Flashcards in 17 - The Digestive System Deck (85)
The process of absorbing substances into cells or across tissues.
Another term for the GI tract (digestive tract)
The terminal opening of the GI tract
The first section of the large intestine, beginning in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen and ending in the upper right quandrant at the transverse colon.
A yellow-green liquid substance secreted by the liver that aids in the absorption of fats; stored in the gall bladder.
Food that has been acted upon by digestive enzymes but has not yet passed into the small intestine.
A duct that transports bile from the liver and gall bladder to the duodenum.
Common bile duct
The duct that connects the common bile duct to the gall bladder.
The fourth segment of the large intestine that connects the transverse colon to the sigmoid colon.
The first segment of the small intestine connecting the pelorus and the jejunum.
The segment of the digestive tract between the pharynx and the stomach.
A ring of striated muscle fibers surrounding the anal opening.
External anal sphincter
The bottom of any hollow organ, such as the stomach.
The organ that stores the bile that is produced in the liver; involved in the absorption of fats.
The liquid secretions of the stomach.
The gums of the mouth.
Part of the peritoneum, the sac that covers most of the intestines.
The entryway to the colon from the small intestine.
The last segment of the small intestine connecting with the large intestine.
The ring of smooth muscle surrounding the internal part of the anal opening.
Internal anal sphincter
The segment of the small intestine connecting the duodenum to the ileum.
The digestive organ that forms and transports waste matter from the rest of the GI tract.
Part of the peritoneum that connects the stomach and liver.
A digestive organ in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen that plays a major role in metabolism, digestion, and elimination.
The process of chewing food.
The membrane that connects the intestine to the abdominal wall.
The fold of the peritoneum that is attached to the colon.
The mucous membrane lining the GI tract
The muscular inner coating of the GI tract.