24 - Massage and Bodywork Techniques Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 24 - Massage and Bodywork Techniques Deck (29):
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The client is positioned specifically to isolate a muscle, joint, or tendon to effect a release

Positional release technique

1

A technique in which the massage therapist will locate trigger points by palpation and then assist the client in positioning his or her body to lessen pain and reduce muscle strain.

Strain - counterstrain technique

2

When the massage therapist gives the same resistance so that the joint does not move

Isometric contraction

3

A technique in which the massage therapist gives partial resistance to effect a concentric or eccentric contraction

Isometric contraction

4

A contraction in which the origin and the insertion come together, causing joint movement

Concentric contraction

5

A contraction in which the origin and insertion separate, or lengthen, causing joint movement

Eccentric contraction

6

A reflex occurring after an isometric contraction of a muscle

Postisometric relaxation

7

What is accomplished by the massage therapist when manually squeezing the origin and insertion together

Approximation

8

An active-assisted technique in which a muscle is stretched into resistance and then held for 10 seconds, followed by the client holding an isometric contraction for 5 seconds, and repeating the process several times.

PNF (proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation)

9

Bouncing during stretching; should never be used.

Ballistic stretching

10

An active technique in which the client stretches a muscle and then contracts the antagonist muscle

Reciprocal inhibition stretching

11

When the muscle is stretched to the point of resistance

Static stretching

12

A stretch in which the client does nothing; the therapist holds the stretch until release is felt

Passive static stretch

13

When the client contracts the muscle that is stretched into resistance

Active static stretch

14

A technique of applying pressure with the hands, feet, elbows and so on, along specific meridian points

Acupressure

15

The application of water in any of its forms: hot, cold, steam, ice

Hydrotherapy

16

What is produced by the application of water that varies from normal temperature

Thermal effects

17

When water is taken by mouth or used to irrigate a body cavity (which is outside the scope of massage therapy)

Chemical effects

18

What is produced by the impact of water against the body, such as during a whirlpool bath

Mechanical effects

19

When water pressure is exerted on the body surface, increasing venous and lymph flow from the periphery and increasing urine output

Hydrostatic effect

20

Use of ice in therapy

Cryotherapy

21

A multiple-head shower that disperses water ranging from a fine mist to a forcefully directed stream

Vichy shower

22

Extremely forceful hot water that is normally directed along the spine to relax muscles and relieve tension

Scotch douche

23

Long, gliding strokes in the direction of the heart. The main purposes are to get the client used to the therapist's touch, to warm the tissue before doing any deep work, to relax and stretch the muscles, and to increase circulation; also used as a transitional stroke.

Effleurage

24

Kneading strokes; picking up the tissue , kneading, rolling and lifting. The main purposes are to loosen adhesions, stretch and loosen the muscles and the fascia, strengthen muscle tone and increase circulation.

Pettrissage

25

Pressure aimed at moving superficial tissue across deep tissue. Different forms are: circular, transverse, pumping or compression. The main purposes are to loosen adhesions and scar tissue, loosen the fascia, promote flexibility, and improve circulation.

Friction

26

Percussion strokes; consists of slapping, pounding, tapping, hacking, cupping and pinching. Main purposes are: stimulation, and circulation.

Tapotement

27

Shaking or trembling movements.

Vibration

28

A feather stroke

Nerve stroke