Flashcards in 24 - Massage and Bodywork Techniques Deck (29):
The client is positioned specifically to isolate a muscle, joint, or tendon to effect a release
Positional release technique
A technique in which the massage therapist will locate trigger points by palpation and then assist the client in positioning his or her body to lessen pain and reduce muscle strain.
Strain - counterstrain technique
When the massage therapist gives the same resistance so that the joint does not move
A technique in which the massage therapist gives partial resistance to effect a concentric or eccentric contraction
A contraction in which the origin and the insertion come together, causing joint movement
A contraction in which the origin and insertion separate, or lengthen, causing joint movement
A reflex occurring after an isometric contraction of a muscle
What is accomplished by the massage therapist when manually squeezing the origin and insertion together
An active-assisted technique in which a muscle is stretched into resistance and then held for 10 seconds, followed by the client holding an isometric contraction for 5 seconds, and repeating the process several times.
PNF (proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation)
Bouncing during stretching; should never be used.
An active technique in which the client stretches a muscle and then contracts the antagonist muscle
Reciprocal inhibition stretching
When the muscle is stretched to the point of resistance
A stretch in which the client does nothing; the therapist holds the stretch until release is felt
Passive static stretch
When the client contracts the muscle that is stretched into resistance
Active static stretch
A technique of applying pressure with the hands, feet, elbows and so on, along specific meridian points
The application of water in any of its forms: hot, cold, steam, ice
What is produced by the application of water that varies from normal temperature
When water is taken by mouth or used to irrigate a body cavity (which is outside the scope of massage therapy)
What is produced by the impact of water against the body, such as during a whirlpool bath
When water pressure is exerted on the body surface, increasing venous and lymph flow from the periphery and increasing urine output
Use of ice in therapy
A multiple-head shower that disperses water ranging from a fine mist to a forcefully directed stream
Extremely forceful hot water that is normally directed along the spine to relax muscles and relieve tension
Long, gliding strokes in the direction of the heart. The main purposes are to get the client used to the therapist's touch, to warm the tissue before doing any deep work, to relax and stretch the muscles, and to increase circulation; also used as a transitional stroke.
Kneading strokes; picking up the tissue , kneading, rolling and lifting. The main purposes are to loosen adhesions, stretch and loosen the muscles and the fascia, strengthen muscle tone and increase circulation.
Pressure aimed at moving superficial tissue across deep tissue. Different forms are: circular, transverse, pumping or compression. The main purposes are to loosen adhesions and scar tissue, loosen the fascia, promote flexibility, and improve circulation.
Percussion strokes; consists of slapping, pounding, tapping, hacking, cupping and pinching. Main purposes are: stimulation, and circulation.
Shaking or trembling movements.