ANTH 1000 - Ch. 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ANTH 1000 - Ch. 9 Deck (11):
1

Upper Paleolithic

The last part (10,000 to 40,000 years ago) of the Old Stone Age, featuring tool industries characterized by long slim blades and an explosion of creative symbolic forms

2

Cro-Magnon

A European of the UPper Paleolithic after about 36,000 years ago

3

multiregional hypothesis

the hypothesis that modern humans originated through a process of simultaneous local transition from Homo erectus to Homo sapiens throughout the inhabited world

4

recent African origins or "Eve" hypothesis

the hypothesis that all modern people are derived from one single population of archaic Homo sapiens from Africa who migrated out of Africa after 100,000 years ago, replacing all other archaic forms due to their superior cultural capabilities; also called the out of Africa hypothesis

5

Aurignacian tradition

Tool-making tradition in Europe and western Asia at the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic

6

blade technique

a technique of stone tool manufacture in which long, parallel-sided flakes are struck off the edges of a specially prepared core

7

pressure flaking

a technique of stone tool manufacture in which a bone, antler, or wooden tool is used to press, rather than strike off, small flakes from a piece of flint or similar stone

8

burin

a stone tool with chisel-like edges used for working bone and antler

9

entoptic phenomena

bright pulsating forms that are generated by the central nervous system and seen in states of trance

10

Sahul

the greater Australian landmass including Australia, New Guinea, and Tasmania. At times of maximum glaciation and low sea levels, these areas were continuous

11

Sunda

the combined landmass of the contemporary islands of Java, Sumatra, Borneo, and Bali that was continuous with mainland Southeast Asia at times of low sea levels corresponding to maximum glaciation