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Flashcards in 25 - Modalities Deck (50)
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Process of movement re-education to identify and rid the body of faulty postures by replacing habit with conscious movement. Developed by Frederick Matthias Alexander.

Alexander technique

1

Traditional Asian massage; uses no oil, involves stretching, squeezing, and massaging to stimulate the body to become and/or remain healthy; focuses on improving muscle condition and the circulation of ki. It combines bodywork along the meridians with nutrition, detoxification, herbal therapy and exercise.

Amma

2

The use of muscle testing strengths and weaknesses or imbalances in the body. Developed by George Goodhart; popularized by Dr. John Thie.

Applied kinesiology

3

The use of essential oils to restore and to heal

Aromatherapy

4

A form of massage in which the barefoot therapist stands on the table, using overhead bars for leverage and then using the feet to perform deep compression and effleurage strokes.

Ashiatsu bar therapy

5

A combination of deep tissue and other massage combined with movement education. Developed by Judith Aston.

Aston patterning

6

Part of the total Ayurvedic philosophy of health and medicine; techniques that focus on detoxification and restoration of health.

Ayurvedic massage

7

The use of dermatomes (areas of innervation) of connective tissue to identify problems; based on the theory that imbalance anywhere in the body is imbalance in the total body.

Bindegewebsmassage

8

A combination of breathing, exercise, and phsychotherapy aimed at releasing past traumas that are stored in the tissues. Developed by Alexander Lowen.

Bioenergetics

9

A specific series of rolling moves across superficial muscles, tendons, and nerves to stimulate the parasympathetic nervous system into reorganizing areas holding tension or strain.

Bowen therapy

10

A light technique of dragging and pulling the skin to release the superficial fascia

Connective tissue massage

11

A technique that focuses on releasing blockages in the flow of the craniosacral fluid and releasing emotional trauma. Upledger, Milne, and Sutherland are known for their techniques.

Craniosacral massage

12

Deep pressure massage applied with fingers, thumbs, elbows, etc to release deeper tissues

Deep tissue massage

13

A body/mind/spirit modality consisting of very light Swedish massage aimed at inducing deep states of relaxation

Esalen

14

A process of unlearning restrictive movement habits and replacing them with efficient, graceful movement.

Feldenkrais

15

A type of bodywork consisting of 11 sessions of structural work combined with vocal work aimed at bringing consciousness to posture and movement.

Hellerwork

16

Massage performed with heated stones placed and/or rubbed on the body

Hot stone massage

17

The use of water in any of its forms for relaxation or rehabilitation: ice, heat, whirlpool baths, wet or dry saunas.

Hydrotherapy

18

The study of muscle movement. Also refers to several different modalities of muscle testing to restore health and balance to the body.

Kinesiology

19

Massage grounded in Hawaiian spiritual tradition; many different techniques exist but all are performed in a rhythmic dance usually accompanied by ceremonial music and incorporating ceremonial ritual. Auntie Margaret is regarded as the modern authority, which is said to be 5000 years old.

Lomi-Lomi

20

Massage of the lymph nodes and lymph system. Developed by Dr. Hans Vodder.

Lymphatic drainage massage

21

Bodywork performed for the purpose of injury repair and rehabilitation from pathological conditions

Medical massage

22

The movement part of Trager work, involving the conscious initiation if movement on the part of the client and then allowing the muscle to go to its natural place.

Mentastics

23

Any method directed at treating restrictions or adhesions in the fascia and muscles

Myofascial release

24

Trigger point therapy that includes re-education of the muscle. Developed by Bonnie Prudden.

Myotherapy

25

A technique directed at returning the body to a state of structural balance; also referred to as trigger point therapy. Developed in Europe by Leif and Chaitow, popularized in America by Paul St. John and Janet Travell.

Neuromuscular therapy (NMT)

26

Gentle work to release deep tension and restore structural balance; the client is placed in the most comfortable position that alleviates pain, and the therapist works to find the problem from that standpoint.

Orthobionomy

27

Movement and exercise aimed at lengthening and strengthening muscles.

Pilates

28

Based on the principle that every cell has both negative and positive poles, the gentle touch to manipulate the tissue and restore balance; a body/mind/spirit integrative approach.

Polarity

29

A body/mind/spirit modality that incorporates breath work, deep fascial work, and emotional work to restore structural balance to the body.

Postural integration