Flashcards in 8 - Skeletal System Deck (131)
The human body has ____ bones.
The ____ is an example of a long bone.
The hyoid is what type of bone?
Irregularly shaped bone
The joint where two bones meet.
Immovable joints are classified as _____
An example of a freely movable joint.
The ____ functions as a fulcrum.
The most plentiful levers in the body are _____
A meatus is ______
The coronal and sagittal sutures meet at the _____
Bone marrow produces ____ red blood cells every minute.
The end of a long bone is called the ______
The adductors of the thigh are ___ levers.
The articulating surfaces of synovial joints are referred to as ____
A cavity or slight depression on the skull.
The study of the skeletal system.
The branch of surgery concerned with the skeletal system.
Individual bone cells.
Cells that release stored mineral nutrients from the bones and produce substances that break down bone tissue to remove tissue that isn't needed.
_______ build bone cells, repair bone tissue and stores minerals for future use.
The hardest structure in the body; a calcified tissue that surrounds the pulp cavity of a tooth.
The hard, dense outer layer of bone.
The interior of the ends of the bone that is less dense, porous material that contains spaces filled with bone marrow.
The shaft of the long bone.
The internal space in long bones.
A layer of connective tissue lining the medullary cavity of the long bone.
A specialized connective tissue that covers the outer bone surface and acts as a connector to the tendons.
The production of electrical polarization in the material in the bone caused by mechanical stress.
The part of the skeleton which includes the skull, the hyoid, the bones of the thorax, and the vertebral column.
The part of the skeleton which includes the bones of the shoulders, hips, hands, legs and feet.
The phalanges are an example of what type of bone?
The scapula, ilium and sternum are examples of what type of bone?
The tarsus in the foot is an example of what type of bone?
Another term for synarthrotic joint.
Pubic bones and the sacroiliac are examples of what type of joint?
Another term for amphiartrotic joint.
Fingers are examples of what type of joint?
Diarthrotic or synovial joint.
The hip and and shoulder joints are examples of what type of joint?
The elbow, knee and ankle are examples of what type of joint?
Intercarpals and intertarsals are examples of what type of joint?
The wrist and atlas-occipital joint, where the head is attached to the body are examples of what type of joint?
The joint between the first two cervical vertebrae is an example of what type of joint?
Muscles are connected to the bones with _____
Bones are connected to bones with ____
A deep projection in a bone (bony landmark).
A duct or channel (bony landmark); such as in the ear.
Firm, smooth, resilient nonvascular tissue.
A rounded projection at the articulation of an extremity (bony landmark); such as the end of the humerus.
A bony ridge (bony landmark); such as the top of the iliac.
A bony projection on either side of a condyle area, such as the distal end of the humerus; it serves as an attachment point for muscles and ligaments.
A smooth plane surface, such as the articulation of the vertebrae.
A cleft or groove (bony landmark).
An opening for nerves or other tissue to pass through (bony landmark).
The large bony projection on the femur.
A furrow or channel (bony landmark).
The larger, thicker, heavier part of a bone.
A long, narrow ridge (bony landmark).
A natural passage or canal (bony landmark).
A wide, shallow depression (bony landmark).
A projection (bony landmark).
A cavity within an organ or area (bony landmark).
A sharp, slender projection (bony landmark).
A groove along a bone that accommodates a nerve, tendon or blood vessel (bony landmark).
A knob, such as that found on the posterior surface of a rib at the articulation of the transverse process (bony landmark).
A rounded elevation (bony landmark).
A line where the frontal section meets the two paritel sections of the skull.
The general term for the eight bones of the head; together with the 14 bones of the face they make up the skull.
The complex bone where the of factory nerves pass through the cranium.
The junction in the skull where the coronal and Sagittal sutures meet; it is membranous at birth.
The forehead; the anterior part of the skull.
The thin, curvy bones on the lateral sides of the nasal cavity.
Inferior nasal concha
The bone where the glands that secrete tears are located.
The junction of the occipital and parietal bones.
The lower jaw bone
A bony process located at the lateral side of the skull, behind the ear.
The upper jaw bone.
Bone pertaining to the nose.
Referring to the back part of the head bones.
Small bones of the ears.
A pair of bones located in the back of the mouth.
Referring to the side bones of the skull.
The suture between the two parietal bones.
A wedge-shaped bone in front of the occipital bone.
The overlapping bone margins on the lateral side of the head.
A large, irregular bone situated in the base and side of the head.
The partitioning bone between the nostrils.
The bone beneath the orbit forming the cheek.
The first vertebra; the head sits on it.
The second vertebra; allows side-to-side movement of the head.
The wrist bone.
The collar bone.
The tail bone.
The thigh bone.
The smaller, outer lower leg bone.
The upper arm bone.
The hand bones between the wrist and the fingers.
The mid-bones of the foot, in between the ankle and the toes.
The hip bones.
The finger and toes bones.
The lower arm bone on the lateral aspect (thumb side) of the forearm.
Articulating from the spine, most of the bones that connect to the sternum to protect the thoracic organs.
The shoulder blade.
The breast bone.
The larger, inner lower leg bone.
The lower arm bone on the medial aspect (little finger side) of the forearm.
The bones of the back (spinal column).
How many vertebrae in the cervical spine?
How many vertebrae in the thoracic spine?
How many vertebrae are in the lumbar spine?
How many vertebrae are fused together to form the coccyx?
A posterior curvature of the thoracic spine, also called hunchback.
A combination of a posterior curvature of the lumbar area and a lateral curvature.
An anterior curvature of the lumbar area of the spine, also called swayback.
A lateral curvature of the spine.
The most common type of bone cancer.
A cancer in the cartilage, usually around the pelvis or extremities, usually affects middle-aged adults.
The displacement of a bone from its normal location.
A partial displacement of one of the bones that comprises a joint.
A fracture in which the skin is broken and there is an open wound down to bone.
A fracture in which the skin is intact at the break.
An inflammation of the joints.
An inflammation of the bursa, the fluid-filled sac that lies between the bone and the tendon; caused by trauma or overuse.
Deterioration of the cartilage on the underside of the patella.
Recurring episodes of arthritis in the peripheral joints, usually the big toe caused by an excess of uric acid building up in the joint spaces.
An endocrine disorder in which too much calcium is removed from the bone and put into the blood, which in turn causes bone pain.
Degeneration and eventual loss of the cartilage that serves as a cushion between the joints and bones.
An inflammation of the bone caused by pus-producing organism; it may involve only superficial area but is capable of penetrating through the bone.
Bone death resulting from poor blood supply to an area of bone.
A disease in which the body loses bone marrow mass and replaces it with fibrous or vascular tissue.