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Flashcards in geography MIDTERM Deck (84):
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What is the largest continent

Asia

1

What is the smallest continent

Australia

2

What are the seven continents

Asia
Europe
Africa
North America
South America
Australia
Antarctica

3

What kind of map displays elevation with different colors

Physical map

4

What kind of map displays countries or states with different colors

Political map

5

what kind of lines run north and south but measure east and west
Another name for them is meridians

Longitude lines

6

What lines run east and west but measure north and south
Another name for them is parallels

Latitude

7

What is the imaginary line that separates the earth into Southern and Northern hemispheres

Equator

8

What is the imaginary line that separates the earth into Eastern and Western hemispheres

Prime meridian

9

What is the name for a way to locate a certain place using longitude and latitude lines, addresses, streets, etc.

Absolute location

10

What is a way to locate a certain place using another place nearby in relation to the place you are looking for

Relative location

11

What are the four important map elements

Title
Scale
Legend/key
Scale

12

What are the five major oceans

Pacific
Atlantic
Arctic
Indian
Southern

13

What are the five themes of geography

MRHELP
Movement
Region
Human-Environment Interaction
Location
Place

14

What percent of North America do the United States and Canada make up

4/5 or 80%

15

What percent of the United States' population is Native American

1%

16

What percent of Canada's population is Native American

3%

17

What are Canada and the United States sometimes referred to as because both were once colonies of Britain and both groups of citizens largely speak English

Anglo-America

18

What climates are shared by the United States and Canada

They both have moderate climates -- an example is humid continental

19

What is different about the climates in the United States and Canada

The United States has much more natural disasters
Much of the US is milder, drier, and even more topical because we are South of 40° latitude

20

What are the four regions of the United States

South
Midwest
West
Northeast

21

What region is located along the equator and receives 100+ inches of rain per year

Tropical wet

22

What region is located along the equator on outer edges of Tropical Wet regions
They have two seasons: Summer (wet); Winter (dry)

Tropical wet and dry

23

What region is the transition between wet and dry regions
Sometimes, not very often, they get rain
Long droughts

Semi-arid

24

What region is located along 30 degree latitude lines
Cold water currents force dry air over land

Desert

25

What region is located between 30 and 45 degrees latitude
WEST side of continents
Mild weather (no extreme) due to ocean currents

Mediterranean

26

What region is located on the west-coast, mid-latitude
Influenced by the presence of mountains

Marine west coast

27

What region is located on east coasts between 20 and 30 degrees latitude
Minimal temperature change

Humid subtropical

28

What region is located in the interior of continents between 40 and 60 degrees latitude
4 seasons, drastic temperature changes
20-50 inches of precipitation.

Humid continental

29

What region is located in interior at high altitudes
Long extremely cold winters & short cool summer

Subarctic

30

What region is located along the Arctic Ocean
Some places in this region never thaw

Tundra

31

What region is located near the poles

Ice Cap

32

What region is usually found in mountain areas or plateau areas
Their temperature depends on elevation - warm to cold

Highlands

33

Where is Canada ranked in terms of largest land masses in the world

2nd

34

Where is the United States ranked in terms of largest land masses on the world

3rd

35

What are the territories of the United States

Puerto Rico
Northern Mariana Islands
Virgin Islands
American Samoa
Guam

36

How many provinces does Canada have

Three

37

What are the provinces of Canada

Alberta
British Columbia
Manitoba
New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nova Scotia
Ontario
Prince Edward Island
Quebec
Saskatchewan

38

What makes up the pacific subregion of Canada

British Columbia
Yukon Territory
Northwest Territories
Nunavut

39

What are the Everglades

a huge swampland in Florida that covers about 4,000 square miles

40

What do you call a person who is of French-Canadian and Native American history

Métis

41

What is Canada's westernmost province that is located within the Rocky Mountain range

British Columbia

42

What kind of government does Canada have

Parliamentary government

43

What is a parliamentary government

legislative and executive functions are combined in a legislature called Parliament

44

Who is the head of government; the majority party's leader in government

Prime Minister

45

What is the capital of Canada

Ottawa

46

Where does Latin America span from

It spans from the Mexico's southernmost border to Tiero del Fuego

47

What mountain range is part of a large chain that spans from the United States to Mexico

Rockies

48

What are the Andes Mountains called in the United States

Rockies

49

What are the Andes Mountains called in Mexico

Sierra Madre

50

What is the mist famous river system in Latin America

The Amazon

51

How much water does the Amazon river carry to the ocean

More than the next 7 largest rivers combined

52

Which regions make up the Greater Antilles Islands

Cuba
Puerto Rica

53

What is the capital city of Brazil

Brasilia

54

What is the economic heart and the biggest city on Brazil

São Paulo

55

What is the cultural city of Brazil

Rio de Janeiro

56

What is an ancient technique for growing crops on hillsides or mountain slopes using step-like horizontal fields cut into the slopes

Terraced farming

57

What consists of the basic support systems needed to keep an economy going, including power, communications, transportation, water, sanitation, and education systems
The more sophisticated this is, the more developed the country is

Infrastructure

58

What are areas of grasslands and rich soil found in South-Central America

Pampas

59

What are the reasons people might migrate called
One of them is a reason to move to another place and one is a reason to leave the place you are in

Push and pull factors

60

What is Brazil rich in because of it's many rivers and other waterways

Hydroelectric power

61

What was signed in order to divide South America between Portugal and Spain

Treaty of Tordesillas

62

What are savannas with flat terrain and moderate rainfall that make them suitable for farming

Cerrado

63

What is the music that carnival takes place to

Samba

64

What is the most colorful feast day in Brazil
It is like Mardi Gras in Louisiana

Carnival

65

What is a military dictator or political boss called
Support for them usually comes from the military or the rich people

Caudillo

66

What is a government run by generals after a military takeover

Junta

67

What is it called whenever the climate of a place ch ages over time
It used to be called global warming

Climate change

68

What is the process of breaking up large landholdings and giving portions to peasants to farm

Land reform

69

What do they call it whenever an organization agrees to pay off a certain amount of government debt in return for the government protection of a certain rain forest

Debt-for-nature swap

70

What is the variety of organisms within an ecosystem

Biodiversity

71

What is the government that is ruled by the few, the rich, and the military
The leader of this is the caudillo

Oligarchy

72

What is the cutting down and clearing away of trees and forests called

Deforestation

73

Who was the leader that lead soldiers into Mexico and claimed land for Spain

Hernando Cortez

74

Who is the current president of Mexico

Enrique Nieto

75

What island did not receive full independence from Great Britain until 1962
This country is one that the majority language is English

Jamaica

76

What island has a majority language of Spanish
Achieved independence form Spain in 1898
Largest of the Caribbean islands with a population of about 11 million

Cuba

77

What is the Hispaniola island country that the slave revolt began in
In the 18th century, they were a French colony with a good sugar industry
By 1804, they achieved independence form Spain
Voodoo is practiced h

Haiti

78

What is practiced on the island of Haiti and involves spirits
We also have this in New Orleans

Voodoo

79

This is the movement for political and religious freedom that originated in Haiti

Rastafarian

80

What is an important trade agreement creating a huge zone of cooperation on trade and economic issues in North America

NAFTA
North American Free Trade Agreement

81

What percentage of Canadians have no religious affiliations

16%

82

What are the regions of Latin America

Spanish-speaking South America
Mexico
Central America
Brazil

83

What is life like in Latin America today

There is a large income gap in Latin America and the poor are not able to live their lives as fully as those who are rich

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