ANTH 1000 - Ch. 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ANTH 1000 - Ch. 13 Deck (16):
1

developmental adaptation

a permanent phenotype variation derived from interaction between genes and the environment during the period of growth and development

2

secular trend

a physical difference among related people from distinct generations that allows anthropologists to make inferences about environmental effects on growth and development

3

physiological adaptation

a short-term physiological change in response to a specific environmental stimulus. And immediate short-term response is not very efficient and is gradually replaced by a longer term response

4

acclimatization

long-term physiological adjustments made in order to attain an equilibrium with a specific environmental stimulus

5

Bergmann's rule

the tendency for the bodies of mammals living in cold climates to be shorter and rounder than members of the same species living in warm climates

6

Allen's rule

the tendency for the bodies of mammals living in cold climates to have shorter appendages (arms and legs) than members of the same species living in warm climates

7

hunting response

a cyclic expansion and contraction of the blood vessels of the limbs that balances releasing enough heat to prevent frostbit while maintaining heat in the body core

8

medical system

a patterned set of ideas and practices relating to illness

9

disease

a specific pathology; a physical or biological abnormality

10

illness

the meanings and elaborations given to a particular physical state

11

endemic

the public health term for a disease that is wide-spread in a population

12

evolutionary medicine

an approach to human sickness and health combining principles of evolutionary theory and human evolutionary history

13

prion

an infectious protein lacking any genetic material but capable of causing the reorganization and destruction of other proteins

14

medical pluralism

the presence of multiple medical systems, each with its own practices and beliefs in a society

15

structural violence

physical and/or psychological harm (including repression, environmental destruction, poverty, hunger, illness, and premature death) cause by exploitative and unjust social, political, and economic systems

16

health disparity

a difference in the health status between the wealthy elite and the poor in stratified societies