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Flashcards in Book11 Deck (200):
1

glower

scowl; glare; look or stare angrily

2

scowl

frown angrily; N: angry frown

3

glut

overstock; fill beyond capacity (with food); fill to excess; N: oversupply

4

glutinous

sticky; viscous; gluey

5

glutton

someone who eats too much; ADJ. gluttonous: given to gluttony; greedy; CF. gluttony: habit of eating too much

6

gnarled

twisted

7

gnarl

protruding knot on a tree; V.

8

gnome

dwarf; underground spirit who guards treasure hoards

9

goad

urge on; drive with a goad; cause (someone) to do something by continued annoyance; Ex. They goaded him into doing it by saying he was a coward; N: sharp-pointed stick for driving cattle; stimulus; CF. annoy continually

10

gorge

narrow canyon; steep rocky cleft; ravine (made by a stream which runs through it)

11

gorge

stuff oneself (with food); glut; CF. gorgeous: dazzlingly beautiful

12

gory

bloody; N. gore: blood (from a wound)

13

shudder

shake uncontrollably; tremble; V.

14

gossamer

sheer; very light; like cobwebs; N: soft and sheer fabric; cobweb

15

sheer

pure; thin and transparent; very steep

16

gouge

tear out; cut out (as if with a gouge); Ex. gouge his eyes out; N: chisel for cutting out hollow areas in wood

17

gouge

overcharge (with high price); extort from; Ex. gouge the public; CF. usury

18

gourmand

epicure; person who takes excessive pleasure in food and drink

19

gourmet

connoisseur of food and drink; epicure

20

graduated

arranged by degrees (of height, difficulty, etc.)

21

graduate

arrange into categories or grades; divide into marked intervals (for use in measurement); Ex. graduated ruler

22

granary

storehouse for grain

23

grandeur

impressiveness; stateliness; majesty

24

stately

formal; ceremonious; grand in style or size; majestic

25

grandiloquent

(of a person or speech) using high sounding or important-sounding language; pompous; bombastic

26

grandiose

affectedly grand; pretentious; high-flown; ridiculously exaggerated; impressive; great in size or scope; grand; Ex. grandiose ideas

27

high-flown

highly pretentious or inflated

28

matin\'ee(matinee)

dramatic or musical performance given in the afternoon

29

granulate

form into grains or granules; N. granule: grain or particle

30

graphic

pertaining to the art of delineating; vividly described

31

vivid

(of light or color) bright and distinct; evoking lifelike mental images; Ex. vivid red hair/description

32

graphite

black form of carbon used in lead pencils

33

grapple

wrestle; come to grips with; take hold of and struggle with; Ex. grapple with the burglar

34

grate

make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; shred by rubbing against a rough surface; Ex. grated cheese N: framework of metal bars to hold fuel in a fireplace

35

gratify

please; satisfy; Ex. gratify a desire

36

gratis

free; without charge; ADJ.

37

gratuitous

given freely; unwarranted; uncalled for; done without good reason; Ex. gratuitous comment

38

gratuity

tip

39

gravity

seriousness; ADJ. grave

40

gregarious

sociable; (of an animal) tending to form a group

41

grievance

cause of complaint; complaint

42

grill

question severely; cook on a grill; broil; N: cooking surface of parallel metal bars

43

broil

cook by direct heat; N.

44

grim

causing great fear; unrelenting; determined in spite of fear; Ex. grim smile

45

grimace

facial distortion to show feeling such as pain, disgust, etc; V.

46

grisly

ghastly; horrifying; Ex. grisly remains of the bodies

47

groom

man employed to take care of horses; V: make neat and trim; clean and brush (an animal)

48

grotesque

fantastic; comically hideous; strange and unnatural (causing fear or amusement)

49

hideous

repulsive to the sight; ugly; repugnant; Ex. hideous face/scream

50

grotto

small cavern

51

grouse

complain; fuss; grumble; grouch; N: plump chickenlike game bird

52

grumble

complain; mutter discontentedly; grouch; N.

53

mutter

utter (complaining words) indistinctly in low tones

54

rumble

make or move with a deep rolling sound (as thunder or stomach)

55

grovel

crawl or creep on ground; remain prostrate; behave in a servile manner

56

grudging

unwilling; reluctant; stingy(giving reluctantly)

57

gruel

thin liquid porridge

58

porridge

soft food made by boiling oatmeal

59

oatmeal

crushed oats used for making porridge

60

grueling

exhausting; Ex. grueling marathon race

61

gruesome

grisly; horrible

62

gruff

rough-mannered; (of a voice) rough; hoarse

63

grunt

utter a deep guttural sound (as a pig does); N.

64

guffaw

boisterous laughter; V.

