Health 3RD NINE WEEKS EXAM Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Health 3RD NINE WEEKS EXAM Deck (154):
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the overall well-being of your body, your mind, and your relationships with other people

Health

1

The number of years a person can expect to live

Life expectancy

2

The degree of overall satisfaction that a person gets from life

Quality of life

3

How well your body functions : diet, regular exercise, adequate sleep, medical and dental care

Physical health

4

The state of being comfortable with yourself, with others, and with your surroundings : mind is alert, can learn from your mistakes, and recognize your achievements

Mental health

5

How you react to events in your life: happy when the feelings you experience are appropriate responses to events

Emotional health

6

How well you get along with others : how well you get along with people, loving relationships, understanding the rights if others, excepting health

Social health

7

All the traits that are passed biologically from parent to child

Hereditary

8

What are 2 examples of heredity

Skin color
Breast cancer

9

The physical and social conditions that surround a person and can influence that person's health including your outdoor and indoor surroundings

Physical environment

10

What are two examples of a physical environment

Air we breathe
Water we drink

11

The people you spend time with - your family, friends, classmates, and other people in your community

Social environment

12

What are 2 examples of social environment

Teammates
Friends

13

The beliefs and patterns of behavior that are shared by a group of people and passes from generation from generation

Culture

14

What are 2 examples of culture

Stories passed down
Food

15

Forms of communication that provide news and entertainment

Media

16

What are two examples of media

Television
Magazines

17

Computers, machines, websites, and social media that can all have negative or positive effects on someone's health

Technology

18

What are two examples of technology

Instagram
MRI machines

19

The medical services provided by doctors, nurses, dentists, therapists, and the places they work : need health insurance so you can afford the necessary treatments

Healthcare

20

What are two examples of healthcare

Dental clean
Mammograms

21

The decisions you make and the actions you take : a habit is a behavior that is represented so often that it becomes almost automatic

Behavior

22

What are two examples or behavior

Biting your nails
Brushing your teeth

23

What are the 8 influences on health

Hereditary
Physical environment
Social environment
Culture
Media
Technology
Healthcare
Behavior

24

Any action to condition that increases the likelihood of injury, disease, or other negative outcome

Risk factor

25

What are three ways you can evaluate a risk factor

Consider short and long term consequences
Analyze possible benefits and risks of the decision
Decide whether or not you can control it

26

What does the first D in DECIDE stand for

Define the problem

27

What does the first E in DECIDE stand for

Explore the alternatives

28

What does the C in DECIDE stand for

Consider the consequences

29

What does the I in DECIDE stand for

Identify your values

30

What does the second D in DECIDE stand for

Decide and act

31

What does the second E in DECIDE stand for

Evaluate the results

32

Taking action to avoid disease, injury, and other negative health outcomes

Prevention

33

The standards and beliefs that are most important to you

Values

34

A series of specific steps you can take to achieve the goal

Action plane

35

Using communication to influence and support others in making positive health decisions

Advocacy

36

The ability to gather, understand, and use health information to improve his or her health

Health literacy

37

What are 3 steps you can take to help meet your personal health goals

Gaining awareness
Gaining knowledge
Building skills

38

Being able to recognize a health problem
Step one to help meet your personal health goals

Gaining awareness

39

Learn about the problem and how it can be prevented or treated and possible risk factors
Step two to help meet your personal health goals

Gaining knowledge

40

Apply skills to knowledge then take action to create healthy habits
Step three to help meet your person health goals

Building skills

41

What are the 7 ways you can build health skills

Analyzing influences
Accessing information
Communicating
Making decisions
Setting goals
Practicing healthful behaviors
Advocacy

42

This is important because to promote health you need to recognize the influence culture, media, and friends have on your health habits

Analyzing influences

43

this is important because you need to know how to find and evaluate health information

Accessing information

44

This way to build health skills is important because it helps you maintain close relationships, resolve conflicts, and show charming and respect for others by expressing your feelings

Communicating

45

This way to build health skills is important because it teaches you to identify your alternatives, think about the possible outcomes of a decision, and consider your values

Making decisions

46

This way to build health skills is important because you need to maintain healthy life-long behaviors and reduce risky ones

Practicing healthful behaviors

47

This way to build health skills is important because the goals you set help you translate knowledge into behavior and action

Setting goals

48

This way to build health skills is important because it can help you influence others to make positive health decisions

Advocacy

49

The behaviors, attitudes, feelings, and ways of thinking that make you an individual

Personality

50

Person who studies how people think, feel, and behave

Psychologist

51

When children copy the behaviors of others

Modeling

52

Friends who are about the same age and share similar interests

Peer group

53

An individual's sense of self

Identity

54

What are five central traits to describe how people behave, relate to others, and react to change?

