geography 3RD 9 WEEKS EXAM Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in geography 3RD 9 WEEKS EXAM Deck (189):
0

What countries make up the UK

England
Scotland
Wales
Ireland

1

What are some examples of "important decisions" governments would make in a command economy

What products factories works manufacture
What crops farms would grow
What prices merchants would charge for goods

2

What are the 2 largest countries in Western Europe

France
Germany

3

What percent of these world's freshwater does Lake Baikal hold

20%

4

What countries in Northern Europe give families a yearly allowance to help them raise their kids

Sweden
Finland
Norway

5

Who refused to leave Eastern Europe until they did what

Soviet Union
Set up communists governments there

6

What are the 5 Nordic countries

Finland
Iceland
Norway
Denmark
Sweden

7

Who put an end to the rule of the Mongols in the 1500s

Ivan the Great

8

Who controlled the region of Russia and the republics until the 1500s

The Mongols from Mongolia

9

What is a democracy

Ruled by the people

10

The emperor of Russia prior to the Russian revolution of 1917 and the subsequent creation of the Soviet Union in 1922

Czar

11

What country is known for spending time in the Sauna

Finland

12

What happened in Eastern Europe that sparked WWI

A Serb assassinated an Austrian noble

13

What nations are less industrial than western and Northern Europe

Mediterranean

14

What did the tensions between the USA and Soviet Union result in

Cold War

15

A period when some Christians broke away from the Catholic Church and started Protestant churches

Reformation

16

What cities are included in the Northern European plain

Moscow
St. Petersburg
Kiev

17

What is better in the modern life of the people of Western Europe than the USA

Most people live in cities and have a high standard of living
Crime rates are lower than in the USA
Receive more paid vacation time

18

What was arranged in 1992 that stopped more people from being killed since thousands were already dead

United Nations ceasefire

19

A place where various cultures cross paths, many world powers have tried to control it

Cultural crossroads

20

Where does the Northern European plain stretch from

The western border of Russia to the Ural Mountains

21

How many time zones span through Europe and Asia

11

22

How many states was Ireland divided into and what were the names of them

2
Republic of Ireland
Northern Ireland

23

What place has the richest land, most people, and largest cities

Northern European Plain

24

What happened in 1878 in Yugoslavia

Serbia broke free from the Ottoman Empire; many Serbs wanted all the south Slavs to unite as one nation

25

Which famous composers are from Germany and Austria

Johann Sebastian Bach
Ludwig Von Beethoven
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

26

What is the currency used throughout most of Europe

Euro

27

Who invaded Yugoslavia during WWII

Germany
Italy

28

What mountain range separates the black and Caspian seas

Caucasus Mountains

29

What was the Velvet Revolution

The police used violence to stop a student-led pro-democracy protest

30

What did the communists call their organized imperial kingdom

Union of Soviet Socialists Republics (U.S.S.R.)

31

What is Russia's national drink

Vodka

32

What caused the allies to go to war with Hitler

Germany's invasion of Poland

33

How did Great Britain play a large role in the development of here modern world

Representative government
Initiating and spreading the industrial revolution

34

political unit made up of a city and it's surrounding lands

City-state

35

The belief that people should be loyal to their nation, the people with whom they share land, culture, and history

Nationalism

36

What percent of the world's timber resources do Russia and the republics hold

20%

37

Nations dominated by another country

Satellite nations

38

Who became dictator of Yugoslavia after the war and remained so until his death in 1980

Joseph Broz Tito

39

How many times bigger is the land area of Russia and the Republics than the USA

3

40

What customs and sports come from England

Afternoon tea
Rugby
Cricket
Cross

41

What countries are in Northern Europe

The UK
Ireland
Finland
Iceland
Norway
Denmark
Sweden

42

What was the largest and most powerful of the 15 republics

Russia

43

What ideas did the Magna Carta inspire

Trial by jury
No taxation without representation

44

Where did Peter the Great move the capital of Russia

St. Petersburg

45

Whom did the Serbs use violence to get rid of

Bosnia'a Muslims and Croats

46

How many deaths do historians estimate Stalin was responsible for

More than 14 million people

47

What countries make up the Baltic Republics and where is it located

Latvia
Lithuania
Estonia
Eastern coast of the Baltic Sea

48

What countries make up the Baltic Republics and where is it located

Latvia
Lithuania
Estonia
Eastern coast of the Baltic Sea

49

Who has the oldest parliament in the world and since what year have they been meeting

Iceland
930

50

Who filled the vacuum left by the downfall of Greece
They became a vast empire (eventually ruled by emperors) after the fall of the republic

Rome

51

When was the Magna Carta issued

1215

52

What Slavic nation wanted to free the slaves in Austria-Hungary

Serbia

53

What is abundant on the Northern European Plain

Chernozem

54

Which famous artist is from France

Claude Monet

55

What ultimately led to the rise of hitler in WWII

The allies won and imposed harsh penalties on Germany

56

Tensions between who led to the Cold War

USA
Soviet Union

57

What country in Mediterranean Europe is a leader in producing automobiles

Spain

58

What led to war in 1992 in Yugoslavia

Disagreement among ethnic groups over whether Bosnia and Herzegovina should become independent

