Flashcards in ANTH 1000 - Ch. 14 Deck (24):
a society's shared and socially transmitted ideas, values, and perceptions, which are used to make sense of experience and generate behavior and are reflected in that behavior
the process by which a society's culture is passed on from one generations to the next and individuals become members of their society
an organized group or groups of interdependent people who generally share a common territory, language, and culture and who act together for collective survivial and well-being
the cultural elaborations and means assigned to the biological differentiation between the sexes
a distinctive set of ideas, values, and behavior patterns by which a group within a larger society aperates, while still sharing common standards with that larger society
people who collectively and publicly identify themselves as a distinct group basedon cultural geatures such as common origin, language, customes and traditional beliefs
this term, rooted in the Greek word ETHNIKOS ("nation") and related ETHNOS ("custom"), is the expression for the set of cultural ideas held by an ethnic group
a society in which two or more ethnic groups or nationalities are politically organized into one territorial state but maintain their cultural differences
a sign, sound, emblem, or other thing that is arbitrarily linked to something else and represents it in a meaningful way
the rule-governed relationships - with all their rights and obligations - that hold members of a society together. This includes households, families, associations, and power relations, including politics
the economic foundation of a society including its subsistence practices adn the tools and other material equipment used to make a living
a society's shared sense of identity and worldview. The collective body of ideas, beliefs, and values by which members of a society make sense of the world - its shape, challenges and opportunities - and understand their place in it. This includes religion and national ideology
a complex of ideas, activities and technologies that enables people to survive and even thrive in their environment
the idea that one must suspend judgement of other people's practices in order to understand them in their own cultural terms
...if you alter one aspect of culture, you can drastically affect and possibly even endanger the functioning of the whole
Culture is an integrated and interrelated whole, which means that _______________.
Which of the following is NOT a common aspect of culture
T or F: No known human societies exist, or have existed, that do not exhibit culture.
...are able to interpret and predict each other's actions
People share the same culture if they ____________.
The process in which culture is transmitted from one generation to the next is called _____________.
The belief that one's own way of life is superior to others is __________.
T or F: Cultures are changing more rapidly toady than they did in the past.
Among the Kapauku Papuans of New Guinea, the fact that an attempt to eliminate warfare (which would create a more balanced sex ration) would affect the practice of polygyny, which would affect the economy (since women raise pigs, and the more wives a man has the more pigs he can keep), shows that culture is __________.
Humans' major mode of adaptation, which enables them to live effectively in diverse environments, is __________.