Religion 3RD NINE WEEKS EXAM Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Religion 3RD NINE WEEKS EXAM Deck (149):
0

what Latin word is the word sacrament derived from and what does it mean

sacramentum
the initiation oath of solders into the roman army

1

Efficacious (effective) signs of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the church, by which divine life is dispensed to us

Sacraments

2

Why did Christ give us the sacraments

to enable us to share his divine life and to assist us in reaching heavenly home

3

What are the seven sacraments in order

Baptism
Eucharist
Confirmation
Anointing of the Sick
Reconciliation
Matrimony
Holy Orders

4

What are the 3 divine calls associated with the sacraments

A call to personal holiness
A call to worship
A call to correct moral attitude

5

What is the key that opens the door to all other sacraments

The church

6

What are the only signs that cause what they signify

Sacraments

7

The ritual use of certain things (water, bread, wine, oil) in the liturgical action

Sign

8

What makes up the substance of the sacrament

Matter
Form

9

What did God choose the sacraments after the Fall of Adam and Eve

He chose them as means for us to attain our salvation through sensible signs

10

What are three reasons God chose to give us the sacraments

Man's human nature
Man's sinfulness
Man's inclinations

11

How is each minister acting, regardless of his own sinfulness

In Persona Christi (person of Christ)

12

Each sacraments confers grace on us as long as the recipient doesn't what

Place any obstacles in the way

13

How does God give us a share in his own divine life

Through the sacraments

14

What kind of grace is received everyday

Actual grace

15

What 3 sacraments imprint an indelible mark on the soul which distinguishes the followers of Christ from others

Baptism
Confirmation
Holy Orders

16

Who is the true minister of the sacraments

Christ

17

What 2 sacraments do not require an ordained minster

Baptism
Matrimony

18

What must the minster do to confer the sacrament

Intend the sacramental result
Use correct form
Use proper matter
Be free from mortal sin

19

What happens if a priest with mortal sin confers the sacrament

The sacrament is still valid but he commits another sin

20

What 2 sacraments do not require the recipients to be free from mortal sin

Baptism
Reconciliation

21

What does receiving the sacraments regularly help us to do

Be Christ to others

22

Free and undeserved gifts from God that helps is to conform our lives to his will

Actual grace

23

Any thought, word, deed, or omission contrary to God's eternal law
A genuine offense against God

Actual sin

24

What does sin presume

Knowledge of wrong-doing
Awareness of malice in one's conduct
Consent of the will

25

Bishop, priest, or deacon who presides at a liturgical function

Celebrant

26

Human appetites or desires which remain disordered due to the temporal consequences or original sin, which remain even after baptism, and which produce an inclination to sin

Concupiscence

27

The words and signs that accompany a sacrament

Form

28

The pray of the sacrament with which or to which something is done in order to confer grace
Ex) water in baptism, bread and wine in the eucharist, chrism in confirmation

Matter

29

That quality or assemblage of qualities which makes a person what he is, as distinct from other persons

Personality

30

An efficacious sign of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted by the church, by which divine life is dispensed to us through the work of the Holy Spirit

Sacrament

31

Indelible mark imprinted on the soul at baptism, confirmation, and/or holy orders that gives the person a greater share in the priesthood of Christ

Sacramental character

32

Sacraments used to restore our bodies and souls in Christ's work of healing and salvation

Sacraments of healing

33

What are the sacraments of healing

Penance
Anointing of the Sick

34

Lay the foundation of every Christian life in a way similar to natural life: born anew in baptism, strengthened in confirmation, given food of eternal life in the Eucharist

Sacraments of initiation

35

Sacraments directed toward the salvation of others, conferring a particular mission in the church and serving to build up the people of god

Sacraments at service of communion

36

The grace which heals out human nature wounded by sin by giving us a share in the divine life of the Trinity
It is a habitual, supernatural gift which continues the work of making us perfect, holy, and Christ-like

Sanctifying grace

37

When baptism calls each recipient to a lifelong holiness to accomplish a mission known to God, which will be worked out over a lifetime
One of the three divine calls of the sacraments

Call to personal holiness

38

A crucial aspect if this call is to worship God as his church indicates, in order to acquire the graces necessary to accomplish the call
One of the three divine calls of the sacraments

Call to worship

39

The moral teachings of the church instruct the baptized do the will of Christ concerning their moral choices
One of the three divine calls of the sacraments

Call to correct moral attitude

40

What is the inheritor and guarantor of our eternal life

The church

41

Why do we say that sacramental signs cause what they signify

A sacrament is a sign of a sacred act or thing
All other signs merely point to something else but do not cause anything

