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Flashcards in Art History "Early Renaissance" Deck (44):
0

Tondo

A round-shapes painting

1

Foreshortening

A method of drawing or painting an object or person that is not parallel to the picture plane

2

Comminssion

Order for the paintings and various artworks to be made

3

Patron

A wealthy and/or influential supporter of an artist or writer

4

Relief

A sculptural surface which is not freestanding, but projects from a background

5

Contrapposto

Technique of sculpting a human figure in a pose that shows the weight of the body on balance
The shoulders and hips counterbalance each other

6

Foreground

Part of the picture plane that appears closest to the viewer
Usually at the bottom of a picture

7

Middle ground

An area in a picture between the foreground and the background

8

Background

Part of the picture plane that appears farthest from the viewer

9

Allegory/Allegorical

Symbolic of truths or generalization about the human nature

10

Still-Life

A group of inanimate objects arranged to be painted or drawn; also, a painting or drawing of such an arrangement

11

View Finder

A piece of paper or poster board with an area cut from the middle

12

Cupola

A rounded convex roof on a circular base
A dome of small size

13

Baptistery

An area in which the Sacrament of Baptism is administered, either within an area of a church or as a separate building

14

Fresco

A method of painting in which pigments suspended in water are applied to a thin layer of wet plaster so that the plaster absorbs the color and the painting becomes part of the wall

15

Free-Standing

Refers to sculpture that can be viewed from all sides/angles; also called in-the-round

16

Linear Perspective

A system of drawing or painting to give the illusion of depth on a flat surface
All parallel lines receding into the distance are drawn to one or more imaginary vanishing points on the horizon in such a work

17

Aerial Perspective

A method of creating the illusion of distance by representing objects further away with less clarity of contour and in diminished color
Also called "atmospheric perspective"

18

Portrait

The image of a person's face, made of any sculptural material or any two-dimensional medium

19

Landscape

A work of art that shows the features of the natural environment

20

Filippo Brunelleschi

Designed the "crown jewel" of the Florentine landscape, the CUPOLA

21

Cupola

140 feet in diameter
300 feet above the floor

22

Lorenzo Ghiberti

Designed the doors for the north side of the baptistry of Florence

23

Gates of Paradise

The doors that Ghiberti designed for the baptistry are called this
They use relief

24

Donatello

Greatest sculptor of his time

25

Medici

Donatello was closely intertwined with this family

26

What did "David" symbolize

The victory of the small and self-sufficient over the brute force of much larger opponents
God's victory over evil and sin

27

What is significant about David

First life-size free-standing nude since ancient times

28

Masaccio

Used light as never before seen in a painting

29

Tribute Money

done by Masaccio
three-part yet one painting (tells three parts of one whole story)

30

Fra Angelico

Florentine master of LANDSCPAE painting

31

Guido di Piero

Fra Angelico's real name

32

Fra Angelico

painted the "Adoration of the Magi" which is a fresco painting and "The Annunciation"

33

Paolo Uccello

Made a linear diagram of a 72-sided polyhedron-(solid form made of planes faces)

34

The Battle of San Romano

Shown in the museums
Ufizzi
Louvre
National

35

Peiro Della Francesca

Spent several years around 1439 in Florence studying the works of Massaccio, Fra Angelico, and Brunelleschi

36

Form from Massaccio
Light from Fra Angelico
Scientific Perspective from Brunelleschi

This is what Della Francesca learned from the three artists

37

Legend of the True Cross

Peiro painted this and it uses depth and precision

38

Sandro Botticelli

A master of delicate lines

39

Venus

Goddess of love

40

Spring

This symbolizes Christ, Baptism, and John the Baptist in "The Birth of Venus"

41

Andrea Mantegna

Master in FORM and ANATOMY

42

Dead Christ

Uses extreme foreshortening

43

Giovanni Bellini

Developed a richness of color and depth of value with OIL PAINTING unequaled in Italy at the time

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