ANTH 1000 - Ch. 1 Flashcards Preview

ANTH 1000 > ANTH 1000 - Ch. 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in ANTH 1000 - Ch. 1 Deck (39):
1

Anthropology

The study of humankind in all times and places

2

Holistic Perspective

a fundamental principle of anthropology; that the various parts of human culture and biology must be viewed in the broadest possible context in order to understand their interconnections and interdependence

3

Ethnocentrism

the belief that the ways of one's own culture are the only proper ones.

4

Culture-bound

looking at the world and reality based on the assumptions and values of one's one culture

5

applied anthropology

the use of anthropological knowledge and methods to solve practical problems, often for a specific client

6

medical anthropology

a specialization in anthropology that combines theoretical and applied approaches from cultural and biological anthropology with the study of human health and disease

7

physical anthropology

the systematic study of humans as biological organisms; also known as biological anthropology

8

molecular anthropology

a branch of biological anthropology that uses genetic and biochemical techniques to test hypotheses about human evoluation, adaptation, and variation

9

paleoanthropology

the study of origins and predecessors of the present human species; the study of human evolution

10

bioculture

focusing on the interaction of biology and culture

11

primatology

the study of living and fossil primates

12

forensic anthropology

applied subfield of physical anthropology that specializes in the identification of human skeletal remains for legal purposes

13

cultural anthropology

also known as social or sociocultural anthropology the study of customary patterns in human behavior, thought, and feelings. It focuseson humans as culture - producing and culture - reproducing creatures

14

culture

a society's shared and socially transmitted ideas, values, and perceptions, which are used to make sense of experience and generate behavior and are reflected in that behavior

15

ethnography

a detailed description of a particular culture primarily based on field work

16

field work

the term anthropologists use for on-location research

17

participant observation

in ethnography, the technique of learning a people's culture through social participation and personal observation within the community being studied as well as interviewing and discussion with individual members of the group over an extended period of time

18

ethnology

the study and anlysis of different cultures from a comparative or historical point of view, utilizing ethnographic accounts and developing anthropological theories that help explain why certain important differences or similarities occur among groups.

19

linguistic anthropology

the study of human languages - looking at their structure, history, and relation to social and cultural contexts

20

discourse

an extended communication on a particular subject

21

archaeology

the study of human cultures through the recovery and analysis of material remains and environmental data

22

bioarchaeology

the archaeological study of human remains, emphasizing the preservation of cultural and social processes in the skeleton

23

cultural resource management

a branch of archaeology tied to government policies for the protection of cultural resources and involving surveying and/or excavating archaeological and historical remains threatened by construction or development

24

empirical

based on observations of the world rather than on intuition or faith

25

hypothesis

a tentative explanation of the relationships between certain phenomena

26

theory

in science, an explanation of natural phenomena, supported by a reliable body of data

27

doctrine

an assertion of opinion or belief formally handed down by an authority as true and indisputable

28

informed consent

formal recorded agreement to participate in research; fede4rally mandated for all research in the U.S. and Europe

29

globalization

worldwide interconnectedness, evidenced in global movements of natural resources, trade oods, human labor, finance capital, information, and infectious diseases

30

False

T or F: Anthropology is different from other disciplines that study humans in its greater attention to detail and its requirement that students master the anatomical details of the human body before they even begin to study diverse cultures.

31

True

T or F: While ethnography is the in-depth study of a single culture, ethnology is the comparative study of culture.

32

True

T or F: According the author, the first responsibility of the anthropologist is to the people studied.

33

biology

Which of the following is not one of the four branches of anthropology?

34

...it synthesizes data from many fields in an effort to describe human behavior as a whole.

Anthropology is different from other disciplines that study humans because __________.

35

False

T or F: Ethnographic fieldwork is never done in Western societies

36

Biological variation in human populations and evolution of human characteristics

Which of the following are broad research interests of physical anthropologists?

37

False

T or F: Humans are mammals, specifically primates. However, they do not share a common ancestry, like apes do, with other primates.

38

True

T or F: Your textbook suggests tha the concept of race emerged as an ideological vehicle for justifying European dominance over Africans and American Indians.

39

...focus on humans as culture producing and re-producing creatures

Cultural anthropology is the study of patterns of human behavior. These standards __________.