42

What was the sign of God's covenant in the Old Testament

The act of circumcision

43

Why do we say that sacraments have a social value

They enable us to live in community with charity towards all while binding every member of the the community to one another to the extent that each cooperated with them

44

What are the effects of sanctifying grace recorded in baptism

In enables us to share in God's life, to become temples of the Trinity, adopted sons and friends of god, and heirs to heaven, able to preform acts that will merit us eternal life in heaven

45

From whom did we revive original sin

Adam and Eve

46

What are 3 effects of sacramental signs

Configure us to Christ
Distinguishes us perpetually from those who do not have the sign
Disposes us to cooperate with grace

47

What is the memory verse for chapter 10

Matthew 28:19
Go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the father, and of the son, and of the Holy Spirit

48

What is the sacrament of initiation that joins a person to Christ's Church

Baptism

49

What does Baptism confer that is needed to get to heaven

Sanctifying grace

50

What does baptism cleanse the recipient of

All sin

51

What are some instances where water held significance in salvation history

Genesis
Noah & the Flood
Israelites & the Red Sea
Jews crossing Jordan River into the Promised Land
Jesus' own baptism in the Jordan River

52

When did baptism in the church begin

Pentecost

53

What does baptism make possible

A life with God

54

What does a baptized person receive

Removal of original and actual sin (if present)
Imprints indelible sign consecrating the person to Christian worship
Entry into the church - the mystical body of Christ
Confers sanctifying grace - a share in God's own life
Adoption by God as his child
Becomes a temple of the Holy Spirit to worship God as he desires
Actual grace - assistance from God to resist sin
Theological virtues
Moral virtues
Entry into heaven after a life lived with Christ

55

What are the theological virtues

Faith
Hope
Charity (love)

56

What are the moral virtues

Prudence
Justice
Temperance
Fortitude

57

What are the 2 principle effects of baptism

Purification from sin
New birth in the Holy Spirit

58

What are the consequences of sin that remain even after baptism

Suffering
Illness
Death

59

What must one do to confer a valid baptism

In the name of the Trinity
With the intention of baptism
Use water

60

What does the baptismal rite consist of

Celebrant males sign of the cross on the person's head-belongs to Christ

61

Why does the church baptize infants as soon as possible after birth (usually one month)

In order to begin receiving the priceless gifts of baptism

62

How many sponsors does baptism require

2 OR 1 sponsor and 1 Christian witness

63

What does a sponsor promise to do

Ensure that the newly baptized lives the faith in case of the parents' death
The parents' failure to nurture the faith

64

What requirements must a sponsor reach

Baptized catholic
Have received the sacraments of initiation
15 years of age or older
Live the faith seriously (practicing catholic)

65

Baptized non-catholic Christian who attests to the occurrence of the baptism
They are not expected to ensure the faith of the newly baptized

Christian witness

66

Who is the ordinary minster of baptism

Bishop
Priest
Deacon

67

Anyone can baptize in an emergency as long as

Their intent is to baptize
They pour water
They baptize in the name of the Trinity

68

How many times can baptism be administered and why

Once
Because it leaves a permanent mark

69

We are called to hold the leaders of the church in what

Respect
Affection

70

What is the first of the three sacraments of initiation

Baptism

71

What does baptism grant us

The needed grace to enter heaven

72

The first of the seven sacraments, and the door which gives us access to the other sacraments
First and chief sacrament if forgiveness of sins because it unites us with Christ

Baptism

73

What kind of sin does baptism remove and to whom

Personal and original
Believers

74

Those who suffer death for the sake of the faith without having received baptism are baptized by their death for and with Christ

Baptism of blood

75

For those who believe in a supreme being and strive to serve as best they are able, who die before their baptism, their explicit desire to receive it, together with repentance for their sins, and charity, assured them the salvation that they were not able to receive through the sacrament

Baptism of desire

76

A person preparing to receive the sacrament of baptism

Catechumen

77

The formation of persons in preparation for the Christian initiation; aims at bringing their conversation and their faith to maturity within the ecclesial community

Catechumenate

78

The unity in Christ of all the redeemed, those on earth and those who have died; it has also been interpreted to refer unity in the holy things (communio sanctorum), especially the unity of faith and charity through the Eucharist

Communion of saints

79

Another name for the sacrament of baptism because in baptism, those who receive this chatechetical instruction are enlightened in their understanding; the person baptized has been "enlightened", he becomes a "son of light", and he becomes "light"

Enlightenment

80

The public and authoritative act of the church to protect or liberate a person or object from the power of the devil in the name of Christ
Ex) demonic possession