65

guile

deceit; duplicity; wiliness; cunning; Ex. persuade her by guile

66

cunning

clever in deceiving; sly; N: cleverness in deceiving; deceit

67

guileless

without deceit

68

guise

outward appearance; costume; Ex. in a new guise

69

gull

trick; deceive; hoodwink; N: person who is easily tricked; dupe

70

gullible

easily deceived

71

gustatory

affecting or relating to the sense of taste

72

gusto

eager enjoyment; zest; enthusiasm

73

gusty

windy

74

gust

strong abrupt rush of wind; V. CF. bluster

75

guy

cable or chain attached to something that needs to be braced or steadied; CF. guide

76

topple

become unsteady and fall down

77

overthrow

topple; N.

78

overturn

turn over; capsize; topple

79

capsize

(of a boat) turn over

80

gyroscope

apparatus used to maintain balance, ascertain direction, etc.

81

habituate

accustom or familiarize; addict

82

hackles

hairs on back and neck, especially of a dog; Ex. make someone's hackles rise

83

growl

low, guttural, menacing sound (as of a dog)

84

hackneyed

commonplace; trite

85

haggard

wasted away; gaunt; Ex. haggard faces of the rescued miners

86

haggle

argue about prices (in an attempt to bargain)

87

halcyon

calm; peaceful; Ex. halcyon days

88

hale

healthy

89

hail

frozen rain drop; V: salute or greet; precipitate hail

90

hallowed

blessed; consecrated; Ex. hallowed ground; V. hallow: set apart as holy

91

hallucination

delusion; false idea; false perception of objects with a compelling sense of their reality; objects so perceived; V. hallucinate; ADJ. hallucinatory

92

halting

hesitant; faltering; not fluent; Ex. halting steps/voice; V. halt: proceed or act with uncertainty; falter; hesitate; waver; stop

93

waver

move or swing back and forth; be uncertain or unsteady in decision or movement; Ex. wavering between accepting and refusing

94

hamper

obstruct; prevent the free movement of; N:

95

hap

chance; luck

96

haphazard

random; by chance; happening in an unplanned manner; Ex. haphazard growth of the town

97

hapless

unfortunate; luckless

98

harangue

long, passionate, and vehement speech; V.

99

harass

annoy by repeated attacks

100

harbinger

forerunner (which foreshadows what is to come)

101

harbor

give protection (by giving food and shelter); provide a refuge for; hide; keep in mind (thoughts or feelings); Ex. harbor a grudge/criminal; N: place of shelter; refuge

102

habitat

natural home of a plant or animal; CF. habitation

103

hardy

(of people or animals) sturdy; robust; (of plants) able to stand inclement(stormy) weather

104

harping

tiresome dwelling on a subject; V. harp: dwell on(think or speak a lot about) tediously

105

harrowing

agonizing; distressing; traumatic; V. harrow: break up and level (soil) with a harrow; inflict great distress on; agonize; N: farming machine to break up the earth

106

harry

harass, annoy, torment (by repeated attacks); raid

107

hatch

deck opening; lid covering a deck opening; V: emerge from an egg; produce (young) from an egg

108

latch

fastening or lock consisting of a movable bar that fits into a notch; V: close with a latch

109

notch

V-shaped cut in a surface; V.

110

haughtiness

pride; arrogance; ADJ. haughty

111

haunt

(of a spirit) visit (a place); come to mind continually; visit (a place) regularly; frequent; Ex. haunted house; Ex. haunted by his last words; N: place much frequented

112

haven

place of safety; refuge; harbor; Ex. tax haven

113

havoc

widespread damage; disorder; chaos

114

hazardous

dangerous

115

hazard

venture; put in danger; risk; Ex. hazard a guess; N: possible source of danger

116

hazy

slightly obscure; misty; unclear; N. haze: light mist or smoke; confused state of mind

117

headlong

hasty; rash; headfirst; ADV.

118

headfirst

moving with the head leading; headlong

119

headstrong

willful; stubborn; unyielding; determined to have one's own way; CF. no 'excessive'

120

heckler

person who verbally harasses others; V. heckle: verbally harass as with gibes (by interrupting a speaker or speech)

121

hedonist

one who believes that pleasure is the sole aim in life; CF. hedonism: practice of living one's life purely for pleasure

122

heedless

not noticing; disregarding

123

heed

pay attention to; N: close attention

124

hegemony

dominance especially of one nation over others

125

heinous

atrocious; wicked; hatefully bad; Ex. heinous crime

126

gross

total; fragrant; clearly wrong; (of people's behavior) coarse; corpulent; Ex. gross insolence/behavior; V: earn as a total amount; N: 12 dozens

127

helm

steering wheel of a ship; position of control

128

herbivorous

grain-eating; CF. herbivore

129

heresy

opinion contrary to popular belief; opinion contrary to accepted religion; ADJ. heretical; CF. heretic

130

hermetic

sealed by fusion so as to be airtight; airtight

131

hermetic

concerning alchemy or magic; obscure and mysterious; occult

132

sterile

incapable of producing young; free from microorganism; V. sterilize

133

hermitage

home of a hermit

134

herpetologist

one who studies reptiles; CF. herpetology: branch of zoology that deals with reptiles and amphibians

135

heterodox

(of beliefs) against accepted opinion; unorthodox; unconventional

136

heterogeneous

dissimilar; mixed; not homogeneous; consisting of dissimilar elements or plants

137

hew

cut to pieces with ax or sword; chop; N.

