3 - Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3 - Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology Deck (117)
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1

The study of the structures of the body

Anatomy

2

The study of the functions of the body

Physiology

3

The microscopic study of the structure of cells

Cytology

4

The study of tissue

Histology

5

The study of the structure from egg to adult form

Developmental Anatomy

6

The study of the structures from the time of fertilization through the eighth week of gestation

Embryology

7

The basic unit of life

Cell

8

Cephalad means

Towards the head

9

Antibodies are molecules of ___ involved in the immune response of the body

Proteins

10

Etiology is the study of ______

The cause and origin of disease

11

The condition characterized by swelling, heat, redness, and pain is known as _____

Inflammation

12

In the Western anatomical position, the human body is _____

Standing erect, facing forward, arms at side, palms facing forward.

13

The pericaridal cavity is located within the _____

Thoracic cavity

14

The study of the tissues of the body is referred to as _______

Histology

15

A short, severe episode is referred to as _____

Acute

16

The ability of an organism to cause disease is referred to as ______

Virulence

17

The human body is an ______

Organism

18

The increase in symptoms or severity of a condition is a(n)______

Exacerbation

19

The ____ plane divides the body into upper and lower sections.

Transverse

20

The disease of unknown origin is referred to as _____

Idiopathic

21

Structures that can be studied without the aid of a microscope.

Gross anatomy

22

Study of changes in structures caused by disease.

Pathological anatomy

23

Study of a specific region in the body, such as the head or lower extremities.

Regional anatomy

24

Study of the body through x-rays.

Radiographic anatomy

25

Study of the body through observation and palpation.

Surface anatomy

26

Study of specific body systems.

Systemic anatomy

27

The study of nerves.

Neurophysiology

28

The study of cell function.

Cell physiology

29

The study of the acute responses and long-term adaptions of the body to physical activity or exercise.

Exercise physiology

30

The study of movement.

Kinesiology