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Flashcards in 17 - The Digestive System Deck (85)
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The process of absorbing substances into cells or across tissues.

Absorption

1

Another term for the GI tract (digestive tract)

Alimentary canal

2

The terminal opening of the GI tract

Anus

3

The first section of the large intestine, beginning in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen and ending in the upper right quandrant at the transverse colon.

Ascending colon

4

A yellow-green liquid substance secreted by the liver that aids in the absorption of fats; stored in the gall bladder.

Bile

5

Food that has been acted upon by digestive enzymes but has not yet passed into the small intestine.

Chyme

6

A duct that transports bile from the liver and gall bladder to the duodenum.

Common bile duct

7

The duct that connects the common bile duct to the gall bladder.

Cystic duct

8

The fourth segment of the large intestine that connects the transverse colon to the sigmoid colon.

Descending colon

9

The first segment of the small intestine connecting the pelorus and the jejunum.

Duodenum

10

The segment of the digestive tract between the pharynx and the stomach.

Esophagus

11

A ring of striated muscle fibers surrounding the anal opening.

External anal sphincter

12

The bottom of any hollow organ, such as the stomach.

Fundus

13

The organ that stores the bile that is produced in the liver; involved in the absorption of fats.

Gallbladder

14

The liquid secretions of the stomach.

Gastric juice

15

The gums of the mouth.

Gingivae

16

Part of the peritoneum, the sac that covers most of the intestines.

Greater omentum

17

The entryway to the colon from the small intestine.

Ileocecal valve

18

The last segment of the small intestine connecting with the large intestine.

Ileum

19

The ring of smooth muscle surrounding the internal part of the anal opening.

Internal anal sphincter

20

The segment of the small intestine connecting the duodenum to the ileum.

Jejunum

21

The digestive organ that forms and transports waste matter from the rest of the GI tract.

Large intestine

22

Part of the peritoneum that connects the stomach and liver.

Lower omentum

23

A digestive organ in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen that plays a major role in metabolism, digestion, and elimination.

Liver

24

The process of chewing food.

Mastication

25

The membrane that connects the intestine to the abdominal wall.

Mesentery

26

The fold of the peritoneum that is attached to the colon.

Mesocolon

27

The mucous membrane lining the GI tract

Mucosa

28

The muscular inner coating of the GI tract.

Muscularis

29

A small organ that lies behind the stomach and secretes powerful digestive enzymes into the small bowel as well as the hormones that regulate blood sugar (insulin and glucagon).

Pancreas