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Flashcards in 8 - Skeletal System Deck (131)
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1

The human body has ____ bones.

206

2

The ____ is an example of a long bone.

Femur

3

The hyoid is what type of bone?

Irregularly shaped bone

4

The joint where two bones meet.

Articulation

5

Immovable joints are classified as _____

Synarthrotic

6

An example of a freely movable joint.

Hip

7

The ____ functions as a fulcrum.

Joint

8

The most plentiful levers in the body are _____

Third class

9

A meatus is ______

A canal

10

The coronal and sagittal sutures meet at the _____

Fontanel

11

Bone marrow produces ____ red blood cells every minute.

2,000,000

12

The end of a long bone is called the ______

Epiphysis

13

The adductors of the thigh are ___ levers.

Third-class

14

The articulating surfaces of synovial joints are referred to as ____

Facets

15

A cavity or slight depression on the skull.

Fossa

16

The study of the skeletal system.

Osteology

17

The branch of surgery concerned with the skeletal system.

Orthopedics

18

Individual bone cells.

Osteocytes

19

Cells that release stored mineral nutrients from the bones and produce substances that break down bone tissue to remove tissue that isn't needed.

Osteoclasts

20

_______ build bone cells, repair bone tissue and stores minerals for future use.

Osteoblasts

21

The hardest structure in the body; a calcified tissue that surrounds the pulp cavity of a tooth.

Dentine

22

The hard, dense outer layer of bone.

Compact bone

23

The interior of the ends of the bone that is less dense, porous material that contains spaces filled with bone marrow.

Spongy bone

24

The shaft of the long bone.

Diaphysis

25

The internal space in long bones.

Medullary cavity

26

A layer of connective tissue lining the medullary cavity of the long bone.

Endosteum

27

A specialized connective tissue that covers the outer bone surface and acts as a connector to the tendons.

Periosteum

28

The production of electrical polarization in the material in the bone caused by mechanical stress.

Piezoelectricity

29

The part of the skeleton which includes the skull, the hyoid, the bones of the thorax, and the vertebral column.

Axial skeleton

30

The part of the skeleton which includes the bones of the shoulders, hips, hands, legs and feet.

Appendicular skeleton