Flashcards in 10 - Nervous System Deck (148)
The nervous system includes which two separate systems?
The CNS and the PNS
The autonomic nervous system is part of the _____
Peripheral nervous system
The study of the nervous system is called ______
Neurotransmitters are ______
The two ends of a neuron are called the _____
Axon and the dendrite
The space between two cells is called the ______
What is both a neurotransmitter and a hormone?
The myelin sheath is a layer of ____ surrounding the neuron.
The two main types of cells in the nervous tissue are ______
Neurons and glial cells
___ is a natural opiate produced by the brain to diminish pain.
The only cells that send signals away from the cerebellum are _____
____ is damage to or destruction of a cell due to exhaustion or injury.
Paralysis affecting only one side of the body is referred to as ______
Transient ischemic attack is another term for _____
______ provide information about movement and position.
The functional unit of the nervous system.
A component of a neuron that receives incoming nerve impulses.
A component of a neuron that carries nerve signals away from the body of the neuron.
Supporting cells that produce electrical insulation as well as other support functions.
Messages in the neurons are carried along with the help of chemicals called _________
A neurotransmitter that propagates electrical impulses from one nerve cell to one another in the PNS.
A neurotransmitter involved in the regulation of sleep, body temperature and sensory perception but is also thought to have something to do with our moods.
Neurons that usually have a long dendrite and a short axon, and carry messages from sensory receptors to the CNS.
Neurons that have short dendrites and long axons and carry messages from the CNS to the muscles or glands.
Another term for afferent neuron.
Another term for efferent neuron.
Specialized cells that react to chemical substances and relay information throughout the CNS.
Specialized cells that respond to light on the retina of the eye.
Free nerve endings that respond to pain.