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Flashcards in Health Ch22 Deck (26):
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Any pathogen that spreads from one person to another during sexual contact

Sexually Transmitted infections

1

What are some harmful effects of STIs

Pain
Discomfort
Embarrassment
Infertility
Cancers

2

What are the 3 risky behaviors that contribute to the current STI epidemic

Ignoring risks
Multiple partners
Not seeking treatment

3

What are 3 ways to avoid STIs

Practice abstinence
Avoid drugs
Choose responsible friends

4

Inflammation in the lining of the urethea

Urethritis

5

A vaginal infection or irrational

Vaginitis

6

A serious infection in the fearless reproductive organs that can less to infertility or am ectopic pregnancy
A Potentially fatal condition where a fertilized egg implants somewhere other than the uterus

Pelvic inflammatory disease

7

A STI caused by protozoan that infects the unitary tract or vagina
Symptoms for males: painful urination, clear discharge, itching
Symptoms for females: itching/burning, yellowish discharge, pain when urinating, bad smell

Trichomoniasis

8

A very common viral STI
One of the most serious conditions associated with this is cervical cancer
Symptoms: genital warts, cancer

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

9

A very common viral STI caused by bacteria
#1 most common STI in try United States
Symptoms:
Males - painful, frequent urination and discharge, can lead to urethritis
Females - yellowish discharge, can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease

Chlamydia

10

STI that attacks the liver
Also spread by blood-to-blood contact
Symptoms: nausea, fatigue, abdominal pain, jaundice, can lead to liver cancer or cirrhosis

Hepatitis

11

Condition which normal liver tissue is replaced by scar tissue

Cirrhosis

12

A bacterial STI that infects the urinary tract of males and females and the reproductive organs of the females
If left untreated can lead to urethritis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and infertility
Symptoms : puslike discharge, painful urination

Gonorrhea

13

A viral STI caused by herpes simplex virus
May have no noticeable symptoms
There is no cure
Symptoms : painful blisters that appear around the genitals

Genital herpes

14

Serious bacterial STI that progressed through three stages
Eventually may cause brain damage, paralysis, and heart disease
Pregnant women will pass it on to their baby
Symptoms : sores in mouth, flulike symptoms, nonitchy skin rash, brain damage, paralysis, heart disease

Syphilis

15

What are the three stages of syphilis

1st - painless sore called a chancre that can spread to different parts of the body
2nd - sores in the mouth and flulike symptoms, nonitchy rash can appear on the hands and feet
3rd - bacterial may attack internal parts of the body

16

Which STIs can be treated but not cured

HPV
Hepatitis B and C
Genital herpes

17

Which STIs can be cured

Chlamydia
Trichomoniasis
Bacterial vaginitis
Pubic lice
Scabies
Syphilis
Gonorrhea

18

The most serious incurable STI that can lead to AIDS
Attacks specific cells of the immune system disabling the body's defense against other pathogens

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)

19

Often a fatal disease of the immune system
The body's ability to fight diseases has been weakened
They are more likely to get infections that a healthy person's immune system could easily fight off

AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency virus)

20

What are the three stages of HIV

asymptomatic stage
Symptomatic stage
AIDS

21

what is the asymptomatic stage

The infected person may experience flu-like symptoms, which usually go away after a few weeks
The person will show no outward signs of HIV but can still infect others

22

What is the symptomatic stage

Infected person begins to experience symptoms
Symptoms include weight loss, persistent fever, diarrhea, or fungal infections
Symptoms may not appear until 7-10 years

23

The infections that attack a person with a weakened immune system

Opportunistic infection

24

What are 4 ways HIV can be transmitted from an infected person to an uninfected person

Unprotected sexual contact and bodily fluids
Shared needles
Contact with blood
Mother to baby; pregnancy, birth, or breast feeding

25

What are the 5 ways the book suggests you can prevent HIV

practice abstinence
Avoid drugs and needles
Avoid contact with blood or bod fluids
Sexual fidelity in marriage
Barrier protection

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