138

heyday

time of greatest success or power; prime

139

prime

period of ideal or peak condition; earliest or beginning stage; Ex. in the prime of life; Ex. prime of the year(spring); ADJ: first in importance or rank; first; V: make ready; prepare

140

primary

first in rank or importance; principal; earliest in time; Ex. primary stages; N. CF. first

141

primal

first in rank or importance; being first in time; original; Ex. man's primal innocence

142

primate

group of mammals including humans

143

hiatus

gap; pause; gap or interruption in space or time; break

144

hibernal

wintry; wintery; of or like winter

145

hibernate

sleep throughout the winter; N. hibernation

146

hierarchy

arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks; body of persons having authority

147

totem

animal, plant, or natural object serving as a symbol of a clan or family; representation of this; Ex. totem pole

148

hieroglyphic

picture writing; ADJ.

149

hilarity

boisterous mirth(merriment; laughter); ADJ. hilarious: full of laughter

150

hindmost

furthest behind; farthest to the rear

151

wage

begin and continue (a war)

152

hindrance

block; obstacle; V. hinder

153

hinterlands

back country; inner part of a country; OP. foreland

154

hireling

one who serves for hire (usually used contemptuously); one who works solely for compensation; Ex. hireling politician

155

hirsute

hairy; having a lot of hair

156

histrionic

theatrical; excessively dramatic or emotional; affected; of actors or acting; N. histrionics: histrionic behavior

157

historic

important in history; Ex. historic battle

158

historical

connected with history; based on events in history (whether regarded as important or not)

159

hoard

stockpile; accumulate for future use; N: supply stored for future use

160

hoary

white with age

161

hoax

trick which makes someone take action; practical joke; Ex. hoax mail; V.

162

holocaust

destruction by fire; CF. burnt whole; CF. Holocaust

163

holster

leather pistol case (that hangs on a belt around the waist)

164

homage

honor; tribute; great respect; Ex. pay/do homage to

165

homeostasis

tendency of a system or organism to maintain relative stability or internal equilibrium; CF. homeo-: constant; Ex. homeotherm

166

homespun

domestic; made at home; spun or woven at home; simple and ordinary; Ex. homespun philosophy

167

spin

rotate swiftly; make (thread) by twisting (cotton, wool, etc.); N.

168

homily

sermon; tedious moralizing lecture; serious warning; ADJ. homiletic

169

homogeneous

of the same kind; uniform in composition throughout

170

hone

sharpen (a tool); N: whetstone for sharpening a tool

171

hoodwink

deceive; delude

172

horde

crowd; swarm

173

swarm

large group of insects moving in a mass; crowd of people or animals; V: move in a crowd or mass

174

hortatory

encouraging; exhortive; marked by exhortation; CF. exhort

175

horticultural

pertaining to cultivation of gardens; N. horticulture: science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants; CF. agriculture: science or art of farming or growing crops

176

hostility

unfriendliness; hatred; enmity; ADJ. hostile

177

hovel

shack; small wretched house

178

hut

crude dwelling; shack

179

shack

crude cabin

180

shed

small roofed structure for storage and shelter; V: pour forth; lose by natural process; repel without allowing penetration; radiate; cast; Ex. shed tears/light/water/skin/leaves

181

hover

hang about; (of birds or aircraft) stay in the air in one place; (of people) wait nearby; stay around one place; waver; be in an uncertain state

182

hubbub

confused uproar; loud noise; din

183

hubris

arrogance; excessive self-conceit

184

hue

color; aspect; Ex. opinions of every hue

185

hue_and_cry

outcry; loud cry or clamor; strong protest; Ex. hue and cry against the new rule

186

humane

marked by kindness or consideration; kind and compassionate; humanitarian

187

humanitarian

one devoted to the promotion of human welfare; CF. humanism

188

humdrum

dull; monotonous

189

humid

damp; N. humidity

190

humility

humbleness of spirit

191

humble

of low rank or position; modest; having a low opinion of oneself and a high opinion of others; unassuming; not proud; V. humiliate: make humble; cause to feel ashamed or to lose the respect of others

192

hummock

small hill; hillock

193

humus

substance or rich soil formed by decaying vegetable matter; CF. soil

194

hurtle

crash; rush; move with great speed; Ex. hurtling runaway train

195

husband

use sparingly; conserve; save; Ex. husband one's energy; CF. house holder

196

husbandry

frugality; thrift; economy; agriculture; farming; Ex. animal husbandry; CF. husbandman

197

hybrid

mongrel; mixed breed; V. hybridize

198

mongrel

plant or animal (esp. a dog) of mixed breed; ADJ.

199

pedigree

line of ancestors; ancestry; lineage; ADJ. (of an animal) descended from of a chosen family; Ex. pedigree dog; CF. crane's foot

200

hydrophobia

fear of water; rabies