59

What country in Mediterranean Europe is a major producer of clothing and shoes

Italy

60

The Caucasus mountains form the birder between what

Russia
Transcaucasia

61

Who was one of the leaders in the reformation movement in 1517

Martin Luther

62

What does "the sun never sets on the British empire" mean

They are in control of so much land that the sun is always shining down on a section

63

An enormous farm in the Soviet Union on which a large team of laborers were gathered to work together during Joseph Stalin's reign

Collective farm

64

Under the leadership of whom did Serbia look to expand

Slobodan Milosevic

65

The Russian people's anger with the czars resulted in what

The Russian Revolution of 1917

66

The hatred between what 2 groups broke out into all out war

Serb
Croat

67

What countries are in Western Europe

France
Germany
Switzerland
Austria

68

What became a region of satellite nations

Eastern Europe

69

What resources are abundant in Russia and the republics

Coal
Iron ore
Metals
Natural gas

70

What countries are located in Eastern Europe

Poland
Slovakia
Hungary
Czech Republic
Slovenia
Croatia
Romania
Bulgaria
Yugoslavia
Albania

71

What does Yugoslavia mean

Land of the south Slavs

72

Russia and the Republics are nearly what fraction of the Earth's land surface

1/6

73

How many regions were Russia and the republics divided into

15

74

What did Karl Marx believe

That capitalism would fail because it concentrated wealth in the hands of a few and left too many people in poverty

75

What happens as you move eat in northern Russia

Elevation rises

76

An economy in which the central government makes all the important decisions

Command economy

77

What percent of what place is made up of ethnic minorities

25% of London

78

Government in which citizens elect representatives to rule in their name

Republic

79

Who took control during the Russian revolution of 1917

The Russian communist government led by V.I.Lenin

80

What is the deepest lake in the world

Lake Baikal

81

What helped cause WWII in Western Europe

Nationalistic rivalries

82

How many species are unique to Lake Baikal

1200

83

Where do the Caucasus Mountains stretch

The land that separates the black and Caspian seas

84

Renewed interest in the learning and the arts from the 14th to 16ty centuries

Renaissance

85

What part of Ireland is still part of the UK

Northern Ireland

86

Where are many of the resources unfortunately located

Frigid arctic and subarctic region of Siberia

87

Who are the famous people from chapter 16

Feodor Dostoyevsky (Crime and Punishment writer)
Peter Tchaikovsky (composer)
Igor Stravinsky (composer)

88

What was one reform Mikhael made for Eastern Europe

More freedom

89

What is the system of government that took shape after Rome fell that allows powerful lords to rule the land

Feudalism

90

What countries are in Mediterranean Europe

France
Portugal
Spain
Italy

91

High-tech region of Scotland in the 1990s

Silicon Glen

92

What percent of Russia's river traffic does the Volga River carry

60%

93

What was Germany split into after it's defeat

East Germany
West Germany

94

Black topsoil

Chernozem

95

A region's distance from the moderating effects of the sea

Continentality

96

What famous writers have made a strong artistic influence on Northern Europe

William Shakespeare
James Joyce

97

When Russia finally began to industrialize, it resulted in what

Harsh working conditions
Low wages
Other hardships

98

Which country is known for the smorgasbord

Sweden

99

What was the first democracy

Athens, Greec

100

An enormous farm in the Soviet Union on which a large team of laborers were gathered to work together during Joseph Stalin's reign

Collective farm

101

Who moved the capital of Russia to become more industrialized

Peter the Great

102

When did Milosevic die

In 2006 in prison after being put on trial and arrested for war crimes

103

A series of wars between Christians and Muslims fighting over the holy land

Crusades

104

When did the crusades begin

Just before 1100

105

Who was the new Soviet Union leader by what year

Mikhael Gorbachev
Late 1980s

106

When did the Republic of Ireland gain it's independence

1921

107

Who installed pro-soviet governments in a Eastern Europe and why

The Russian leader Joseph Stalin because his armies had liberated them from Nazi Germany

108

When did the Bubonic Plague strike

Mid 1300s

109

Structures that carry water for long distances

Aqueducts

110

The communists had been inspired by whom

A German philosopher named Karl Marx

111

What was the result of many of the Croats cooperating with the Nazis

Manu Serbs and Jews were massacred

112

The emperor of Russia prior to the Russian revolution of 1917 and the subsequent creation of the Soviet Union in 1922

Czar

113

What ended the Cold War

The Soviet Union collapsed in 1991

114

What country in Mediterranean Europe is prolific in producing textiles

Portugal

115

What was the result of the ethnic cleansing in Yugoslavia

More than 200,000 people died
Over 2 million left their homes

116

Where are 2 of the largest lakes located

Central Asia

117

What are two of the largest seas located in Central Asia

Caspian Sea
Aral Sea

118

What republics are located in Transcaucasia

Armenia
Azerbaijan
Georgia

119

Where did the Velvet Revolution take place

Czechoslovakia

120

When did almost all of the British colonies gain their independence

After WWII

121

What dominated a large region in Eastern Europe after WWII

Soviet Union

122

What are the republics of Transcaucasia

Armenia
Azerbaijan
Georgia

123

A region known for frigid temperatures as well as it's many natural resources

Siberia

124

Many people of this ethnic group sided with Hitler and had Serbs and Jews killed during WWII

