Flashcards in 18 - The Urinary System Deck (43):
A small vessel that conveys blood to the glomerulus
The tubule opening of the nephron where water and solutes empty from the bloodstream
Inlet on the renal pelvis where urine is collected from the renal pyramids
Twisted segments of the nephrons on either side of the loop of Henle. The proximal convoluted tubule is the first segment of the nephron; the distal convoluted tubule is the last segment of the nephron.
A small vessel that conveys blood away from the glomerulus
A measurement of the kidney's ability to filter and and remove waste products from the blood
Glomerular filtration rate
A network of capillaries inside the Bowman capsule involved in filtering blood
The curved area of the kidney where the renal artery, renal vein, and ureters enter or leave the kidney
One of the two large, bean-shaped organs that are the main filters of blood
The U-shaped part of a nephron
The Loop of Henle
The small filtering unit in the kidney made up of blood vessels and tubules; it is the working unit of the kidney.
A projection that has small openings through which urine drains out of the nephron
A vessel arising from the efferent arteriole that runs alongside and around the renal tubules and drains into the renal venous system
Fibrous connective tissue surrounding the kidneys
The center of the kidney, where the renal pyramids are located
The extension of the ureters inside the kidney that collects urine from the calyces and sends it down the ureters
A triangular area in the kidney that contains nephrons
One of two tubes that transport urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder
The tube that transports urine from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
The sac that holds urine before it is expelled from the body; urination occurs when the bladder contracts.
The liquid waste excreted from the kidneys
A sudden decline of renal function
Acute renal failure
An excess amount of nitrogenous waste products in the blood
A gradual decline in renal function
Chronic renal failure
An inflammation of the urinary bladder
A protrusion of the urinary bladder into the vaginal canal, resulting in incontinence
A mechanical filtering of the blood done as a treatment for kidney failure
Incontinence, including bed-wetting
An inflammation of the capillary loops in the nephrons; an autoimmune disease.
The presence of ketones, a metabolism that can create a life-threatening condition. In a diabetic subject it indicates an absence of insulin.
A nonsurgical blasting of kidney stones with sound waves to break them up
An inflammation of the nephrons of the kidney
An inflammation caused by an excess amount of proteins in the urine, resulting in edema
Frequent night-time urination
A rare genetic condition in which the kidneys contain many cysts, resulting in chronic kidney failure usually in late middle age
Polycystic kidney disease
An inflammation of the kidney caused by a bacterial infection
A kidney stone
A narrowing of any of the renal tubes
An inflammation of the urethra
An inability to urinate or failure to empty the bladder totally; bladder pressure being unable to overcome urethral resistance. It can caused by a weak bladder wall or urethral obstruction.
An inflammation of any of the structures of the urinary system
Urinary tract infection (UTI)