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Flashcards in 12 - Cranial System Deck (26):
0

A branch of medicine based on the premise that the body is a vital organism capable of healing itself when conditions are optimum and correct nutrition is followed.

Osteopathy

1

The rhythm rise and fall of the cranial sacral fluid.

Cranialsacral rhythm

2

The three-layered membrane system structure of the craniosacral system.

Meninges

3

Tissues where the cerebrospinal fluid is produced.

Ventricles

4

The innermost layer of the meninges.

Pia mater

5

The middle layer of meninges.

Arachnoid

6

The outermost layer of meninges.

Dura mater

7

The outer layer of the dura mater.

Periosteal layer

8

The inner layer of the dura mater.

Meningeal layer

9

Axons of parasympathetic preganglionic neurons extending from the brain in four cranial nerves.

Cranial parasympathetic outflow

10

Axons of parasympathetic preganglionic neurons extending from the brain in the anterior roots of the second through the fourth sacral nerves.

Sacral parasympathetic outflow

11

Cerebral fluid contains __________

Glucose and protein

12

The cranialsacral system includes:

A. Nerves that control the parasympathetic division of the ANS
B. Only the nerves that go the head
C. Nerves located in the thoracic area
D. None of the above

A. Nerves that control the parasympathetic division of the ANS.

13

The membrane that covers the brain and spinal cord has _____ layers.

3

14

Dura mater means:

A. Dead mother
B. Big mother
C. Tough mother
D. Small mother

C. Tough mother

15

The craniosacral nerves are involved in _______

A. The secretion of bile
B. Relaxing sphincter muscles
C. The erection of the sex organs
D. All of the above

D. All of the above

16

The arachnoid is made of ______

A. Tendons and ligaments
B. Collagen and elastic fibers
C. Enzymes and protein
D. Hyaline cartilage

B. Collagen and elastic fibers

17

Craniosacral rhythm refers to:

A. The time it takes for a nerve impulse to travel from the head to the sacrum
B. The time in between each breath
C. The rise and fall of the cerebrospinal fluid
D. The movement of gas through the bowels

C. The rise and fall of the cerebrospinal fluid

18

The pia mater is the ______ dural membrane.

A. Outer
B. Inner
C. Middle
D. None of the above

B. Inner

19

The subdural space contains:

A. Lymph
B. Interstitial fluid
C. Blood
D. Nitrogenous waste

B. interstitial fluid

20

The epidural space is between the _______

A. Dura mater and the pia mater
B. Dura mater and the wall of the vertebral canal
C. Brain and the subdural space
D. Dura mater and the occipital ridge

B. Dura mater and the wall of the vertebral canal

21

According to Upledger's theory, craniosacral is approximately _____ beats per minute.

6-8

22

Holding an area with both hands and allowing the tissue to move on its own is known as _____

A. Effleurage
B. Rolfing
C. Myofascial
D. Proprioneurmuscular facilitation

C. Myofascial unwinding

23

The _____ is known as the soft spot on the skull of infants.

Fontanel

24

The system controlling the flight-or-flight response.

Sympathetic nervous system

25

Cerebrospinal fluid is produced in the _____

Choroid plexus