Extroversion
Agreeableness
Conscientiousness
Emotional stability
Openness to experiences

55

How much you like being with other people
Outgoing
Talkative
Sociable

Extroversion

56

Your tendency to relate to other people in a friendly way
Cooperative
Good-natured
Forgiving

Agreeableness

57

How responsible and self-disciplined you are
Dependable
Male good decisions
Organized
Deliberate

Conscientiousness

58

Tendency to be relaxed, secure, and calm even during difficult situations
Focus on the positive side of things

Emotional stability

59

Tendency to be curious, imaginative, and creative
has a wide range of interests and may be less predictable

Openness to experiences

60

Personality traits are influenced by what 2 things

Heredity
Environment (family, friends, culture)

61

What are the 8 stages of personality development

Develop trust
Learn to be independent
Take initiative
Develop skill
Search for identity
Establish intimacy
Create and nurture
Look back with acceptance

62

The needs for that person are cared for and met; if the needs are not met they will develop distrust

Develop trust

63

What age range is develop trust

Birth - 18months

64

Learning to do things on your own and gaining control; fall true can result in self doubt
Second stage of personality development

Learn to be independent

65

What age range is learn to be independent

18 months - 3 years

66

Start to plan your own activities and learning right and wrong; they may feel unworthy if they are harshly scolded
Third stage of personality development

Take initiative

67

What age range is take initiative

3-6years

68

Children learning skills they will need as adults; without these skills they will feel like a failure
Fourth step of personality development

Develop skills

69

What age range is develop skill

6-12 years

70

Questioning who you are and what you want to do with your life; leads teens to try good/bad new things

Search for identity

71

What age range is search for identity

12-20 years

72

Establishing close bonds with others; learn to make commitments to other people
Sixth step of personality development

Establish intimacy

73

What age range is establish intimacy

20-40 years

74

Staying productive and creative in all aspects of life; get satisfaction helping young people learn to grow
Seventh step of personality development

Create and nurture

75

What age range is create and nurture

40-65 years

76

Reflect on your life and the choices you've made; some will accept the choices while some will regret them
Eighth step of personality development

Look back with acceptance

77

What age range is look back with acceptance

65+ years

78

How much you respect yourself and like yourself

Self-esteem

79

The process by which people achieve their full potential

Self actualization

80

Moslow's pyramid that explains that before people can achieve self actualization, their basic needs must be met

Hierarchy of needs

81

What are the basic needs

Physical needs
Safety
Belonging
Esteem

82

What are some of the benefits of having high self esteem

Accept yourself for who you are
Have realistic view of yourself
Maintain a positive attitude
Form close relationships

83

What are some of the risks of having low self esteem

Fears keep them from trying new things
See success as luck and not work
Don't respect themselves
Judge themselves harshly
Put on an act to impress others and hide their insecurities

84

What are 7 ways you can maintain and achieve high self esteem

Make a list of strengths and weaknesses
Set ambitious, but realistic, goals for yourself
Do not be too hard on yourself
Rely on your values
Learn to accept compliments
Look beyond your own concerns
Do not focus too much on appearance

85

Learn to focus on your strengths and things you do well
One way you can maintain and achieve high self esteem

Make a lost of your strengths and weaknesses

86

Develop a plan and achieve your goal then congratulate yourself
One way you can maintain and achieve high self esteem

Set ambitious, but realistic, goals for yourself

87

Figure out what went wrong and move on; try to learn something positive
One way you can maintain and achieve high self esteem

Do not be too hard on yourself

88

Don't do things just to go along with the crowd
One way you can maintain and achieve high self esteem

Rely on your values

89

Still try to distinguish insincere ones from genuine ones
One way you can maintain and achieve high self esteem

Learn to accept compliments

90

Do something more for others
One way you can maintain and achieve high self esteem

Look beyond your own concerns

91

Stay well-groomed but don't make it your number one priority
One way you can maintain and achieve high self esteem

Do not focus too much on appearance

92

What are on the levels of Moslow's Hierarchy of Needs pyramid going from top to bottom

Self actualization
Esteem
Belonging
Safety
Physical needs

93

What are 8 personality traits of self-actualized people

Realistic and accepting
Independnt, self-sufficient
Appreciative of life
Concerned about humankind
Capable of loving others
Fair, unprejudiced
Creative and hard-working
Not afraid to be different

94

A reaction to a situation that involves your mind, body, and behavior

Emotion

95

Expressed by people in all cultures

Primary emotions

96

Period of deep sorrow

Grief

97

Depends on the social environment in which a person grows up

Learned emotions

98

Way of dealing with an uncomfortable and unbearable feeling or situation

Coping strategy

99

Coping strategies that helps protect a person from difficult feelings

Defense mechanisms

100

What is the first most importsnt, first step to dealing with your emotions in a healthful way

Recognize your emotions

101

How are some coping strategies helpful

They can improve a situation and allow the person to handle it well

102

How are some coping strategies harmful

They make the situation worse and a person can't handle the situation

103

What are some examples of defense mechanisms

Denial
Compensation
Rationalization
Reaction formation
Projection
Regression

104

Refusing to recognize an emotion or problem
An example of a defense mechanism

Denial

105

Making up for weaknesses in one area by excelling in another area
An example of a defense mechanism

