11 - Brain and Spinal Cord Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 11 - Brain and Spinal Cord Deck (109)
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1

It is estimated that the human brain contains ____ neurons.

Approximately 100 billion

2

Intelligence, reasoning and emotion are facilitated in the ____ area of the brain.

Association

3

What area of the brain interpets speech?

Wernicke

4

There are ___ pairs of nerves arising from the spinal cord.

31

5

The meniges include

Spinal and cranial meninges

6

Past sensory experiences are stored in the ______

Somatosensory association area

7

The part of the brain associated with long-term memory is the ______

Hippocampus

8

Melatonin and serotonin are produced in the _____

Pineal gland

9

The protective layer that keeps most substances from penetrating through to the brain from the blood is the _____

BBB

10

The long tubules extending from the arachnoid and pia mater that act as one-way valves for the cerebrospinal fluid are the ______

Arachnoid villi

11

Respiratory functions are regulated in the _____

Cerebellum

12

The CIA stands for _____

Common intergrative area

13

The spinal cord extends ______

From the medulla oblongata to the second lumbar vertebra

14

The ____ controls higher intelligence and reasoning.

Cerebrum

15

The ___ is a small, almond-shaped structure.

Amygdala

16

What are the four main parts of the brain?

Brain stem
Cerebellum
Diencephalon
Cerebrum

17

Which part of the brain consists of the medulla oblongata, the midbrain, and the pons?

Brain stem

18

What part of the brain relays information about sensation and motion and houses the thalamus, the hypothalamus, the subthalamus, and the epithalamus?

Diencephalon

19

What area of the brain includes the primary visual, auditory, gustatory and olfactory areas?

Sensory area

20

The primary somatosensory area is located in which brain lobe?

Parietal

21

Which area of the brain receives impulses that convey visual information and processes it into the images we see?

Visual area

22

What area of the brain receives impulses that help us interpret sound?

Auditory area

23

What area of the brain receives information for taste.

Gustatory area

24

What part of the brain receives information for the sense of smell?

Olfactory area

25

Which lobe of the brain contains the auditory and receptive areas?

Temporal lobe

26

Which lobe of the brain is the site of visual interpretation?

Occipital lobe

27

What lobe is the primary motor area located?

Frontal lobe

28

The outer portion of the brain where thought processes take place.

Cerebral cortex

29

What association area interprets and integrates sensory information that comes into the body.

Somatosensory association area

30

What association area of the brain interprets speech through the recognition of spoken words?

Wernicke area