ANTH 1000 - Ch. 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ANTH 1000 - Ch. 8 Deck (15):
1

Homo

The genus of bipeds that appeared 2.5 million years ago, characterized by increased brain size compared to earlier bipeds. The genus is divided into various species based on features such as brain size, skull shape, and cultural capabilities

2

Oldowan tool tradition

The first stone tool industry, beginning between 2.5 and 2.6 million years ago.

3

percussion method

a technique of stone tool manufacture performed by striking the raw material with a hammerstone or by striking raw material against a stone anvil to remove flakes

4

Lower Paleolithic

The first part of the Old Stone Age beginning with the earliest Oldowan tools spanning from about 200,000 or 250,000 to 2.6 million years ago

5

Homo habilis

"Handy man." The first fossil members of the genus Homo appearing 2.5 million years ago, with larger brains and smaller faces than australopithecines

6

gender

the cultural elaborations and meanings and assigned to the biological differentiation between the sexes

7

marrow

the tissue inside of long bones where blood cells are produced

8

tertiary scavenger

in a food chain, the third animal group (second to scavenge) to obtain meat from a kill made by a predator

9

Acheulean tradition

The tool-making tradition of Homo erectus in Africa, Europe, and southwestern Asia in which hand-axes were developed from the earlier Oldowan chopper

10

hypoglossal canal

the opening in the skull that accommodates the tongue controlling hypoglossal nerve

11

archaic Homo sapiens

a loosely defined group within the genus Homo that "lumpers" use for fossils with the combination of large brain size and ancestral features on the skull

12

Levalloisian technique

Tool-making technique by which three or four long triangular flakes were detached from a specially prepared core; developed by members of the genus Homo transitional from H, erectus to H. sapiens

13

Neadertals

a distinct group within the genus Homo inhabiting Europe and southwestern Asia from approximately 30,000 to 125,000 years ago

14

Middle Paleolithic

the middle part of the Old Stone Age characterized by the development of the Mousterian tradition of tool making and the earlier Lavlloisian traditions

15

Mousterian tradition

the tool industry of the Neandertals and their contemporaries of Europe, southwestern Asia, and northern Africa from 40,000 to 125,000 years ago