Croatians

125

What is the currency used through much of Europe today

Euro

126

Which of the following is Russia's present-capital city

Moscow

127

Which region of Europe has great diversity because of its history as a cultural crossroads

Eastern

128

No one has successfully invaded England on its own soil since who

William the Conqueror of the Normans in the 1000s

129

Does Great Britain still rule over many countries today

No

130

What do the Caucasus mountains form the border between

Russia
Transcaucasia

131

Who dominated the satellite nations of Eastern Europe following WWII

Soviet Union

132

In the 1980s, the city of Berlin was located where

East Germany

133

Where are the biggest cities found in Russia

Northern European plain

134

Mediterranean Europe is the only region of Europe not defined by a location
If it was it would be described as what

Southern Europe

135

The communist leader who kept Yugoslavia independent of Soviet Rule and managed to calm ethnic tensions

Josip Broz Tito

136

What ocean lies to the north of Russia and the republics

Arctic

137

Who never conquered the German territory

Rome

138

What are two sports that England is really known for

Rugby
Cricket

139

To eradicate a certain ethnic group using violence

Ethnic cleansing

140

What is the most likely religion of the people living in the Nordic countries

Protestant

141

The mountain range that separated the Northern European and West Siberian plain

Ural Mountains

142

The term used to describe a region's distance away from the moderating influence of the sea

Continentality

143

In the early 1900s, independence was declared by four of the six republics of what

Yugoslavia

144

What country is famous for its high-speed trains, high-fashion clothes, and gourmet foods

France

145

Western Europe is dominated by its largest nations of France and Germany
Another country in Western Europe is

Belgium

146

The country that was formed after England took over Wales, Soctland, and Ireland is called what

United Kingdom

147

The Northern European plain is located on which border of Russia

Western

148

What part of Europe has a national healthcare system

Northern

149

The oldest and deepest lake in the world

Lake Baikal

150

Great Britain played a large role in the development of the modern world through what

Representative government
Spreading the industrial revolution

151

What was the movement begun in the 1500s to correct problems in the Catholic Church

Reformation

152

What two religions were the Crusades fought between

Christian
Muslim

153

What is the place in Northern Europe with the greatest diversity

London, England

154

The longest river on the European continent

Volga

155

What country has the oldest parliament in the world

Iceland

156

After World War II, this country was divided into east and west, but in 1990, the two nations reunified into what nation called

Germany

157

How do the people feel under communism

Not empowered

158

Who are famous musicians from Germany and Austria

Bach
Beethoven
Mozart

159

Who were the Muslims from turkey who conquered part of Eastern Europe in the 1400s

Ottomans

160

What are three Russian republics that are not part of Transcaucasia

Ukraine
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan

161

What plain lies between the Ural Mountains and the Central Siberian Plateau

West Siberian Plain

162

What are the 2 dominant countries of Western Europe

France
Germany

163

Hitler's invasion of what country forced the allies to go to war

Poland

164

Serbia looked to expand its territory and seize territories that had large Serbian minorities in the

1990s

165

In the 1980s, the Soviet Union had a reasonable leader come to power who worked with The West much more than his predecessors had. Who was he

Mikhael Gorbachev

166

Who filled the void when the great power of Greece fell

Rome

167

Why do the countries in Northern Europe pay high taxes

They have social welfare programs

168

What were the Vikings the ancient inhabitants of

The Nordic countries

169

What was damages by efforts to use its waters for irrigation of nearby farms

Aral Sea

170

In what part of the region is the greatest concentration of cities

Western

171

Sweden, Denmark, and Iceland are part of Northern Europe, but more specifically they are part of what

The Nordic countries

172

Who was the Serbian leader that was arrested for war crimes and died in prison

Slobodan Milosevic

173

The period of renewed interest in learning and the arts, which began in Italy in the 14th century

Renaissance

174

The fertile soul found on the Northern European plain

Chernozem

175

Who had built a global empire by the 1800s

England

176

The term that is used to describe the permanently frozen subsoil in Siberia

Permafrost

177

What was the city-state that produced the first democracy

Athens

178

What was the official religion of the Roman Empire

Christianity

179

Did all of the countries avoid bloodshed when hey defeated communism

No

180

What part of Europe is still suffering today as a result of the communist regimes that ruled for so long

Eastern

181

Is the Magna Carta a Swedish document

No

182

One type of vegetation that is not found in Russia and the republics

Swamp

183

Would the Nordic countries, based on their location on the globe, do better in the summer or Winter Olympics

Winter

184

What would be found in a region that had undergone Balkanization

Several small, hostile states

185

What spread from Asia to Europe and caused the deaths of millions of people

Bubonic plague

186

The high-tech region known as Silicon Glen was located where

Northern Europe

187

The Volga river carries what percent of Russia's river traffic

60%

188

What does Yugoslavia mean

"Land of the South Slavs"

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