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Flashcards in Religion FINAL EXAM!!! Deck (162):
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Why did churst give us the sacraments

To enable us to share in his divine life and to assist us in reaching our heavenly home

1

What are the 7 sacraments

Baptism
Eucharist
Confirmation
Anointing of the Sick
Reconciliation
Matrimony
Holy Orders

2

What do the form and matter make up

They make up the substance of the sacrament

3

There was no need for the sacraments before what

Adam sinned

4

What are the 3 reasons God chose the sacraments

Man's human nature
Man's sinfulness
Man's inclinations

5

Each sacrament confers grace on us as long as

The recipient places no obstacles in the way

6

Enables us to share in God's life
Received in the sacraments

Sanctifying grace

7

Supernatural help from God to of good and avoid evil for the purpose of saving our souls
Received everyday to help avoid temptation

Actual grace

8

What 3 sacraments imprint an indelible mark on the soul which distinguishes the followers of Christ from others

Baptism
Confirmation
Holy Orders

9

What 2 sacraments do not require and ordained minister

Matrimony
Baptism

10

To confer the sacrament, what 4 things must the minster do

Intend the sacramental result
Use correct form
Use proper matter
Be free from mortal sin

11

What 2 sacraments do not require us to be free from mortal sin

Baptism
Reconciliation

12

Free and undeserved gifts from God that helps us to conform our lives to his will

Actual grace

13

Any thought, word, deed, or omission contrary to God's eternal law

Actual sin

14

What does actual sin presume

Knowledge of wrong-doing
Awareness of malice in one's conduct
Consent of the will

15

The words and signs that accompany a sacrament

Form

16

The part of the sacrament with which or to which something is done on order to confer grace

Matter

17

An efficacious sign of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted by the church, by which divine life is dispensed to us through the work of the holy spirit

Sacrament

18

Indelible mark imprinted on the soul at baptism, confirmation, and/or holy orders that gives the person a greater share in the priesthood of Christ

Sacramental Character

19

The grace which heals our human nature wounded by sin by giving us a share in the divine life of the Trinity
It is a habitual, supernatural gift which continues the work of sanctifying us - of making us perfect, holy, and Christ like

Sanctifying grace

20

When did baptism in the church begin

At Pentecost when Jesus commanded his apostles to go out and baptize all nations in the name of the father, the son, and the Holy Spirit

21

What does the baptized person receive

Removal of original and actual sin
Imprints indelible sign consecrating the person to Christian worship
Entry into the church
Confers sanctifying grace
Adoption by god as his child
Becomes a temple of the Holy Spirit
Actual grace
Theological virtues
Moral virtues
Entry into heaven after a life lived with Christ

22

What are the theological virtues

Faith
Hope
Charity (love)

23

What are the moral virtues

Prudence
Justice
Temperance
Fortitude

24

What are the 2 principal effects of baptism

Purification from sin
New birth in the holy spirit

25

Even after baptism, what consequences of sin remain

Suffering
Illness
Death

26

What kind of grace does baptism also confer

Actual grace which helps us to resist temptation to sin

27

What must be done to confer a valid baptism

In the name of the Trinity
With the intention of baptism
Use water

28

When do Catholics usually baptize
Why

We baptize infants as soon as possible after birth (usually one month)
In order to begin receiving the priceless gifts of baptism

29

Who is the ordinary minister of baptism

Bishop, priest, or deacon

30

What kind of baptism is necessary for salvation for those who have had the gospel preached to them and understand

Baptism by Water

31

What kind of baptism occurs when a person has NOT had the opportunity to be baptized by water and suffers death for the sake of Jesus

Baptism by Blood

32

What kind of baptism refers to the salvation of those who believe in a supreme being and strive to serve his as best they are able

Baptism of Desire

33

The first of the 7 sacraments, the door which gives access to the other sacraments

Baptism

34

Most often a person who presents a child at baptism (or anyone at confirmation) and professes faith in the child's name
This person acts as a proxy if anything happens to the parents
An of final representative of the community of faith

Sponsor

35

How does confirmation pass on the grace of Pentecost

Laying on of hands by the bishop
Anointing with chrism oil
The words "Be sealed with the gifts of the Holy Spirit"

36

What does the grace received in confirmation enable us to do

Spread and defend the teachings of Christ and the church
Then our mission is to to out and witness the faith to others

37

What was included in confirmation before Vatican II
Why

A light slap on the cheek
To remind the recipient that the service of Christ is difficult and calls for soldier lines

