Flashcards in 5 - Chemistry of the Body Deck (29)
The body contains _____ chemical elements.
Aluminum is an example of a ________.
What substances break apart into two or more ions when put into water.
When in balance, the body's pH should be within what range?
Cause tissue damage.
An ion is an atom that ______
Could be either positively or negatively charged.
Chemical imbalances contribute to many conditions, including _______
Depression, diabetes and cancer
Protons, neutrons and electrons are all examples of _______
Excess calories are stored as _____
Oxygen, carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen account for approximately ___% of the body's mass.
Two or more atoms bonded together is a(n) _____
Two or more forms of the same atom with different masses are _______
Consuming too much of a mineral can result in______
______ is an example of an acid.
______ is not a trace element.
The simplest component from which all other chemical structures are built.
A biochemical reaction in which simpler substances are combined to form more complex substances, resulting in the storage of energy, the production of new cellular material and growth.
A biochemical process involved in the breakdown of organic compounds, usually leading to the production of energy.
The sum of all energy-producing and energy-using processes that occur in the human body.
Chemical elements are composed of ___
The core of the atom.
Protons have what type of charge?
Neutrons have what type of charge?
Electrons have what type of charge?
Another word for molecule.
An atom that is positively or negatively charged.
Substances that will release hydrogen ions in a solution.
Two substances in uneven amounts mixed together.