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Flashcards in Test 5 Exam Deck (47)
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31

3. Exhaustion stage

Physical & psychosocial resources are depleted
Often leads to burnout

32

Hypothalamic- Pituitary- Adrenal Axis (HPA)

Circuit that responds to perceived stress by initiating the release of cortisol
Hypothalamus tells pituitary gland to release cortisol from adrenal glands
Boosts energy, starts slower but last longer

33

Sympathetic adrenal - medullary system (SAm)

Circuit that responds to perceived stress by initiating the release of adrenaline (epinephrine/norepinephrine)
Adrenaline gets released from adrenal glands in lower back
This travels to brain stimulating fight-or-flight response in nervous system
Short lived, fast, then burns out

34

What is the risk of chronic stress?

Produces long-term exposure to cortisol (the stress hormone)
Contribute to reduced hippocampal volume, therefore producing memory problems
Also can produce abnormal sleep patterns, depression & neuronal damage & death

35

What is so negative about Type a personalities?

Super competitive & hostile, always under a lot of stress
Makes someone vulnerable to heart issues!
Stress prevents blood vessels from expanding when they need to
Leads to increased heart rate & blood pressure

36

Problem- focused coping

Response designed to address specific problems by finding solutions
Altering the environment causing the stress

37

Problem - focused coping (positive version)

You fail a test so you decide to start going to tutoring every week

38

Problem - focused coping (negative version)

You fail a test so you decide to stop going to class

39

Emotion - focused coping

Response designed to target negative emotions arising from situation

40

Emotion- focused coping (positive version)

You fail a test & feel upset so you go running to blow off some steam

41

Emotion - focused coping (negative version)

You fail a test & feel upset, so you drink an entire bottle of wine to numb the pain

42

Locus of control

The extent to which individuals believe they can or can not control events affecting them

43

Locus of control (external)

Attribute everything to outside world
Someone has no control over events in their life

44

Locus of control (internal)

Attribute everything to themselves
Someone has total control over everything that happens to them

45

Goal of positive psychology

Emphasizes normal behavior & human strengths
Created by Martin seligman
3 stages : present life, good life, meaningful life

46

Flow

State characterized by complete absorption in a current activity, such as work, problem solving, or creativity

47

Psychiatrist

A medical doctor who specializes in psychiatry & can use medical procedures to treat psychological disorders, MD
Can prescribe medicine