the major fears of school age children?
Fear of failing
Fear of teachers and bullies
Fear something bad is happening to their parents
What is the role of peers in a school age childs life? Who is the primary influence?
Identification with peers is a strong influence of gaining independence from parents
Parents are primary influence
What is the importance of team play?
1. Contributes to childrens social, intellectual, and skill growth
2. Children work hard to develop the skills needed to become members of team and to improve their contribution to group effort.
3. Help learn about nature of competition
4. Learn to subordinate personal goals to group goals
What is the importance of rules and rituals?
1. Begin to see need for rules and that games have rules
2. Part of the enjoyment of the game is knowing the rules, because knowing means belonging
Do sleep needs decrease or increase for school age? How many hours needed?
Decrease--9 hours needed
If a school age child doesnt want to go to bed, what do we do?
Firm approach--give advance warning of bedtime but they need to realize when you say bedtime, you mean it