19 - The Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 19 - The Reproductive System Deck (82):
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The serous fluid within the placenta that cushions the baby from injury; important to fetal development.

Amniotic fluid

1

A circle of dark-colored skin around the nipple

Areola

2

A chromosome that is not a sex chromosome

Autosome

3

The female mammary glands, which produce milk

Breasts

4

A genetic structure of the cell that carries the DNA

Chromosome

5

A small mass of erect tissue at the entrance to the vagina.

Clitoris

6

A cell containing all the genetic material

Diploid cell

7

The expulsion of semen

Ejaculation

8

The lining of the uterus that is expelled during the menstrual period and grows back each cycle

Endometrium

9

Tubes that transport egg cells from the ovaries to the womb

Fallopian tubes

10

Egg cells and sperm cells

Gametes

11

The ovaries in females, the testes in males

Gonads

12

The outer pair of lips of the vulva, the external female genitals

Labia majora

13

The inner pair of lips of the vulva, the external female genitals

Labia minora

14

The milk-producing glands in females; the breasts

Mammary glands

15

A type of cell division that occurs in two successive divisions that results in haploid cells

Meiosis

16

The onset of menustration

Menarche

17

The gradual decline and ultimate cessation of the menstrual cycle

Menopause

18

The reproductive cycle, characterized by the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus

Menstrual cycle

19

A smooth muscle of the uterus

Myometrium

20

Two small, bean-shaped female gonads where eggs are developed and released

Ovaries

21

An egg cell

Ovum

22

A thin fluid coating of the uterus

Perimetrium

23

A special tissue within the uterus that houses the baby and amniotic fluid during pregnancy; it joins the mother to her fetus and provides the fetus with oxygen, water, and nutrients from the mother's blood and secretes the hormones necessary for a successful pregnancy.

Placenta

24

A gland in males surrounding the neck of the urinary bladder and urethra that aids in the manufacture of semen

Prostrate gland

25

A sac that houses the testicles

Scrotum

26

The fluid released during ejaculation that contains sperm and secretions from the prostrate gland and seminal vesicles

Semen

27

A pair of structures located near the urinary bladder and prostrate gland that manufacture seminal fluid

Seminal vesicles

28

The male reproductive cells or sex cell

Sperm

29

A group of arteries, veins, lymph vessels, nerves and the duct called the vas deferens that passes through the inguinal canal to the testes.

Spermatic cord

30

A testicle; the male gonad

Testis

31

The female womb

Uterus

32

The female sex organ; also the birth canal

Vagina

33

The visible external female genitalia, including the mons pubis, labia, clitoris, vaginal orifice, vestibule glands.

Vulva

34

Premature separation of the placenta; life-threatening to the fetus

Abruptio placentae

35

A disease that is epidemic in prevalence, caused by the human immunodeficiency virus

AIDS

36

The abnormal discontinuation of the menstrual cycle.

Amenorrhea

37

A cyst in the vestibular gland

Bartholin cyst

38

A noncancerous enlargement of the prostrate gland

Benign prostrate hypertrophy (BPH)

39

Small parasitic insects that cause a red rash; their eggs stick to hair shafts and cause itching

Body lice

40

The uncontrolled growth of abnormal breast tissue

Breast cancer

41

A general term for any lump in the breast - tumor, cyst, or abscess; can be benign or malignant

Breast lump

42

A superficial fungal infection caused by Candida albicans that usually involves the skin, mucous membranes, respiratory tract, or vagina

Candidiasis

43

The removal or destruction of the testes

Castration

44

Cancer at the neck of the uterus

Cervical cancer

45

The most common bacterial sexually transmitted disease

Chlamydia

46

A lingering or recurrent inflammation of the cervix

Chronic cervicitis

47

The surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis

Circumcision

48

The failure of one or both of the testes to descend

Cryptorchism

49

Difficulty with menses accompanied by pain

Dysmenorrhea

50

The abnormal growth of the fetus somewhere other uterus, usually in the Fallopian tubes

Ectopic pregnancy

51

The abnormal growth of tissue resembling the lining of the uterus in places other than the uterus, including the Fallopian tubes and pelvic cavity.

Endometriosis

52

A chronic disorder of forming abnormal fibrous tissue in the breasts

Fibrocystic breast disease

53

A nonmalignant tumor of smooth muscle in the uterus

Fibroid

54

A bacterial inflammation of the vagina that usually occurs in children and in women who have not had any sexual contact

Gardnerella vaginalis

55

A sexually transmitted disease caused by a herpes virus, characterized by painful outbreaks of lesions on the external genitals

Genital herpes

56

Warts that thrive on the moist skin of the sex organs, caused by the human papilloma virus

Genital warts

57

A sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria and characterized by pus discharge and painful urination

Gonorrhea

58

The condition of one individual having sex organs characteristic of both male and female

Hermaphroditism

59

A birth defect in which the urethra opens at the bottom surface of the penis

Hypospadias

60

Surgical removal of the uterus

Hysterectomy

61

The inability to obtain or maintain an erection

Impotence

62

The inability to sexually reproduce

Infertility

63

A white, sticky discharge from the vagina

Leukorrhea

64

An inflammation of a testicle

Orchitis

65

A malignant tumor of the ovary

Ovarian cancer

66

An inflammatory condition of the pelvis cavity that is secondary to another disease

Pelvia inflammatory disease (PID)

67

A condition in which the foreskin cannot be drawn back over the penis

Phimosis

68

A condition in which the placenta covers the opening to the birth canal

Placenta previa

69

A combination of physical discomfort and mental and emotional upset that normally occurs between ovulation and the onset of menstruation

Premenstrual syndrom (PMS)

70

A malignant tumor of the prostrate gland

Prostrate cancer

71

Any dysfunction affecting the prostrate gland

Prostrate disorder

72

A total removal of the breast, surrounding tissue and lymph nodes in response to breast cancer

Radical mastectomy

73

An inflammation of the fallopian tubes

Salpingitis

74

A serious sexually transmitted disease caused by spirochete (a bacterium)

Syphilis

75

A malignancy in the testicles

Testicular cancer

76

A serious bloodborne bacterial infection that if allowed to progress can result in kidney failure or shock

Toxic shock syndrome

77

An inflammation of the vagina caused by the protozoan Trichomonas vaginitis

Trichomoniasis

78

A malignancy of the uterus

Uterine cancer

79

Any malfunction of the uterus

Uterine disorder

80

An inflammation of the vagina usually accompanied by burning, itching, and foul-smelling discharge

Vaginitis

81

Another term for candidiasis

Yeast vaginitis