38

Confirmation gives us the spiritual strength to speak up for Christ and to defend his teachings regarding what

Abortion
Contraception
Divorce
Homosexuality

39

What does the word Christian mean

Anointed

40

What makes a connection between Baptism and Confirmation among the first elements of Christian instruction

The Letter to the Hebrews

41

What is used in the ceremony of the sacrament of confirmation
When is it consecrated

Chrism Oil
The Holy Thursday Chrism Mass every year in a diocese

42

When is Confirmation normally celebrated

Separately from baptism beginning with the Confirmandi renewing their baptismal promises and a profession of faith (recite the creed)

43

What must be done for the sacrament to be valid

The essential rite

44

What concludes the Rite

Sign of Peace

45

Who does the church recommend serve the role as sponsor

One of the godparents

46

What are the effects of confirmation

Baptismal grace is increased and deepened
An indelible mark is imprinted on the soul
Person is rooted more deeply as a child of the father
Person is united more closely to Christ
Gifts of the Holy Spirit increase

47

What are the gifts of the Holy Spirit

Wisdom
Understanding
Counsel (right judgement)
Fortitude
Knowledge
Piety
Fear of The Lord (wonder and awe)

48

Symbol of the Holy Spirit, whose anointing of Jesus as messiah fulfilled the prophecies of the Old Testament
Christ (in Hebrew, Messiah) means "anointed one"
Sacramental sign of confirmation, anointing of the sick, and holy orders

Anointing

49

Perfumed oil, consecrated by the bishop, which signifies the gift of the Holy Spirit
Used for consecration in the sacrament of baptism, confirmation, and holy orders

Chrism

50

One of the sacraments of initiation
Completes the grace of baptism by a special outpouring of the gifts of the Holy Spirit

Confirmation

51

The 50th day at the end of the 7 weeks following Passover (or Easter)
At the first, the Holy Spirit was manifested, given and communicated to the church, fulfilling the paschal mystery of the church

Pentecost

52

What is the source and summit of Christian life

The Eucharist

53

The Eucharist is truly what

Christ

54

What is the most important Jewish feast day
Jesus chose this time to give his body and blood to his disciples

Passover

55

When did Jesus institute the new Passover

At the Last Supper

56

Why did jesus institute the Eucharist

As a pledge of his love
As a way of remaining with us forever
As a memorial of his death and resurrection
To make us sharers in his Passover, through which man is spared God's wrath

57

Why is the Eucharist at the center of catholicism

Because the sacrifice of Christ allows men to be saved

58

Who was the Old Testament priest who was the first to offer bread and wine to God foreshadowing the sacrifice of Christ

Melchizedech (Mel-keys-a-deck)

59

What happens when the priest says the words of consecration over the bread and wine

By the power of the Holy Spirit acting through Jesus, the bread and wine is changed into the body and blood of Christ

60

The recipient of the Eucharist must

Be a baptized catholic
Have attained the age of reason (usually 7 years old)
Have received 1st reconciliation prior to 1st reception of Eucharist
Fast from all food and drink (except water or medicine) for 1 hour prior
Have no mortal sin present on your soul

61

What is it a serious sin of to receive the Eucharist in the state of mortal sin
St. Paul warns us against this in 1 Corinthians 11:27-29

Sacrilege

62

How does the Eucharist bless those who regularly receive it

Stabilizes and increases the intimate union with Christ
Reinforces the unity of the church as the mystical body of Christ
Removes venial sins
Preserves from grave sin
Diminishes sinful love of self
Strengthens against temptation
Decreases purgatorial debt
Reduces the drives of concupiscence

63

Inclination to sin

Concupiscence

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Profaning sacred persons or sacred things

Sacrilege

65

Who have been given the power to say the mass and consecrate the bread and wine into the body and blood of Jesus Christ

Validly ordained bishops and priests

66

Where does the basic outline of the Eucharistic celebration go back

The writings of St. Justin Martyr in the year 155 with two basic divisions

67

What are the two basic divisions of the Eucharistic celebration

Liturgy of the Word
Liturgy of the Eucharist

68

Latin for "to bless"

Benediction

69

The acknowledgement of God as God, Creator and Savior, The Lord and Master of everything that exists though worship and prayer

Adoration

70

A prayer invoking God's power and care upon some person, place, thing, or undertaking
This acknowledges God as the source of all blessing

