Art History "Prehistoric" Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Art History "Prehistoric" Deck (38):
0

15000s

The first pictures and sculptures were made around ... BC

1

Old Stone Age

Period prior to 10,000BC

2

Hunters and artists

Two occupations during the old Stone Age

3

Africa
Spain
France

Most cave paintings are found in

4

Ingenuity and creativity

Prehistoric man used his ......... to make tools from available materials

5

Light

For ... he used a hallowed out stone or bone, with a wick made of moss and animal fat for fuel.

6

Drawing

For ... he used he used chunks of red and yellow OCHER (clay colored by iron oxide) which he ground and mixed with animal fat to make paint

7

Brushes

These were likely the beaten ends of sticks, moss, and hair

8

Bones

Cave dwellers also probably used these hollowed out things like a primitive airbrush and stencils made of animal hide

9

Palette

Used flat stone or bone for this

10

Carvings

They used sharpened stones and flints to make these

11

One on top the other

How animals are often drawn and this indicates that the cave dwellers didn't think they were important once finished

12

Altamira, Spain

This is where the first cave paintings were found. They were found in 1870

13

Lascaux, France

This is where the next cave painting site was. (1940)

14

Accidentally by children playing or exploring

How both of those caves were found

15

Venus of Willendorf

This painting was found in Australia and is said to be 25,000 years old

16

Neolithic Era

Another name for The New Stone Age

17

Jericho

This was the world's earliest stone fortification

18

Stonehenge

• cromlech
• used as a place of worship connected with the sun & a calendar
• located in England on the Salisbury Plains

19

Post and Lintel

The construction method Stonehenge used to be built

20

Mesopotamia

A great civilization rose up here and these people were called Sumerians

21

Ziggurats

Huge mountains of earth faced with mud-brick and fired brick

22

Tower of Babel

- most famous ziggurat
- was meant to be able to touch heaven

23

Eyes

The Sumerians emphasized these on their sculptures because they believed them to be the windows to the soul

24

Hammurabi

- first ruler of Babylon
- inscribed rules on a black basalt stele

25

Assyrians

Who took over Mesopotamia and expanded their control as far away as Egypt

26

Persians

These people remained in power until Alexander The Great toppled them

27

Stylization

The simplification and eliminate unnecessary details

28

Profile

A view from the side

29

Earth colors

Red
Yellow
Brown
Violet

30

Architecture

The art and science of designing and erecting buildings

31

Cromlech

A circle of monoliths, usually enclosing a type of altar
Stones arranged in a circle

32

Palette

A board or flat surface on which a painter places (and mixes) the supply of paint to be used

33

Figurative

Works using the human figure as subject matter

34

Cella

The main rectangular room of a temple containing the image of a god, goddess, or cult deity

35

Low relief

A surface that has only slight variations between the highest and lowest parts

36

Lintel

Horizontal elements used in construction

37

Stele

An upright slab bearing sculptured art, printed designs, or inscriptions

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