ANTH 1000 - Ch. 26 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ANTH 1000 - Ch. 26 Deck (11):
1

primary innovation

The creation, invention, or chance discovery of a completely new idea, method, or device

2

secondary innovation

the deliberate application or modification of an existing idea, method, or device

3

diffusion

the spread of certain ideas, customs, or practices from one culture to another

4

cultural loss

the abandonment of an existing practice or trait

5

acculturation

Massive culture change that occurs in a society when it experiences intensive firsthand contact with a more powerful society

6

ethnocide

The violent eradication of an ethnic group's collective cultural identity as a distinctive people; occurs when a dominant society deliberately sets out to destroy another society's cultural heritage

7

tradition

customary ideas and practices passed on from generation to generation, which in a modernizing society may form an obstacle to new ways of doing things

8

syncretism

In acculturation, the creative blending of indigenous and foreign beliefs and practices into new cultural forms

9

rebellion

organized armed resistance to an established government or authority in power

10

revolution

radical change in a society or culture. In the political arena, it involves the forced overthrow of an old government and establishment of a completely new one

11

modernization

the process of political and socioeconomical change, whereby developing societies acquire some of the cultural characteristics of Wester industrial societies