7 - Integumentary System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 7 - Integumentary System Deck (78):
1

Which condition could be caused by consuming too much carotene?

Orange-tinted appearance of the skin

2

The study of the skin and its pathology is called ____

Dermatology

3

The sebaceous glands form ______

Oil

4

The skin aids in the synthesis of _____

Vitamin D

5

Which structure forms prespiration?

Sudiferous glands

6

The ____ is the most superficial layer of skin.

Epidermis

7

_____ is caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood.

Cyanosis

8

A pigment produced in the skin that gives skin color is ______

Melanin

9

Candida Albicans is a _______

Fungus

10

Skin that has hardened is ________

Scleroderma

11

Tactile cells are also known as ______

Merkel cells

12

______ makes the skin waterproof.

Keratin

13

A ___ is a large blister.

Bulla

14

Goose bumps are caused by the ______

Arrector pilli

15

____ is a contagious condition and a contraindication.
a. Rosacea
b. Alopecia
c. Scabies
d. Seborrheic Keratosis

Scabies

16

Hair and nails; also known as dermal appendages.

Accessory structures

17

A type of gland that develops along the hair follicles and starts secreting at the onset of puberty. It produces odorless sweat, which supports the growth of bacteria; bacteria in sweat create body odor.

Apocrine sweat gland

18

The precursor to vitamin A.

Carotene

19

A protein in connective tissue that gives the skin strength and flexibility.

Collagen

20

An inflammation of the skin.

Dermatitis

21

A disorder of the skin involving lesions or eruptions, in which there is usually no inflammation.

Dermatosis

22

The deeper connective tissue layer of the skin; the thick skin.

Dermis

23

A gland in the skin that extracts material from blood to form excretions.

Duct gland

24

A coiled tubular gland found all over the body that produces sweat directly onto the skin.

Eccrine sweat gland

25

A protein in connective tissue that gives skin it's elastic properties.

Elastin

26

A peripheral end of a sensory nerve with filaments that end freely in the tissue

Free nerve ending

27

A tube-shaped depression in the dermis; extends to the hypodermis and gives rise to keratinized epidermal cells, or hair.

Hair follicle

28

A protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen.

Hemoglobin

29

The deepest (or subcutaneous) layer of the skin; includes areole and adipose tissue

Hypodermis

30

A type of nerve terminal found in the skin, the mouth, and eyelids; sensitive to cold.

Krause end bulb

31

A type of white blood cell found in the epidermis that helps protect the body from invading bacteria and/or viruses.

Langerhans cell

32

A small, oval sensory body found in the papillae of the skin.

Meissner corpuscle

33

A small, oval body found in the terminating ends of some of the tiny branches of sensory nerves of the skin.

Pacinian corpuscle

34

A sensory organ found in the subcutaneous connective tissue of the fingers.

Ruffini ending

35

A layer of the epidermis.

Stratum

36

What waterproofs the skin?

Lamellar granules

37

Another term for hypodermis.

Subcutaneous layer

38

The fat layer of the hypodermis.

Adipose tissue

39

A flat, small, discolored area of the skin (e.g., a freckle).

Macule

40

An elevated , firm, circular area, such as a wart or mole.

Papule

41

A small, pus-filled lesion or bump on the skin surface.

Pustule

42

A small, rounded nodule, lesion, or prominence attached to bone, mucous membrane, or skin.

Tubercle

43

An abnormal mass of tissue that results from excessive cell division; can be benign or malignant.

Tumor

44

A small fluid-filled blister.

Vesicle

45

The scab that forms on a healing wound.

Crust

46

A crack in the skin, such as chapped lips or chapped hands.

Fissure

47

An accumulation of epidermal flakes, such as dandruff.

Scale

48

Fibrous tissue that replaces normal skin after injury.

Scar

49

An open lesion on the skin usually extending to the dermis, the layer below the skin; usually associated with redness, serious moisture, and irritation until scabbing occurs.

Ulcer

50

An itchy, swollen lesion that goes away after a few hours.

Wheal

51

A yellow discoloration that may be related to blood diseases, inflammation of the liver, or a blockage in the bile duct.

Jaundice

52

A paleness of the skin most often caused by a lack of circulation.

Pallor or blanching

53

A darkening of the skin that is caused by Addison disease.

Bronzing

54

Another term for bruising.

Hematoma

55

A disease of the sebaceous glands that can also involve the hair follicles, is characterized by inflammatory lesions, such as papules and pustules, as well as noninflammatory lesions, such as blackheads and whiteheads.

Acne

56

An absence of body hair where hair usually exists.

Alopecia

57

A benign tumor in the skin that is made of distended blood vessels or lymph vessels that usually are irregularly shaped.

Angioma

58

The most common form skin cancer; a malignant growth most often found on fair-skinned people, usually on the face or on other areas exposed to the sun.

Basal cell carcinoma

59

A small mass of hardened fat and cellular debris that appears most frequently on the face and upper body; an open comedone.

Blackhead

60

A thickened area of the keratin layer of the epidermis that results from repeated friction or pressure.

Callus

61

An acute bacterial infection of the deep subcutaneous tissue characterized by redness and swelling; may affect whole muscle.

Cellulitis

62

An infected sore or blister occurring on the lips or mouth, caused by the herpes simplex virus.

Cold sore

63

A lesion characterized as open or closed.

Comedone

64

A keratinized horny layer in the epidermis of the foot.

Corn

65

A superficial fungal infection of the skin, hair, or nails; sometimes refers to ringworm or athlete's foot.

Dermatophytosis

66

Also known as a boil, a growth that results from a staph infection in a hair follicle or sweat gland.

Furuncle

67

Small parasites that adhere to the skin and cause an itchy, red rash.

Lice

68

A benign clump of fat cells.

Lipoma

69

A malignant tumor arising from the deep, pigment-producing cells of the skin; the leading cause of death related to skin lesions. It is irregularly shaped and varies in color.

Malignant melanoma

70

A benign pigmented skin lesion.

Mole

71

An ulcer of the neural tissue.

Neurotrophic ulcer

72

Referring to the fold of skin surrounding the nails.

Periungual

73

Extreme itching.

Pruritus

74

A chronic skin disorder of the face caused by inflammation of the cheeks, nose, forehead and eyelids.

Rosacea

75

A benign lesion caused by excessive growth of the top layer of skin

Seborrheic keratosis

76

A harmless polyp-like growth of epidermis and fibrous tissue growing outward.

Skin tag

77

A general term that refers to a ringworm or similar fungal infections; also called dermatophytosis.

Tinea

78

A skin condition characterized by the appearance of irregular white patches, resulting from the loss of pigment-producing cells.

Vitiligo