T1-Growth and Development Flashcards Preview

Pediatrics-MJ > T1-Growth and Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in T1-Growth and Development Deck (50):
1

What is the technical age for an infant?

1 month-12 months

*a neonate is birth-1 month

2

What is the technical age for a toddler?

1-3 years

3

What is the technical age for a preschooler?

3-6 years

4

What is the technical age for school age children?

6-12 years

5

What is the technical age for adolescents?

12-20

6

Infancy: Birth-1 year

What is Erikson's theory?
Freud?
Piaget?

Erikson: Trust vs. Mistrust
Freud: Oral
Piaget: Sensorimotor (birth-2 years)

7

Toddler: 1-3 years

What is Erikson's theory?
Freud?
Piaget?
Kohlberg?

Erikson: Autonomy vs. Shame and doubt
Freud: Anal
Piaget: Sensorimotor (1-2 years) & Pre-operational (2-4 years)
Kohlberg: Preconventional

8

Preschool: 3-6

What is Erikson's theory?
Freud?
Piaget?
Kohlberg?

Erikson: Initiative vs. Guilt
Freud: Phallic
Piaget: Preoperational
Kohlberg: Preconventional

9

School age: 6-12

What is Erikson's theory?
Freud?
Piaget?
Kohlberg?

Erikson: Industry vs. Inferiority
Freud: Latency
Piaget: Concrete operations
Kohlberg: Conventional

10

Adolescence: 12-20

What is Erikson's theory?
Freud?
Piaget?
Kohlberg?

Erikson: Identity vs. Role Confusion
Freud: Genital
Piaget: Formal Operations (11-15 years)
Kohlberg: Post-conventional

11

The quantitative changes in physical size of the body and its parts

Growth

12

The process of becoming fully grown and developed. It involves both the physiological and behavioral aspects of an individual

Maturation

13

Behavioral changes in functional abilities and skills

Development

14

Patterned, orderly, lifelong changes in structure, thought, or behavior that evolve a a result of maturation of physical and mental capacity, experiences, and learning resulting in a new level of maturity and integraton

Another definition for DEVELOPMENT

15

The time of the most rapid growth or development in a particular stage of the life cycle

Critical period

16

Return to a less sophisticated pattern of behavior as a defense against anxiety

Regression

17

How is muscular development achieved in children?

Cephalocaudal and proximodistal

18

Development proceeds from general to ___

Specific

19

In normal cephalocaudal growth, the child gains control of the ____ before the ____.

Head and neck before the trunk and limbs

20

In normal proximodistal growth, the child controls ___ movements before ____.

Arm movements before hand movements

Ex: A child reaches for an object before being able to grasp it

21

Children gain control of their ___ before their fingers; that is, they can hold things with the entire hand before they can pick something up with just their fingers

Hands then fingers

22

Infants. How much should they weigh at 6 months? 12 months?

6 months: double birth weight
12 months: triple birth weight

23

How much should toddlers weight by 2?

4x their birth weight

24

How much weight do preschoolers gain per year?

~4.4-6.6 lbs--average about 5 lbs per year

25

How much do school-aged children gain annually?

4.4-6.6 lbs yearly

26

Where do functions develop first: ones closer to the midline or the distal ones?

Those closer to the midline

27

T/F: Development occurs from complex to simple.

FALSE. It occurs from SIMPLE to COMPLEX

28

What is the most significant, reliable means of assessing developmental status?

Behavior!

29

Growth responsibility that arises at a certain time in the course of development

Growth task

30

What does successful achievement of the growth task lead to?

Satisfaction and success with later tasks

31

What does failure of the growth task lead to?

Difficulty with later tasks

32

Physiological growth of an individual is influenced primarily by interaction of genetic predisposition, the CNS, endocrine system, and maturation

Physiological dimension

33

Consists of subjective feelings and interpersonal relationships (ex. bonding)

Theorists here?

Psychosocial dimension

Freud and Erikson

34

A view of one's self, including body image, self-esteem, and ideal self

Self-concept

35

The intellecutal process of knowing which includes perception, memory, and judgement

Theorist?

Cognitive dimension

Piaget

36

A person's value system that helps in differentiating right and wrong

Theorists?

Moral dimension

Kohlberg

37

The ability to independently decide fro one's self what is "right"

Moral maturity

38

When is the prenatal period?

Conception-birth

39

What is the neonatal period?

First 28 days

40

What is performed immediately after delivery?

A complete exam

41

What is the infancy period? What does nursing care focus on?

first month-first year

Safety, preventing infection, teaching parents about incorporating the child into the family

42

When is the toddler period?

1-3 years

Begins when the child is about to walk alone, ending at around 3

43

What do toddlers like to play with?

Push/pull toys

44

Nutritional needs change as growth rate slows and caloric needs ____ from infancy to toddlerhood.

Decrease

45

What is the preschool age?

3 years-6 years

46

What are the leading cause of death in young children?

Accidents

47

What is the school-age child age? When do many accidents occur for this age group?

6-12

during play

48

What is the developmental stage from 10-12

Preadolescent

49

What is the age for adolescent? What is important with this age group?

13-20 years old; use of a nonjudgemental attitude

50

What are the 3 major causes of adolescent death?

Accidents
Homicide
Suicide

Decks in Pediatrics-MJ Class (61):