Benediction

71

The dedication of a thing or person to divine service by a prayer or blessing

Consecration

72

The ritual, sacramental action of thanksgiving to god which constitutes the principal Christian liturgical celebration of communion in the paschal mystery of Christ

Eucharist

73

The scholastic term used to designate the unique change of the entire substance of the Eucharistic bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ

Transubstantiation

74

A conversion of the heart toward God and away from sin

Interior penance

75

Fasting
Prayer
Almsgiving

Exterior

76

Why did God give us Penance

Baptism didn't destroy our concupiscence
It is a spiritual healing to remove sin when we fall into it as often as we need it

77

Whom did Christ entrust the ministry of reconciliation to

The Church

78

Who is empowered to administer reconciliation

Bishops
Priests

79

What are 6 points to a good confession

Examination of conscience
Sorrow for sin
Resolve to avoid sin in the future
Confession of sins
Act of contrition
Do assigned peace

80

When we are sorry for our sins because of a love for God above all else

Perfect contrition

81

We are sorry for our sins because we fear hell or fear other penalties

Imperfect contrition

82

When should mortal sins be confessed

As soon as possible after committing

83

When should venial sins be confessed

They are not required to be confesed, but the church does recommend a monthly confession

84

The interior voice of god in all of us which moves a person to do good and avoid evil

Conscience

85

What is right conscience formed from

The bible
The teachings of the church
Human reason

86

The first sin of adam

Original sin

87

Sin committed personally

Actual sin

88

Harms the spiritual relationship between god and man
Can lead to mortal sin

Venial sin

89

Serious sin that completely breaks the relationship between God and man

Mortal sin

90

What three conditions must exist for a mortal sin

Grave or serious matter
Full knowledge that it will separate you from god
Complete consent (you choose to do it anyway)

91

An act in which someone breaks a law of God or the Church intentionally by doing a forbidden act

Sin of commission

92

Refusing to do an act that us required such as Sunday mass

Sin of omission

93

The purification that is required of a soul before man can enter heaven either here or in purgatory for sins committed

Temporal punishment

94

What can release a man from temporal punishment

Indulgences

95

The remission granted by the church of the temporal punishment for a sin that has already been forgiven through confession

Indulgence

96

This sacrament helps to heal the ill person physically, or it gives grace to accept God's will and die and die a good death

Anointing of the Sick

97

What are 2 reasons Christ healed people

To demonstrate that he was the messiah
Out of compassion for those who were suffering

98

Who administers Anointing of the Sick

Priest or bishop

99

What are the principal elements of anointing of the sick

Laying on of hands
Prayer said over the person
Anoint the forehead and hands with chrism oil (blessed olive oil)

100

What sacrament should be received before Anointing of the Sick

Penance

101

Latin for "traveling provisions" also "food for the journey"

Viaticum

102

What does Anointing of the Sick give the sick person

The grace to ensure that they accept what God has permitted and the power to resist the devil as they face passage from this world to the next

103

When should Anointing of the Sick be anointed

A life-threatening or grave disease
The person is about to undergo a serious surgery
The person is of advanced age
A fatal illness has become more serious

104

Can anointing of the sick be repeated

Yes

105

What must the person have been if unconscious or in a coma and needs to receive Anointing of the Sick

Baptized

106

The church teaches that sickness and suffering are a result of what

Original sin and our fallen nature

107

By doing what can we imitate Jesus who accepted suffering for our salvation

Accosting suffering for the well-being of others and helping spread the grace of God

108

What is a requirement of our faith

Caring for the sick and suffering

109

The loving kindness, mercy, or forbearance shown to your neighbor, especially to the needy

Compassion

110

A radical reorientation of the whole life away from sin and evil, and toward God
A central element of Christ's preaching

Conversion

111

A morbid condition characterized by the accumulation of watery fluid in the connective tissue of the body

Dropsy

112

The suffering and death of Jesus

Passion

113

Pertaining to the salvation of souks
Freedoms from attachment, enjoying the vision of a God, consummating our happiness

Salvific

114

The Eucharist received by a dying person

Viaticum

115

What 2 reasons does the sacrament of matrimony join a man and woman in a covenant of life

The good of the spouses
Procreation and education of children

116

In 2 Corinthians, St. Paul speaks of couples who are what
This indicates what

Unequally yoked
That couples of mixed marriage should address certain challenges before the wedding

117

When/where does the celebration normally take place

Mass

118

What does the minster act as during matrimony

The church's witness

119

What does the couple agree to in matrimony

A permanent, indissoluble union
Openness to having children and raising them in the Catholic faith