Exorcism

81

To give up something to which a person has a claim
Everyone must renounce sin and those creatures that are proximate occasions to sin
This includes Satan at baptism

Renunciation

82

Diverse liturgical traditions in which the one catholic and apostolic faith has come to be expressed and celebrate in various cultures and lands

Rite

83

Permanent mark given to the soul at the sacraments of baptism, confirmation, and holy orders, designating one as a follower of Christ

Seal

84

Most often a person who presents a child at baptism (or anyone at confirmation) and professes faith in the child's name; this person acts as a proxy if anything happens to the parents; an official representative of the community of faith

Sponsor

85

The form used in the sacrament of baptism : "I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Spn, and of the Holy Spirit"

Trinitarian formula

86

What are the 3 effects of baptism

Entry into paradise after a life loved with Christ
Entry into Christ's mystical body the church
You become a temple of the Holy Spirit capable of worshipping god as he desires

87

What must be done and said for a sacramental baptism to take place

Water is poured over the recipient 3 timed or they are submerged
The administer must say "I baptize you in the name of the father, and of the son, and of the Holy Spirit"

88

Who commanded that the church baptize

Jesus

89

Can someone who has not received the sacrament of baptism get into heaven

No because baptism is necessary for salvation

90

How does baptism join people together? What is this union called

A baptized person is made a me,ever if the church established by Christ
It's called the mystical body of Christ

91

How does the sacrament of confirmation pass on the grace of Pentecost

Laying on of hands by the bishop
Anointing with chrism oil
The words "be sealed with the gifts of the Holy Spirit"

92

What does the grace received in confirmation enable us to do

Spread and defend the teachings of Christ and the church

93

What is a confirmed Catholic's mission

Go out and witness their faith to others

94

What does confirmation give us the spiritual strength to do

Speak up for Christ and to defend his teachings regarding abortion, contraception, divorce, and homosexuality

95

What does the word Christian mean

Anointed

96

What does the letter to the Hebrews make a connection between

Baptism and confirmation among the first lee tens of Christian instruction

97

What is the oil used in the ceremony of confirmation called

Chrism oil

98

When is chrism oil consecrated

The Holy Thursday chrism mass every year in a diocese

99

What does confirmation normally begin with

The confirmandi renewing their baptismal promises and a profession of faith

100

What is the profession of faith used in confirmation

The Creed

101

What must be done for confirmation to be valid

The essential rite

102

What concludes the rite of confirmation

The sign of peace

103

What happens when adults are in need of the sacraments

They are 1st baptized into the faith immediately followed by 1st Eucharist and confirmation

104

Who can receive confirmation

Any baptized person

105

What sacrament completes baptism

Confirmation

106

Who determines the age at which people can receive confirmation

The bishop of the diocese

107

What requirements must candidates for confirmation fulfill

Be in a state of grace
Reached the age of reason
Make a profession of faith
State their intention to receive the sacrament
Accept their obligation to profess Christ in both the church and the world

108

Who does the church recommend serve the role as sponsor for confirmation

One of the godparents

109

Confirmation is the full outpouring of what

The Holy Spirit as was given to he apostles at Pentecost

110

When did confirmation begin

Pentecost

111

Why is confirmation done only once

It imprints an indelible mark on the soul

112

What are the effects of confirmation

Baptismal grace is increased and deepened
An indelible mark is imprinted on the soul
Person is rooted more deeply as a child of the father
Person is united more closely to Christ
Gifts of the Holy Spirit increase
Person's bond with the church is perfected
Graces conferred enable you to defend the faith by word and deed
Person is enables to confess Christ boldly and never be ashamed if the cross

113

What are the gifts of the Holy Spirit

Wisdom
Understanding
Counsel
Fortitude
Knowledge
Piety
Fear of The Lord (wonder and awe)

114

What do the graces of confirmation prepare us to practice

The apostolate - which is evangelizing those around us for christ

115

Who is the usual minister of confirmation

The bishop of the diocese

116

When may a priest confer confirmation

The bishop gives his permission
Someone is near death
Adult confirmands

117

Symbol of the Holy Spirit, whose anointing of Jesus as Messiah fulfilled the prophecies of the Old Testament

Anointing

118

What does Christ (in Hebrew, Messiah) mean

Anointed one

119

What sacraments are anointing the sacramental sign of

Confirmation
Anointing of the Sick
Holy Orders

120

The activity of the Christian which fulfills the apostolic nature of that whole church by working to extend the reign of Christ to the entire world

