19 - The Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

National Exam > 19 - The Reproductive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in 19 - The Reproductive System Deck (82)
Loading flashcards...
0

The serous fluid within the placenta that cushions the baby from injury; important to fetal development.

Amniotic fluid

1

A circle of dark-colored skin around the nipple

Areola

2

A chromosome that is not a sex chromosome

Autosome

3

The female mammary glands, which produce milk

Breasts

4

A genetic structure of the cell that carries the DNA

Chromosome

5

A small mass of erect tissue at the entrance to the vagina.

Clitoris

6

A cell containing all the genetic material

Diploid cell

7

The expulsion of semen

Ejaculation

8

The lining of the uterus that is expelled during the menstrual period and grows back each cycle

Endometrium

9

Tubes that transport egg cells from the ovaries to the womb

Fallopian tubes

10

Egg cells and sperm cells

Gametes

11

The ovaries in females, the testes in males

Gonads

12

The outer pair of lips of the vulva, the external female genitals

Labia majora

13

The inner pair of lips of the vulva, the external female genitals

Labia minora

14

The milk-producing glands in females; the breasts

Mammary glands

15

A type of cell division that occurs in two successive divisions that results in haploid cells

Meiosis

16

The onset of menustration

Menarche

17

The gradual decline and ultimate cessation of the menstrual cycle

Menopause

18

The reproductive cycle, characterized by the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus

Menstrual cycle

19

A smooth muscle of the uterus

Myometrium

20

Two small, bean-shaped female gonads where eggs are developed and released

Ovaries

21

An egg cell

Ovum

22

A thin fluid coating of the uterus

Perimetrium

23

A special tissue within the uterus that houses the baby and amniotic fluid during pregnancy; it joins the mother to her fetus and provides the fetus with oxygen, water, and nutrients from the mother's blood and secretes the hormones necessary for a successful pregnancy.

Placenta

24

A gland in males surrounding the neck of the urinary bladder and urethra that aids in the manufacture of semen

Prostrate gland

25

A sac that houses the testicles

Scrotum

26

The fluid released during ejaculation that contains sperm and secretions from the prostrate gland and seminal vesicles

Semen

27

A pair of structures located near the urinary bladder and prostrate gland that manufacture seminal fluid

Seminal vesicles

28

The male reproductive cells or sex cell

Sperm

29

A group of arteries, veins, lymph vessels, nerves and the duct called the vas deferens that passes through the inguinal canal to the testes.

Spermatic cord