Flashcards in 16 - The Respiratory System Deck (57)
Small sacs in the lungs that fill with air from the alveolar ducts (singular alveolus).
The larger air passages in the lungs.
A tiny branch of the bronchi that connects to the alveoli.
The outer curved part of the nasal cavities that acts as a filter for dust, and to warm and moisten the incoming air.
A dome-shaped muscle between the thoracic and abdominal cavities; controls regular, relaxed breathing by contracting and relaxing.
A cartilaginous flap above the glottis that closes while food or liquid is passing through the pharynx.
Another term for exhalation (breathing out).
The vocal cords and the opening between them.
Another term for inhalation (breathing in).
The bottom part of the pharynx.
The voice box
The main breathing organs in the chest that bring oxygen into the body and expel carbon dioxide.
Any of the passages in the nasal passages.
The part of the pharynx behind the nasal cavity and above the soft palate.
External openings of the nose that provide air passage and secretions from the nose and eyes.
The part of the throat located at the back of the mouth.
The outer layer of the pleural membrane.
The cavity at the back of the mouth that opens to the esophagus and larynx.
The volume of air left in the lungs after a maximum exhalation.
An air-filled cavity
The volume of air that is inhaled or exhaled during a normal, resting breathing cycle.
The volume of air in the lungs after a maximum inhalation.
Total lung capacity
The inner layer of the pleural membrane
The volume of gas that can be exhaled from the lungs at maximum inhalation.
A number of conditions in which the lungs receive inadequate oxygen; may be caused by a pathological condition or by exposure to smoke, pollution, or toxic chemicals, resulting in shortness of breath.
Acute respiratory disease syndrome (ARDS)
The temporary cessation of breathing (usually occurs during sleep)
A condition caused by an inadequate intake of oxygen.