Compensation

106

Making excuses for actions or feelings
An example of a defense mechanism

Rationalism

107

Behaving in a way opposite to the way you feel
An example of a defense mechanism

Reaction formation

108

Putting your own faults onto another person
An example of a defense mechanism

Projection

109

Returning to immature behaviors to express emotions
An example of a defense mechanism

Regression

110

An illness that affects the mind and reduces a person's ability to function, to adjust to change, or to get along with others

Mental disorder

111

Fear caused by a source you cannot identify to a source that doesn't pose as much a threat as you think

Anxiety

112

When the anxiety persists for a long time and interferes with daily living

Anxiety disorder

113

Anxiety that is related to a specific situation or object

Phobia

114

Am unwanted thought or image that takes control of the mind

Obsession

115

An unreasonable need to behave on a certain way to prevent a feared outcome

Compulsion

116

Extreme emotions that make it difficult to function well in their daily lives

Mood disorder

117

Emotional state in which a person feels extremely sad and hopeless

Depression

118

Several disturbances in thinking, mood, awareness, and behavior; means "split mind"; the person is separated/split from reality

Schizophrenia

119

Rigid pattern of behavior that makes it difficult for them to get along with others

Personality disorder

120

What are the 4 causes of mental disorders

Physical factors
Heredity
Early experiences
Recent experiences

121

Damage to the brain may be caused by a mental disorder
One of the causes of mental disorders

Physical factors

122

May inherit a tendency toward a mental disorder
One of the causes of mental disorders

Heredity

123

Extremely negative experiences that happen early in life and can lead to mental illness
One of the causes of mental disorders

Early experiences

124

Similar to early experiences but more likely than early experiences to trigger a mental disorder
One of the causes of mental disorders

Recent experiences

125

What are the 4 types of anxiety disorders

Phobias
Panic attacks
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

126

Anxiety that is related to a specific situation or object
One type of anxiety disorder

Phobias

127

An intense fear accompanied by a string desire
One type of anxiety disorder

Panic attacks

128

An unwanted take over of the mind and an unreasonable need to behave a certain way
One type of anxiety disorder

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

129

Flashbacks or nightmares that produce intense fear or horror
One type of anxiety disorder

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

130

What are the 4 types of mental disorders

Mood disorders
Schizophrenia
Impulse-control disorder
Personality disorders

131

Experience extreme emotions that make it difficult to function well in their daily lives
A type of mental disorder

Mood disorder

132

Severe disturbances in thinking, mood, awareness, and behavior
Their mind is split/separated from reality
A type of mental disorder

Schizophrenia

133

Cannot resist the impulse, or drive, to act in a way that is harmful to themselves or to others
A type of mental disorder

Impulse-control disorder

134

Display rigid patterns of behavior that make it difficult for them to get along with others
A type of mental disorder

Personality disorder

135

A mental disorder that reveals itself through abnormal behaviors to food

Eating disorder

136

A person who doesnt eat enough food to maintain a healthy body weight

Anorexia nervosa

137

What are the symptoms of anorexia

Extreme weight loss
Slowed heart and breathing rates
Dry skin
Lowered body temperature
Growth of fine body hair

138

Does anorexia cause people to over eat or under eat

Under eat

139

What are some health risks of anorexia

View themselves as fat and work hard to lose weight
Use exercise or diet pills to help lose weight
Starve to death
Lack of minerals makes their heart still suddenly

140

What are the possible causes of anorexia

Low self esteem
Strong desire to please others
Lack of a chemical that regulates mood
A history of troubled relationships

141

Do people with anorexia have control over this eating disorder

No

142

What are some signs of bulimia

Unable to control binge eating
Eating too much too quickly
Eating in private
Cycles of weight gain and loss
Bathroom visits right after eating
Hoarding or storing

143

What may the people who have bulimia suffer from

Dehydration
Kidney damage
Lack of necessary vitamins and minerals

144

What do people who have bulimia do

Go on uncontrollable eating binges followed by purging the food from their biodiesel

145

What does purging mean

Removing

146

What do people who have bulimia use binge eating for

To feel better emotionally

147

How do people with bulimia act

Depressed
Suicidal

148

Uncontrollable urge to ear large amounts of food without purging

Binge eating

149

True or False
people with binge eating disorder know when to stop eating when they are full

False

150

True or False
Diets make people with this disorder want to eat more; therefore, triggering more of the disorder

True

151

True or False
Eating with this disorder leads to emotions that help them feel better about themselves

False

152

What are the 2 main physical risks of binge eating

Excessive weight gain
Unhealthy dieting

153

Name 3 reasons people use binge eating

Difficult emotions
Dealing with anger
Anxiety/stressful situations

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