Music App 3RD NINE WEEKS EXAM Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Music App 3RD NINE WEEKS EXAM Deck (200):
0

How high or low a sound is

Pitch

1

What are some high instruments

Clarinet
Flute
Guitar
Harmonica
Saxophone
Oboe

2

What are some low instruments

Trombone
Tuba
Bass guitar
French horn
Euphonium
Bassoon

3

Is a treble clef high or low

High

4

Is a bass clef high or low

Low

5

How fast or slow a piece is

Tempo

6

Getting slower

Ritardando

7

Getting faster

Accelerando

8

How long or short sounds or silences are

Rhythm

9

What note has 4 clicks

Whole note

10

What note has 2 clicks

Half note

11

What note has 1 click

Quarter note

12

What note has 1/2 click

Eighth note

13

What note has 1/4 click

Sixteenth note

14

How loud or soft music is

Dynamics

15

Very, very soft

Pianississimo

16

Very, very loud

fortississimo

17

Gradually getting louder

Crescendo

18

Gradually getting softer

Diminuendo

19

Rhythm and pitch combined

Melody

20

When more than one pitch is played at the same time

Harmony

21

How many sounds

Texture

22

Single melodic line

Monophonic

23

More than one voice part

Polyphonic

24

Single melodic line with chordal accompaniment

Homophonic

25

When performers sing/play the same melody but in their own way

Heterophony

26

Musical plan/how it's divided

Structure

27

AB structure

Binary

28

ABA structure

Ternary

29

ABACA structure

Rondo

30

Verse/Chorus structure

Pop song

31

How each instrument/voice sounds

Timbre

32

Four voice types

Soprano
Alto
Tenor
Bass

33

Types of music

Style

34

What family does the violin belong to

String

35

How do string instruments produce sound

Bow
Strike
Pluck

36

How do you produce different notes on string instruments

Lengthening or shortening the strings

37

What family does the viola belong to

String

38

What family does the cello belong to

String

39

What family does the double bass belong to

String

40

What family does the flute belong to

Woodwind

41

How does a woodwind instrument make sound

Blowing over the hole/vibrating the reed

42

How are different notes produced on woodwind instruments

Covering different holes and pressing combinations of keys

43

How many reeds does an oboe have

2

44

What family does the oboe belong to

Woodwind

45

What family does the bassoon belong to

Woodwind

46

How many reeds does a bassoon have

1

47

How many reeds does a clarinet have

1

48

What family does the clarinet belong to

Woodwind

49

What family does the saxophone belong to

Woodwind

50

How many reeds does a saxophone have

1

51

What family does the trumpet belong to

Brass

52

How do brass instruments produce notes

Buzz lips against mouthpiece

53

How do brass instruments produce different notes

Pressing valves and different combination of valves
Move the slide in different positions

54

What family does the French horn belong to

Brass

55

What family does the trombone belong to

Brass

56

What family does the euphonium belong to

Brass

57

What family does the tuba belong to

Brass

58

What family does the snare drum belong to

Percussion

59

How does the snare drum produce sound

Hit drumsticks against the head and snares vibrate

60

How does a snare drum produce different sounds

Hit with or without snares
Hitting the rim

61

What family does the marimba belong to

Percussion

62

How does a marimba produce sound

Hitting the keys/bars

63

How does a marimba produce different sounds

Hit different keys
Where you hit the instrument itself

64

What family does soprano belong to

Vocal

65

What family does alto belong to

Vocal

66

What family does tenor belong to

Vocal

67

What family does bass belong to

Vocal

68

What is the highest female voice

Soprano

69

What is the deepest female voice

Alto

70

What is the highest male voice

Tenor

71

What is the lowest male voice

Bass

72

How big the difference is between the high and low points of the waves

Amplitude

73

Loudness/softness of a note

Dynamic level

74

How often one wave peak goes by

Frequency

75

Difference between high and low points and produces a loud note

High amplitude

76

Lots of short waves and produces high notes

High frequency

77

Wave in the same direction they are moving

Longitudinal waves

78

Small differences between high and low points and produces a soft note

Low amplitude

79

Very few long waves and produces low notes

Low frequency

80

Waves in the air caused by vibrations
Produces sound

Sound waves

81

Wave in a different direction than they are moving

Transverse waves

82

Distance from the high point of one wave to the next one

Wavelength

83

Sounds that are mixtures of all the different wavelengths

White noise

84

How is a soft note produced

Low amplitude

85

How is a loud note produced

High amplitude

86

How is a high note produced

High frequency

87

How is a low note produced

Low frequency
Few waves

88

How is amplitude measured

Decibels

89

What is another name for amplitude

Ah

90

How do scientists measure how many wave peaks go by in one second

Hertz

91

What is another name for frequency

Pitch

92

What do we call sounds that are organized by people

Music

93

What is the Italian word for loud

Forte

94

What is the Italian work for soft

Piano

95

How are sound waves and water waves different

Sound waves are longitudinal
Water waves are transverse

96

What are the names of the 3 bones in the ear

Hammer
Anvil
Stirrup

97

Why can't sound travel through empty space

The waves need a medium to travel through

98

What happens from the time sound waves enter your ears to the time the signal gets to your brain