120

The role of the priest or the deacon in the marriage process includes

Guide the couple through the marriage preparation process
Serving as the official witness for the church

121

What does "free" mean

Not being under constraint
Not impeded by any natural or church law

122

Who are the 3 parties in a marriage

Couple
God

123

What can add strength to the marriage and can only be practices between husband and wife because it involves the total person

Conjugal love

124

The first place chicken will receive instruction in the life of God

The family

125

What is best in cases of physical abuse or drug or alcohol addiction

That the couple separated temporarily until counseling can be obtained

126

What are 6 sins against marriage

Contraception
Adultery
Divorce
Polygamy
Trail marriage
Concubinage

127

Marital infedility, or intimate relations between two partners, at least one of whom is married to another party

Adultery

128

The love of a married couple
Ultimate love coming not only from the senses, but primarily from the spirit and is such one that desire children

Conjugal love

129

A marriage in which the spouses have engaged together in the conjugal act that is apt for the generation of offspring

Consummated marriage

130

The use of mechanical, chemical, medial, or physical procedures to prevent contraception from taking place

Contraception

131

Legal agreement enforceable by law

Contract

132

Indissoluble union held together by God's grace

Convenant

133

A dissolution of the marriage bond recognized by the civil authority but not by the church
The church cannot separate what God has joined together

Divorce

134

An ancient expression for the family, recognizing the parents as the first heralds of the faith to their children

Domestic church

135

Incapable of being erased, destroyed, or removed

Indissoluble

136

When a man and a woman, of their own free will in an irrevocable covenant, mutually give and accept each other

Matrimonial consent

137

Describes a marriage between a catholic and a non-catholic Christian

Mixed marriage

138

The creation of new life through the marriage act in cooperation with God's design and in response to their vocation

Procreation

139

A covenant or partnership of life between a man and a woman which is ordered to the well-being of the spouses

Matrimony

140

The practice of having more than one wife at the same time

Polygamy

141

The sacrament that Jesus gave the church to pass on the ministries of deacon, priest, and bishop until the end of time

Holy Orders

142

Was was the command from Jesus to celebrate the Eucharist

"Do this in remembrance of me." Luke 22:19

143

Why was the sacrament of holy orders set up by Christ

To provide ministers of service to his people

144

They ordain priests, deacons, and bishops
They are successors of the apostles
They are members of the college of bishops that has the pope at its head
They lead the local churches which make up a diocese

Bishops

145

They assist and obey the orders of the Bishop
Often care for communities of the faithful, and administer all the sacraments including confirmation

Priests

146

Minsters of the gospel but cannot consecrate the Eucharist or hear confession
They are ordained to perform acts of service and charity

Deacons

147

Who is the minster of holy orders

A validly ordained bishop who can trace his authority back to the Apostles in an unbroken line of succession

148

A bishop who is head of a province (more than one diocese)

Archbishop

149

What is the highest act of the office of priest

Saying Mass

150

What can deacons do

Assist in the celebration of the sacraments
Distribute holy communion
Bless marriages
Proclaim the gospel
Preside over funerals and baptism

151

What can't a deacon do

Hear confessions
Consecrate the Eucharist
Get married after being ordained a deacon (if they are married heifer they're ordained it's okay)

152

What is the form of holy orders
What is the matter

Consecration prayer
Laying on of hands and blessing with chrism oil

153

To receive the sacrament of holy orders, a person must be

Baptized male of excellent character
Have an interior and exterior call
Have necessary knowledge of the nature of holy orders
Be the proper age - 24 years
Commit to lifelong celibacy
Study theology and be otherwise trained for the proper office

154

Why do Bishops receive the fullness of orders

They are in the line of succession of the apostles

155

Why can't holy order people get married

It allows the priest to dedicate his mind, his heart, and his time entirety and directly to the service of God and his fellow man

156

Who are co-workers with the bishop

Priests

157

Who are minsters of tasks of service

Deacons

158

A bishop that the pope appoints as a consultant
The ones that are less than 80years old are responsible for electing the pope

Cardinal

159

All bishops in communion with the pope

Episcopal church

160

The rite of the sacrament of holy orders by which the bishop, through the imposition of hands and the prayer of consecration, confers the order of bishop, priest, or deacon to exercise a sacred power which comes from Christ on behalf of the church

Ordination

161

One of the 3 degrees of try sacraments of holy orders
The other 2 degrees are the diaconate (deacons) and the episcopate (bishops)

Presbyterate (priesthood)

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