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Flashcards in 25 - Modalities Deck (50):
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Process of movement re-education to identify and rid the body of faulty postures by replacing habit with conscious movement. Developed by Frederick Matthias Alexander.

Alexander technique

1

Traditional Asian massage; uses no oil, involves stretching, squeezing, and massaging to stimulate the body to become and/or remain healthy; focuses on improving muscle condition and the circulation of ki. It combines bodywork along the meridians with nutrition, detoxification, herbal therapy and exercise.

Amma

2

The use of muscle testing strengths and weaknesses or imbalances in the body. Developed by George Goodhart; popularized by Dr. John Thie.

Applied kinesiology

3

The use of essential oils to restore and to heal

Aromatherapy

4

A form of massage in which the barefoot therapist stands on the table, using overhead bars for leverage and then using the feet to perform deep compression and effleurage strokes.

Ashiatsu bar therapy

5

A combination of deep tissue and other massage combined with movement education. Developed by Judith Aston.

Aston patterning

6

Part of the total Ayurvedic philosophy of health and medicine; techniques that focus on detoxification and restoration of health.

Ayurvedic massage

7

The use of dermatomes (areas of innervation) of connective tissue to identify problems; based on the theory that imbalance anywhere in the body is imbalance in the total body.

Bindegewebsmassage

8

A combination of breathing, exercise, and phsychotherapy aimed at releasing past traumas that are stored in the tissues. Developed by Alexander Lowen.

Bioenergetics

9

A specific series of rolling moves across superficial muscles, tendons, and nerves to stimulate the parasympathetic nervous system into reorganizing areas holding tension or strain.

Bowen therapy

10

A light technique of dragging and pulling the skin to release the superficial fascia

Connective tissue massage

11

A technique that focuses on releasing blockages in the flow of the craniosacral fluid and releasing emotional trauma. Upledger, Milne, and Sutherland are known for their techniques.

Craniosacral massage

12

Deep pressure massage applied with fingers, thumbs, elbows, etc to release deeper tissues

Deep tissue massage

13

A body/mind/spirit modality consisting of very light Swedish massage aimed at inducing deep states of relaxation

Esalen

14

A process of unlearning restrictive movement habits and replacing them with efficient, graceful movement.

Feldenkrais

15

A type of bodywork consisting of 11 sessions of structural work combined with vocal work aimed at bringing consciousness to posture and movement.

Hellerwork

16

Massage performed with heated stones placed and/or rubbed on the body

Hot stone massage

17

The use of water in any of its forms for relaxation or rehabilitation: ice, heat, whirlpool baths, wet or dry saunas.

Hydrotherapy

18

The study of muscle movement. Also refers to several different modalities of muscle testing to restore health and balance to the body.

Kinesiology

19

Massage grounded in Hawaiian spiritual tradition; many different techniques exist but all are performed in a rhythmic dance usually accompanied by ceremonial music and incorporating ceremonial ritual. Auntie Margaret is regarded as the modern authority, which is said to be 5000 years old.

Lomi-Lomi

20

Massage of the lymph nodes and lymph system. Developed by Dr. Hans Vodder.

Lymphatic drainage massage

21

Bodywork performed for the purpose of injury repair and rehabilitation from pathological conditions

Medical massage

22

The movement part of Trager work, involving the conscious initiation if movement on the part of the client and then allowing the muscle to go to its natural place.

Mentastics

23

Any method directed at treating restrictions or adhesions in the fascia and muscles

Myofascial release

24

Trigger point therapy that includes re-education of the muscle. Developed by Bonnie Prudden.

Myotherapy

25

A technique directed at returning the body to a state of structural balance; also referred to as trigger point therapy. Developed in Europe by Leif and Chaitow, popularized in America by Paul St. John and Janet Travell.

Neuromuscular therapy (NMT)

26

Gentle work to release deep tension and restore structural balance; the client is placed in the most comfortable position that alleviates pain, and the therapist works to find the problem from that standpoint.

Orthobionomy

27

Movement and exercise aimed at lengthening and strengthening muscles.

Pilates

28

Based on the principle that every cell has both negative and positive poles, the gentle touch to manipulate the tissue and restore balance; a body/mind/spirit integrative approach.

Polarity

29

A body/mind/spirit modality that incorporates breath work, deep fascial work, and emotional work to restore structural balance to the body.

Postural integration

30

A technique during which a muscle is stretched to resistance and held for 10 seconds, followed by the client contracting the muscle for 5 seconds.

Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF)

31

Treating the reflex points found on the hands, feet, and ears that correspond to internal tissues and organs.

Reflexology

32

A method in which the practitioner channels universal energy directed at the healing of the client.

Reiki

33

Deep structural realignment that takes place over the course of 10 sessions.

Rolfing

34

Breathing and relaxation techniques accompanied by rebalancing alignment and increasing flexibility using nonintrusive touching, verbal interaction, and breathing.

Rosen method

35

A body/mind/spirit approach combining psychotherapy with movements, postures, talk therapy, dreamwork and other techniques.

Rubenfield

36

A form of Japanese acupressure traditionally performed with the client fully clothed on a mat on the floor.

A sports massage technique aimed at breaking up scar tissue and stretching the muscles. Developed by Stuart Taws.

37

A body/mind/spirit modality that combines bodywork and psychotherapy.

Soma

38

The massage of athletes, with attention to their special needs and contraindications

Sports massage

39

Also referred to as Rolfing; deep structural realignment that takes place over the course of 10 sessions.

Structural integration

40

Therapeutic massage focused mainly on relaxation. Charles Fayette and George Henry Taylor are credited with bringing it to the US.

Swedish massage

41

Work performed on the floor that consists of many assisted yoga-like positionings of the body, along with gentle rocking and stretching.

Thai massage

42

Hydrotherapy using heated seawater

Thalassotherapy

43

Energy work focused on balancing the body's aura through gentle above-the-body manipulations of the energy field. Developed by Dolores Krieger and Dora Kunz.

Therapeutic touch

44

A form of applied kinesiology using muscle testing to determine weaknesses in structure. Treatment is to strengthen the weakness and/or release tightness in the opposing side by performing balances on the meridians. Developed by John Thie, DC.

Touch For Health

45

Gentle rocking and other nonintrusive movements to facilitate the release of deep physical and emotional restrictions. The hook-up, a natural state of being similar to a meditative state, is used to connect the practitioner with the energy of the client.

Trager

46

A technique directed at returning the body to a state of structural balance; also referred to as neuromuscular therapy. Developed in Europe by Leif and Chaitow, popularized in America by Paul St. John and Janet Travell.

Trigger Point therapy

47

Gentle soft tissue massage of the internal organs to release adhesions

Visceral manipulation

48

Shiatsu performed in a warm pool of water

Watsu

49

Treatments performed with the client fully clothed and in a seated position, progressing to a reclining position; focuses on integrating the physical body with energetic body. Developed by Fritz Smith.

Zero balancing