The ear turns the signals in the wave into electrical nerve signals sent to your brain

99

What makes up your outer ear

Auditory canal --> ear drum

100

What makes up the middle part of your ear

Hammer
Anvil
Stirrup

101

What makes up the inner part of your ear

Cochlea
Corti
Auditory nerve
Brain

102

What is the path of sound waves from outer to inner ear

Auditory canal --> ear drum
Hammer --> anvil --> stirrup
Cochlea --> auditory nerve --> brain

103

A style of "art" music as distinguished from folk, jazz, or popular music

Classical

104

The customs, ideas, tastes, and beliefs acquired from a person's background

Culture

105

Making up music on the spot

Improvisation

106

A popular style of music that developed in America during the late 1800s and the early 1900s

Jazz

107

The distinct manner or character of musical expression

Musical style

108

The ability to discern musical characteristics and describe them

Perceptive listening

109

Who were the 2 classical composers listed in this chapter

Franz Joseph Hayden
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

110

Who made the first recording of authentic jazz

Louis Armstrong

111

Who started out as a classical musician but switched to jazz music

Wynton Marsalis

112

Who was the teacher of Louis Armstrong

Joseph "King" Oliver

113

Who is known as one of the greatest jazz singers of all time

Ella Fitzgerald

114

What are the characteristics of jazz music

Exuberant spirit
Improvisation
Simple
Heartfelt
Dancelike
Rhythmic

115

Name the places where jazz music developed

New York
Chicago
Kansas City
East Texas
New Orleans

116

What are the 3 internal characteristics of music

Means
Expression
Order

117

What are the 2 external characteristics of music

Origin
Use

118

Why is America known as the "melting pot"

Immigrants came to America from everywhere
We mix with people everyday who come from different cultures than we do

119

The quality of sound

Timbre

120

Scientists who study characteristics and customs of a group of people

Anthropologist

121

Professionals who study the music of different cultural groups

Enthomusicologist

122

The ability to look at the world from another's perspective; becoming familiar with and understanding music of other cultures gives us an understanding of someone else's viewpoint

Empathy

123

Warrior dance with great rhythmic energy and subtly expressed bravery, vitality, and brotherhood
From the Bamileke tribe
Celebrated ability and skill in battle, self-confidence, and manliness

Lali

124

Mixed culture

Mestizo

125

Mexican musical group with several violins, 2 trumpets, a bass guitar called a guitarron, a short 5 string rhythm guitar called a vihuela, and a 6 string guitar

Mariachi

126

Chinese style of opera that combines an orchestra with speaking, singing, acrobatic martial arts, and pantomime

Peking opera

127

Bass guitar from Mexico

Guitarron

128

Small 2-stringed bowed lute from China

Jinghu

129

A thin guitar from Mexico

Jarana

130

35-string harp from Mexico

Arpa

131

Round plucked lute from China

Yuegin

132

Large 2-stringed lute from China

Jing Erhu

133

Short 5-string rhythm guitar from Mexico

Vihuela

134

Four-string guitar from Mexico

Requinto jarocho

135

How do we become acquainted with the unwritten cultural traditions of other societies

Field recordings done by anthropologists

136

Which tribe is associated with the Lali

Bamileke

137

What are songs from the country in Mexico called

Cancion ranchera

138

What is the most well-known sons jaliscienses

La Negra "The Dark Woman"

139

What are traditional songs of Mexico called

Sones jarochos

140

What is one of the most famous sons jarochos

"La Bamba"

141

Where do the stories in the Peking Opera come from

Chinese history or folklore

142

What types of actors were in the cast

Ancient bearded men
Flirtatious girls
Women warriors
Generals and kings are presented in a larger-than-life manner
Clowns were portrayed as common people

