ANTH 1000 - Ch. 15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ANTH 1000 - Ch. 15 Deck (26):
1

urgent anthropology

ethnographic research that documents endangered cultures; also known as salvage ethnography

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advocacy anthropology

research that is community based and politically involved

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multi-sited enthnography

the investigation and documentation of peoples and cultures embedded in the larger structures of a globalizing world, utilizing a range of methods in various locations of time and space

4

ethnographic fieldwork

extended on-location research to gather details and in-depth information on a society's customary ideas, values, and practices through participation in its collective social life

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key consultant

a member of the society being studied who provides information that helps researchers understand the meaning of what they observe; early anthropologists referred to such individuals as informants

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quantitative data

statistical or measurable information, such as demographic composition, the types and quantities of crops grown, or the ratio of spouses born and raised within or outside the community.

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qualitative data

nonstatistical information such as personal life stories and customary beliefs and practices

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informal interview

an unstructured, open-ended conversation in everyday life

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formal interview

a structured question/answer session carefully notated as it occurs and based on prepared questions

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eliciting device

an activity or object used to draw out individuals and encourage them to recall and share information

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digital ethnography

the use of digital technologies (audio and visual) for the collection, analysis, and representation of ethnographic data

12

ethnohistory

a study of cultures of the recent past through oral histories; accounts of explorers, missionaries, and traders; and anaylsis of records such as land titles, birth and death records, and other archival materials

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theory

in science, an explanation of natural phenomena, supported by a reliable body of data

14

Human Relations Area Files (HRAF)

A vast collection of cross-indexed ethnographic and archaeological data catalogued by cultural characteristics and geographic locations; archived in about 300 libraries (on microfiche or online)

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idealistic perspective

a theoretical approach stressing the primacy of superstructure in cultural research and analysis

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materialist perspective

a theoretical approach stressing the primacy of infrastructure (material conditions) in cultural research and analysis.

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Ethnohistory

If an anthropologist is studying a culture of the recent past using oral histories, accounts of explorers, missionaries, and traders and also through the analysis of such records as land titles, birth and death records, and other archival materials; that anthropologist is doing ___________.

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Informed consent

A formal, recorded agreement to participate in research is called __________.

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Applied anthropology

__________ is the use of anthropological knowledge and methods to solve practical problems in communities confronting new challenges

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True

T or F: The most important anthropological research tool by far is participant observation.

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Urgent anthropology

Ethnographic research that documents endangered cultures is known as __________.

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False

T or F: anthropologists use only qualitative data gathering techniques; quantitative data is used only by sociologists.

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Informal interviews

Unstructured, open-ended conversations in everyday life are called__________.

24

Participant observation

The primary method in the anthropologist's toolkit, regardless of the time period, has always been __________.

25

An ethnographic and archeological database

The Human Relations Area Files (HRAF) is __________.

26

Choosing a research question

What is the first step in doing ethnographic fieldwork?