ANTH 1000 - Ch. 20 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ANTH 1000 - Ch. 20 Deck (28):
1

marriage

a culturally sanctioned union between two or more people that establishes certain rights and obligations between the people, between them and their children, and between them and their in-laws. Such marriage rights and obligations most often include, but are not limited to: sex, labor, property, childrearing, exchange, and status

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consanguineal kin

Biologically related nrelatives, commonly referred to as blood relatives

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affinal kin

people related through marriage; the in-laws

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incest taboo

the prohibition of sexual relations between specified individuals, usually parent and child and sibling relations at a minimum

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endogamy

marriage within a particular group or category of individuals

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exogamy

marriage outside the group

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monogamy

marriage in which both partners have just one spouse

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serial monogamy

a marriage form in which a man or a woman marries or lives with a series of partners in succession

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polygamy

one individual having multiple spouses at the same time; from the Greek words POLY ("many") and GAMOS ("marriage")

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polygyny

marriage of a man to two or more women at the same time; a form of polygamy

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polyandry

marriage of a woman to two or more men at one time; a form of polygamy

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group marriage

marriage in which several men and women have sexual access to one another; also called co-marriage

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fictive marriage

marriage by proxy to the symbols of someone not physically present to establish the social status of a spouse and heirs

14

parallel cousin

child of a father's brother or a mother's sister

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cross cousin

child of a mother's brother or a father's sister

16

bridewealth

money or valuable goods paid by the groom or his family to the bride's family upon marriage; also called bride-price

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bride service

a designated period of time when the groom works for the bride's family

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dowry

payment of a woman's inheritance at the time of her marriage, either to her or her husband

19

family

two or more people related by blood, marriage or adoption. The family may take many forms, ranging from a single parent with one or more children, to a marries couple or polygamous spouses with or without offspring, to several generations of parents and their children

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household

the basic residential unit where economic production, consumption, inheritance, childrearing and shelter are organized and carried out

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conjugal family

a family established through family

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consanguineal family

a family of "blood relatives" consisting of related women, their brothers, and the women's offspring

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nuclear family

a group consisting of one or two parents and dependent offspring, which may include a steppartent, stepsiblings, and adopted children. Until recently this term referred only to the father, mother, and child(ren) unit

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extended family

two or more closely related nuclear families clustered together in a large domestic group

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patrilocal residence

a residence pattern in which a married couple lives in the husband's father's place of residence

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matrilocal residence

a residence pattern in which a married couple lives in the wife's mother's place of residence

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ambilocal residence

a residence pattern in which a married couple may choose either matrilocal or patrilocal residence

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neolocal residence

a pattern in which a married couple establishes the household in a location apart from either the husband's or wife's relatives