143

How were the singers accompanied in the operas

String instruments:
Jinghu
Jing erhu
Yuegin

144

What string instrument accompanied the males in the operas

Jinghu

145

What string instrument accompanied the females in the operas

Jing erhu

146

What string instrument accompanied both the males and females in the operas

Yuegin

147

What accompanied the movements in the operas

Cymbals
Gongs
Bright sounding drum
Wood clapper

148

Where did the ensemble sit

On stage, in full view of the audience

149

What were the different parts that made up the operas

Speaking
Singing
Acrobatic martial arts
Pantomime

150

Describe how the Peking opera is different from the western opera

The Peking opera has a shrill tone quality and a higher vocal range

151

Without instruments

A cappella

152

Non-religious vocal works in several parts

Madrigal

153

Traveling poet-musician in Germany

Minnesinger

154

Markings over or under the text to signal pitch changes

Neumes

155

A compositional method in which 2 voice parts sing the same melody, one a perfect fourth or fifth higher than the other

Parallel organum

156

Music with no strict meter or accompaniment
Sung by a single voice or unison choir

Plainsong
(Also known as plainchant)

157

Written notation

Score

158

Non-religious

Secular

159

Based on verses from the bible (religious)

Sacred

160

Traveling poet-musicians from southern France

Troubadour

161

Traveling poet-musicians from northern France

Trouvere

162

A Benedictine monk who devised the first true system of staff notation
Based on a four-line staff

Guido of Arezzo

163

One of the most famous composers of the medieval era
First documented woman composer
Composed sacred music only for women

Hildegard Von Bingen

164

What role did the church play during the Medieval era

They assumed leadership roles in everything from politics to the arts
It's music was the foundation for western music
Biggest influence on daily life

165

What was the difference between secular and sacred music

Sacred was based on bible verses and had only voices
Secular is not religious and had voices and instruments

166

List the 6 periods of music and gives the dates for each period

Medieval : 450-1450
Renaissance : 1450-1600
Baroque : 1600-1750
Classical : 1750-1825
Romantic : 1825-1900
Modern : 1900-present

167

What are the music characteristics of the Medieval era

Sacred
Plainsong
Monophonic
Heterophonic
Polyphonic

168

Who are the composers of the Medieval era

Hildegard Von Bingen
Guillaume de Machaut
John Dunstable
Phillipe de Vitry
Guillaume Dufay

169

Independent musical lines

counterpoint

170

Placing emphasis on human values

Humanism

171

Non-religious work sung in several parts

Madrigal

172

A polyphonic work based on a sacred text

Motet

173

Someone who supports an artist or musician so that they can work at their craft

Patron

174

Means "re-birth"
Revival of the study of the Classical Greek & Roman eras

Renaissance

175

The sound of the music portrayed the meaning of the text

Word painting

176

What are the 5 parts of the mass

Gloria
Kyrie
Sanctus
Credo
Angus Dei

177

What was the main difference between the music of the Medieval era and the Renaissance era

Secular music joined sacred music
Instrumental music joined music

178

What nationality was Thomas Weelkes and what type of music did he write

English
Sacred, secular, and known for his madrigals

179

What nationality was Michael Praetorius and what type of music did he write

German
Sacred hymns, motets, and songs
Secular madrigals, songs, and dancing pieces

180

Who are the famous composers from the Renaissance period

Michael Praetorius
Thomas Weelkes
Josquin des Prez
Giovanni da Palestrina
William Byrd
Thomas Morley
Giovanni Gabrielli

181

What are the musical characteristics of the Renaissance period

Polyphony
Counterpoint

182

What are the types of music during the Renaissance period

Mass
Motet
Madrigals

183

Basic emotional states

Affections

184

A section in a piece of music

Movement

185

Play set to music and staged with orchestra

Opera

186

An instrumental work for a solo instrument performing alone or with accompaniment, in 3 contrasting movements, such as fast-slow-fast or loud-soft-loud

Sonata

187

Layered dynamic levels

Terraces dynamics

188

Accompaniment would consist of a harpsichord sounding the chords and a viola da gamba reinforcing the bass line

Continuo

189

Where does the term "Baroque" come from

A French word for "imperfect" or "irregular" pearl
Means an extravagant style

190

What 2 words describe Baroque architecture and music

Exuberant
Emotional

191

How were Baroque characteristics shown in the music

Repetitive
Embellishment/ornamentation
Terraced dynamics
Basic emotional states
Instrumental music became more important

192

What are the 4 affections mentioned in the Baroque section

Love
Sorrow
Fear
Anger

193

What types of music started to become more prominent and important in the Baroque era

Secular
Instrumental

194

What were some new forms of music during the Baroque era

Sonata
Cantatas
Oratorios
Opera

195

A way of speaking musically
Combination of singing and speaking
Events of the story were told through these

Recitative

196

Marks a pause in the storytelling while a character reacts to events

Aria

197

In what year did opera make its debut

1600

198

How many of Monteverdi's operas still exist today

3

199

Who are the composers from the Baroque era

Johann Sebastian Bach
George Frederic Handel
Antonio Vivaldi
Claudio Monteverdi
Domenico Scarlatti

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