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Flashcards in 9 - Muscular System Deck (88)
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1

The point where muscle attaches to the moving bone is referred to as the _____

Insertion

2

The connective tissue that binds muscles together is the ______

Fascia

3

Lack of oxygen to the muscle causes _____

Ischemia

4

RICE is the acronym for _____

Rest, ice, compression, elevation

5

The fleshy part of a muscle is the _____

Belly

6

A progressive loss of muscle fibers without any nervous system involvement is caused by _____

Muscular Dystrophy

7

A progressive weakening of the muscle caused by degenerating neurons is ______

Muscular atrophy

8

The study of the muscular system is called _____

Myology

9

The condition in which the tendon sheath is inflamed is called _____

Tenosynovitis

10

The number of muscles in the human body is ____

630

11

____ is a condition also known as wry neck.

Torticollis

12

The only one of the following conditions that could be caused by poisoning would be:
a. Poliomyelitis
b. Anterior compartment syndrome
c. Myositis ossificans
d. Acquired toxic myopathy

Acquired toxic myopathy

13

____ means pear-shaped.

Piriformis

14

Spreading your fingers is an example of _____

Abduction

15

The rotator cuff muscles include ____

Teres minor, subscapularis, supraspinatus, and infraspinatus

16

The study of the muscular system.

Myology

17

Muscles also called striated (striped) are referred to as voluntary muscles because they enable conscious movements.

Skeletal muscles

18

Non striated (striped) muscles that contract involuntarily; they line various internal organs and blood vessels.

Smooth muscles

19

Muscle found only in the heart and is striated (striped) but also contracts involuntarily.

Cardiac muscle

20

The point where the muscle attaches to the stationary bone. It is usually closest to the trunk of the body, or proximal.

Origin

21

The mid-portion of the muscle, or fleshy part between the insertion and origin.

Belly

22

The prime mover that is the main muscle that contracts to perform an action.

Agonist

23

The opposing muscle that stretches and yields to the actions of the agonist.

Antagonist

24

Another term for connective tissue.

Fascia

25

What fascia keeps the muscles separated from the skin?

Superficial fascia

26

Which fascia holds in body temperature and serves as muscle protection.

Adipose fascia

27

Which fascia lines the body walls and related muscles together in addition to carrying blood and lymph vessels?

Deep fascia

28

The outer layer of the muscle that covers the whole muscle.

Epimysium

29

The center layer of the muscle that surrounds muscle fibers that are separated into groups of fascicles.

Perimysium

30

Muscle fibers that are separated into groups of 10 to more than 100.

Fascicles