Flashcards in ANTH 1000 - Ch. 15 Deck (26):
ethnographic research that documents endangered cultures; also known as salvage ethnography
research that is community based and politically involved
the investigation and documentation of peoples and cultures embedded in the larger structures of a globalizing world, utilizing a range of methods in various locations of time and space
extended on-location research to gather details and in-depth information on a society's customary ideas, values, and practices through participation in its collective social life
a member of the society being studied who provides information that helps researchers understand the meaning of what they observe; early anthropologists referred to such individuals as informants
statistical or measurable information, such as demographic composition, the types and quantities of crops grown, or the ratio of spouses born and raised within or outside the community.
nonstatistical information such as personal life stories and customary beliefs and practices
an unstructured, open-ended conversation in everyday life
a structured question/answer session carefully notated as it occurs and based on prepared questions
an activity or object used to draw out individuals and encourage them to recall and share information
the use of digital technologies (audio and visual) for the collection, analysis, and representation of ethnographic data
a study of cultures of the recent past through oral histories; accounts of explorers, missionaries, and traders; and anaylsis of records such as land titles, birth and death records, and other archival materials
in science, an explanation of natural phenomena, supported by a reliable body of data
Human Relations Area Files (HRAF)
A vast collection of cross-indexed ethnographic and archaeological data catalogued by cultural characteristics and geographic locations; archived in about 300 libraries (on microfiche or online)
a theoretical approach stressing the primacy of superstructure in cultural research and analysis
a theoretical approach stressing the primacy of infrastructure (material conditions) in cultural research and analysis.
If an anthropologist is studying a culture of the recent past using oral histories, accounts of explorers, missionaries, and traders and also through the analysis of such records as land titles, birth and death records, and other archival materials; that anthropologist is doing ___________.
A formal, recorded agreement to participate in research is called __________.
__________ is the use of anthropological knowledge and methods to solve practical problems in communities confronting new challenges
T or F: The most important anthropological research tool by far is participant observation.
Ethnographic research that documents endangered cultures is known as __________.
T or F: anthropologists use only qualitative data gathering techniques; quantitative data is used only by sociologists.
Unstructured, open-ended conversations in everyday life are called__________.
The primary method in the anthropologist's toolkit, regardless of the time period, has always been __________.
An ethnographic and archeological database
The Human Relations Area Files (HRAF) is __________.