4 - Basic Medical Terminology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 4 - Basic Medical Terminology Deck (129):
1

The prefix a- means _______

without or not

2

The prefix an- means _______

without or not

3

The prefix ab- means _______

away from

4

The prefix ad- means _______

toward

5

The prefix adeno- means _______

gland

6

The prefix ambi- means _______

both

7

The prefix angio- means _______

vessel

8

The prefix ante- means _______

before, forward

9

The prefix anti- means _______

against

10

The prefix arthro- means _______

joint

11

The prefix bi- means _______

double, two

12

The prefix brachio- means _______

arm

13

The prefix brady- means _______

slow

14

The prefix cardio- means _______

heart

15

The prefix caud- means _______

tail

16

The prefix cephal- means _______

head

17

The prefix chondro- means _______

cartilage

18

The prefix circum- means _______

around

19

The prefix cochlea- means _______

shell

20

The prefix contra- means _______

against, opposite

21

The prefix derm- means _______

skin

22

The prefix di- means _______

two

23

The prefix dia- means _______

across, through, apart

24

The prefix dis- means _______

separation, away from

25

The prefix dur- means _______

tough

26

The prefix dys- means _______

bad, difficult, abnormal

27

The prefix ecto- means _______

outer

28

The prefix ede- means _______

swelling

29

The prefix endo- means _______

inner, inside

30

The prefix epi- means _______

over, on

31

The prefix ergo- means _______

work

32

The prefix eryth- means _______

red

33

The prefix ex- means _______

out, out of, from, away from

34

The prefix for- means _______

opening

35

The prefix gastro- means _______

belly, stomach

36

The prefix glosso- means _______

tongue

37

The prefix hemi- means _______

half

38

The prefix hemo- means _______

blood

39

The prefix hepa- means _______

liver

40

The prefix histo- means _______

tissue

41

The prefix homo- means _______

same

42

The prefix hydro- means _______

water

43

The prefix hyper- means _______

excessive, too high

44

The prefix hypo- means _______

under, decreased, less than normal

45

The prefix ilio-(a) means _______

ilium

46

The prefix in- means _______

in, into, within, not

47

The prefix infra- means _______

below

48

The prefix inter- means _______

between

49

The prefix intra- means _______

within

50

The prefix iso- means _______

same

51

The prefix kine- means _______

movement

52

The prefix labio- means _______

lips

53

The prefix later- means _______

side

54

The prefix leuko- means _______

white

55

The prefix lipo- means _______

fat

56

The prefix macro- means _______

big

57

The prefix mal- means _______

bad

58

The prefix mater- means _______

mother

59

The prefix medi- means _______

middle

60

The prefix mega- means _______

big

61

The prefix multi- means _______

many

62

The prefix myo- means _______

muscle

63

The prefix neo- means _______

new

64

The prefix nephro- means _______

kidney

65

The prefix neuro- means _______

nerve

66

The prefix ora- means _______

mouth

67

The prefix orchi- means _______

testes

68

The prefix osteo- means _______

bone

69

The prefix oto- means _______

ear

70

The prefix para- means _______

beside

71

The prefix per- means _______

by, through

72

The prefix peri- means _______

around

73

The prefix poly- means _______

many

74

The prefix post- means _______

after, behind

75

The prefix pre- means _______

before, in front of

76

The prefix pro- means _______

before, in front of

77

The prefix re- means _______

again

78

The prefix retro- means _______

backward

79

The prefix semi- means _______

half

80

The prefix somato- means _______

body

81

The prefix steno- means _______

narrow

82

The prefix sub- means _______

under

83

The prefix super- means _______

above, over, excess

84

The prefix supra- means _______

above, over

85

The prefix syn- means _______

together

86

The prefix tachy- means _______

fast

87

The prefix thermo- means _______

heat

88

The prefix thoraco- means _______

chest

89

The prefix thrombo- means _______

clot

90

The prefix trans- means _______

across, over

91

The prefix tri- means _______

three

92

The prefix uni- means _______

one

93

The prefix uria- means _______

urine

94

The prefix uro- means _______

urine

95

The prefix vaso- means _______

vessel

96

The prefix viscero- means _______

organ

97

The suffix -algia means _______

pain

98

The suffix -ase means _______

enzyme

99

The suffix -ectomy means _______

surgical removal

100

The suffix -emia means _______

blood condition

101

The suffix -eum means _______

membrane

102

The suffix -genic means _______

produce, create

103

The suffix -iatric means _______

specialty

104

The suffix -ism means _______

condition

105

The suffix -itis means _______

inflammation

106

The suffix -sis means _______

process

107

The suffix -trophy means _______

growth

108

An explanation formulated in an attempt to explain observations in the natural world.

Theory

109

A theory that seems to explain a group of phenomena and can be subjected to tests, experimentation, or statistical analysis to prove or disprove.

Hypothesis

110

A careful, diligent search of relationships between cause and effect, conducted in a scholarly fashion that will hold up to peer review.

Research

111

A body of knowledge in a specific discipline or area.

Science

112

The study and collection of data pertaining to a particular body of knowledge through the use of hypothesizing, analysis, theory, models, law and research.

Scientific method

113

An understanding without the conscious use of reasoning or logic.

Intuition

114

The creation of something beautiful, or the skill to do so.

Art

115

A change in function.

Physiological effect

116

The belief system that what affects one also affects the other.

Body/mind effect

117

A scientific term for the power of suggestion.

Placebo effect

118

A collective term for effects on the cells of the physical body (as opposed to the mind of the spirit).

Somatic effects

119

The theory that while you may not consciously remember some past injury or trauma, the body does.

Cellular memory

120

The body's short-term and long-term reactions to stress.

General adaption syndrome

121

Any factor that moves the body away from homeostasis or balance.

Stress

122

Another word for balance.

Homeostasis

123

The alarm reaction.

Fight-or-flight

124

Our conscious monitoring of stress, developing skills to deal with stress and the practice of putting those skills into effect.

Stress management

125

List the 7 stages of the life cycle.

Egg, embryo, baby, child, adolescent, adult and old age

126

Physiolgocial rhythms: temperature, sleep, alertness and hormone levels.

Biological rhythms or biorhythms

127

Biorhythms that operate on a general cycle of 24 hours.

Circadian rythms

128

Rhythms that help moderate hemispheric dominance in the brain.

Ultradian rhythm

129

The concept that two things with separate rhythms put together will soon adopt one rhythm.

Entrainment