The Hip: Function & Injuries Flashcards Preview

Medicine, Year 2, Block 12 (Neurological, Neuromuscular, and MSK Diseases) > The Hip: Function & Injuries > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Hip: Function & Injuries Deck (19):
1

What are the positions of the greater and lesser trochanters of the Femur?

Greater trochanter = superior / lateral

Lesser trochander = Inferior / medial

2

The acetabulum is formed by the fusion of what three bones?

Ischium
Ilium
Pubis

3

Damage to which artery causes Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral head?

Medial circumflex femoral artery

4

Describe the arterial supply to the femoral head

Via the medial & lateral circumflex femoral arteries

Which are branches of profunda femoris artery

Which is a branch of the femoral artery

5

What are the three ligaments which support the hip?

Iliofemoral
Pubofemoral
Ischiofemoral

6

What is Shenton's Line?

An imaginary curved line drawn along inferior border of superior pubic ramus and along inferomedial border of neck of femor

7

What would an interrupted Sheton's Line suggest?

Hip fracture

8

Where does the Psoas major originate from?

Vertebral column

9

Where does the Iliacus muscle originate from?

Iliac fossa on interior side of hip bone

10

Where do both the Psoas Major and Iliacus muscle insert onto?

Lesser trochanter of femur

11

What are some clinical features of a Neck of Femur Fracture?

Shortened limb
External rotation of limb

12

What nerve supplies the Gluteus Maximus?

Inferior Gluteal Nerve

13

What nerve supplies the Gluteus Medius?

Superior Gluteal Nerve

14

What nerve supplies the Gluteus Minimus?

Superior Gluteal Nerve

15

Where does the Gluteus Maximus attach onto? (two sites)

25% attaches onto Gluteal Tuberosity of Femur

75% attaches onto Iliotibial Band

16

What is the function of the Gluteus Maximus?

Extension and Lateral Rotation

17

What are the three hip abductor muscles?

Gluteus medius
Gluteus minimus
Tensor fascia lata

18

What could be one cause of the Trendelenburg gait?

Superior Gluteal Nerve Lesion

19

The Sciatic nerve divides into what two branches?

Common fibular nerve
Tibial nerve