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Flashcards in Book4 Deck (200):
1

cantata

story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)

2

canter

slow gallop; V. CF. trot

3

canto

division of a long poem

4

canvass

determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.

5

capacious

spacious

6

capacity

mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; Ex. in my capacity as president

7

capillary

having a very fine bore; resembling a hair; fine and slender; Ex. capillary attraction; N: very fine hairlike tube; CF. capillarity

8

capitulate

surrender; give up all resistance

9

caprice

whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause

10

capricious

unpredictable; fickle

11

caption

title; chapter heading; text under illustration

12

captious

faultfinding; too critical

13

carafe

glass water bottle; decanter

14

carapace

shell covering the back (of a turtle, tortoise, crab, etc.)

15

carat(karat)

unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold

16

carcinogenic

causing cancer; N. carcinogen

17

cardinal

chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order

18

cardiologist

doctor specializing in ailments of the heart

19

careen

lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger

20

career

rush wildly; go at full speed

21

sway

swing from side to side; influence (someone) to change one's opinion; N.

22

caricature

distortion; burlesque

23

carillon

a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played

24

carnage

destruction of life; slaughter; killing of large numbers of people or animals

25

carnal

fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body

26

carnivorous

meat-eating; N. carnivore; CF. herbivore

27

carousal

drunken revel; V. carouse

28

carping

petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble

29

carrion

rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture

30

cartographer

map-maker

31

cascade

small waterfall

32

caste

one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige

33

castigation

punishment; severe criticism or disapproval

34

casualty

serious or fatal accident; person killed or wounded in an accident or battle

35

casual

happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark

36

cataclysm

deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change

37

catalyst

agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; CF. catalysis

38

catapult

slingshot; hurling machine; V: fire from catapult

39

hurl

throw forcefully; shout out violently

40

cataract

great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)

41

catastrophe

calamity ; disaster

42

catcall

shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V.

43

catechism

book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form; religious instruction by question and answer; V. catechize

44

categorical

without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute

45

qualify

reach a necessary standard; limit the meaning of something stated

46

catharsis

purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art

47

cathartic

purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.

48

catholic

(of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; Ex. catholic opinions/tastes

49

caucus

private meeting of a group of people in a political party to select officers or determine policy; CF. the Caucus club of Boston

50

caulk(calk)

make watertight (by blocking up cracks as in a ship)

51

causal

implying a cause-and-effect relationship; N. causality

52

caustic

burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless

53

cauterize

burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection

54

cavalcade

procession of riders or horse-drawn carriages; parade; CF. cavalry

55

cavalier

casual and offhand; arrogant; N: knight

56

cavil

quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily

57

cede

yield (title or territory) to (esp. after losing a war); surrender formally; N. cession

58

celerity

speed; rapidity

59

celestial

heavenly

60

hereafter

life after death

61

afterlife

life after death; later part of one's life

62

celibate

abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy

63

censor

(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.

64

censorious

severely critical

65

censure

blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval

66

centaur

mythical figure, half man and half horse

67

centigrade

denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)

68

centrifugal

radiating; departing from the center

69

centrifuge

machine that separates substances by whirling them

70

centripetal

tending toward the center

71

centurion

Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)

72

cerebral

pertaining to the brain or intellect; intellectual rather than emotional; CF. cerebrum

73

cerebration

thought; working of the brain

74

ceremonious

marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; CF. ceremony: conventional social courtesy

75

unceremonious

not done politely without due formalities

76

certitude

certainty

77

cessation

stoppage

78

cession

yielding to another; ceding

79

chafe

warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.

80

chaff

worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff

81

chaffing

bantering; joking

82

chagrin

annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)

83

chalice

goblet; consecrated cup

84

chameleon

lizard that changes color in different situations

85

champion

support militantly; fight for; N: person who fights for or supports strongly (a principle, movement, person, etc.)

86

championship

position of champion; defense or support; competition held to determine a champion

87

chaotic

in utter disorder

88

charisma

divine gift; great popular charm or appeal; magnetism

89

charlatan

quack; pretender to knowledge (esp. in medicine)

90

chary

cautious; unwilling to take risks; sparing or restrained about giving; OP. bold

91

chase

ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch

92

chasm

abyss; very deep crack

93

chassis

framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached

94

chaste

morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere

95

chasten

discipline; punish in order to correct; CF. castigate

96

chastise

punish as by beating; criticize severely

97

chauvinist

blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group, cause, or sex; ADJ. chauvinistic; CF. chauvinism; Nicolas Chauvin