Apostolate

121

Person preparing to receive the sacrament of confirmation

Confirmand

122

One of the sacraments of initiation; completes the grace of baptism by a special outpouring of the gifts of the Holy Spirit, which seal or confirm the baptized in union with Christ and equips then for worship and apostolic life in the church

Confirmation

123

One of the four cardinal moral virtues which ensures firmness in difficulties and constancy in doing the good; also one of the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit

Courage

124

One's acceptance by God as a child of God, a consoling mystery bringing one a spirit of sincerity and trust while filling us with love and wonder; see the parable of the Prodigal Son (Luke 15:11-32)

Divine Filiation

125

The 50th day at the end of the 7 weeks following Passover (or Easter)
At the first one, the Holy Spirit was manifested, given and communicated to the church, fulfilling the paschal mystery of the church

Pentecost

126

An attraction, either from outside oneself or from within, to act contrary to right reason and the commandments of God. Jesus himself during his life on earth was tempted, put to the test, to manifest the opposition between himself and the devil

Temptation

127

Describe the change in the members of the early church which occurred after they received the fullness of the grace of the Holy Spirit

They became brave individuals, unafraid to stand up for the new faith
They receives gifts that strengthened the individuals and the church

128

How are these graces of confirmation received today

It begins with baptism then is strengthened by the laying-on of hands, the anointing of oil, and the saying of the words "be sealed with the gifts of the Holy Spirit"

129

Confirmation perfects the grace of Baptism through the action of which divine person

Holy Spirit

130

What does confirmation give us the strength to do

To serve the church, in order that we may be enables to bring not only ourselves but others to god
To spread and defend the teachings of Christ and the church

131

What are the other 2 sacraments to which the sacrament of confirmation is linked
Why

Baptism and Eucharist
Because they remind us of the unity of Christian initiation

132

What word are said during the laying-on of hands in the rite of confirmation

"Be sealed with the gifts of the Holy Spirit"

133

Why is the bishop the ordinary minister if confirmation

It is a sign of the union between the individual members of the faithful and their particular bishop
The bishop can give the priest responsibility in extreme situations

134

The acknowledgement of God as God, Creator and Savior, The Lord and Master of everything that exists through worship and prayer

Adoration

135

A prayer invoking God's power and care upon some person, place, thing, or undertaking
The prayer acknowledges God as the source of all blessing

Benediction

136

the reception of the body and blood of Christ in the Eucharist; more generally, our fellowship and union with Jesus and other baptized Christians in the church, which has its source and summit in the celebration of the Eucharist

Communion

137

The dedication of a thing or person to divine service by a prayer or blessing

Consecration

138

The ritual, sacramental action of thanksgiving to god which constitutes the principal Christian liturgical celebration of and communion in the paschal mystery of Christ; traditionally known as the holy Sacrifice of the mass

Eucharist

139

The real, true, and substantial existence of both Christ's divinity and humanity in the humanity in the Holy Eucharist, under the appearance of mere bread and wine

Sacramental presence

140

Conscious burning desire to receive Holy Communion when unable to do so physically

Spiritual communion

141

The receptacle in the church in which the consecrated Eucharist is reserved for communion for the sick and dying

Tabernacle

142

The scholastic term used to designate the unique change of the entire substance of the Eucharist bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ

Transubstantiation

143

How can it be known that Christ was not speaking symbolically or metaphorically when he taught the crowd to eat his flesh and drink his blood if they wanted eternal life?

When they started to doubt him, he still continued and provoked them even when they started to leave also
He said flesh and blood over and over again
He said "feed on me"
Even though they all left except for the 12, he did not stop the, because he knew they couldn't accept the belief

143

How can it be known that Christ was not speaking symbolically or metaphorically when he taught the crowd to eat his flesh and drink his blood if they wanted eternal life?

When they started to doubt him, he still continued and provoked them even when they started to leave also
He said flesh and blood over and over again
He said "feed on me"
Even though they all left except for the 12, he did not stop the, because he knew they couldn't accept the belief

144

What did some of his disciples do?

They left and only the 12 apostles stayed.

144

What did some of his disciples do?

They left and only the 12 apostles stayed.

145

How did this passage change or convict you in your own faith life? Explain.

I think what Jesus said is true that he is present. Jesus was not a liar and even though I don't believe some things, I do believe in this. I didn't really think much about him actually being present in the Eucharist but this passage really opened my eyes.

145

How did this passage change or convict you in your own faith life? Explain.

I think what Jesus said is true that he is present. Jesus was not a liar and even though I don't believe some things, I do believe in this. I didn't really think much about him actually being present in the Eucharist but this passage really opened my eyes.

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