98

check

stop motion; curb or restrain

99

checkered (chequered)

marked by great changes in fortune; with many changes of fortuene; CF. checked: having a pattern of squares

100

cherubic

angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order

101

chicanery

trickery; deception

102

chide

scold; rebuke (someone who has done wrong)

103

chimerical

fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature

104

chisel

swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting

105

chip

lose a small piece from the surface or edge; N: small piece broken off something; CF. French fry; Potato chip/crisp

106

chivalrous

courteous; faithful; brave; N. chivalry

107

choleric

hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; CF. cholera

108

choreography

art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances

109

chore

daily domestic task (such as cleaning, cooking, and shopping); unpleasant task

110

chortle

chuckle with delight; N.

111

chuckle

laugh quietly

112

chronic

long established as a disease

113

chronicle

report; record (in chronological order)

114

churlish

boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo

115

ciliated

having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash

116

cipher

nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.

117

circlet

small ring; band of gold, silver, jewel, etc. (worn on the head, arms, or neck as decoration)

118

circuitous

roundabout

119

circuit

closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place

120

circumlocution

indirect or roundabout expression (by using an uncecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)

121

circumscribe

limit; confine; draw a line around

122

circumspect

prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought

123

circumvent

outwit; defeat by behaving more cleverly; outsmart; baffle; avoid; get around

124

cistern

reservoir or water tank

125

citadel

fortress

126

cite

quote; commend; Ex. cited for bravery in an official record

127

civil

having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic

128

clairvoyant

having foresight; fortuneteller; N. clairvoyance

129

hindsight

understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened

130

clamber

climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble

131

clamor

loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; V: make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; ADJ. clamorous

132

clandestine

secret

133

chaperon

older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman

134

clangor

loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging

135

clapper

striker (tongue) of a bell

136

clap

strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail; N: clapping; loud or explosive sound; CF. applause

137

clarion

shrill, trumpetlike sound; kind of trumpet used in former times

138

claustrophobia

fear of being locked in

139

clavicle

collarbone

140

scrimmage

disorderly fight between two or more people

141

cleave

split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven

142

cleft

N: split

143

clemency

disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; ADJ. clement

144

cliché

phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; ADJ. clichéd

145

bromide

platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement

146

clientele

body of customers

147

climactic

relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic

148

clime

climate

149

clique

small exclusive group of people

150

cloister

monastery or convent

151

clout

great influence (especially political or social); hard blow with fist

152

cloying

distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess

153

coagulate

congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant

154

clot

half-solid lump formed from a liquid (or blood); V.

155

pudding

hot sweet dish

156

coalesce

combine; fuse; N. coalescence

157

coalition

partnership; league; union of separate political parties

158

coda

concluding section of a musical or literary composition

159

coddle

treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs

160

codicil

supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will

161

codify

arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs

162

coercion

use of force to get someone to object; compelling; V. coerce

163

coeval

living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age

164

cog

tooth projecting from a wheel

165

cogent

convincing

166

cogitate

think over; ponder

167

cognate

having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.

168

cognitive

having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; N. cognition: the mental process of knowing

169

cognizance

knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware

170

cohabit

live together

171

cohere

stick together

172

cohesion

tendency to keep together

173

cohorts

group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)

174

coiffure

hairstyle

175

coin

make coins; invent or fabricate (a word or phrase); N. coinage: word or phrase recently invented

176

coincidence

the chance occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events; V. coincide: happen at the same time; be in agreement; CF. coincident; CF. coincidental

177

colander

utensil with perforated bottom used for straining

178

collaborate

work together; cooperate treasonably with the enemy

179

collage

work of art put together from fragments

180

scrap

small bit or fragment; discarded waste material; fight; Ex. a scrap of paper/cloth; V: break into parts for disposal; discard as worthless; fight; quarrel

181

scraps

leftover food

182

scrappy

quarrelsome

183

collate

examine and compare in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order (the sheets of a book before they are bound)

184

collateral

security given for loan; ADJ: secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters

185

collation

a light meal; collating

186

colloquial

pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal; N. colloquialism: colloquial expression

187

colloquy

informal discussion; conversation

188

collusion

conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude

189

colossal

huge

190

colossus

gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance

191

comatose

in a coma; extremely sleepy

192

coma

deep prolonged unconsciousness caused by disease, poison, or a severe blow

193

combustible

easily burned; N. CF. combustion

194

comely

attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance

195

homely

not good-looking; unattractive

196

comestible

something fit to be eaten

197

comeuppance

deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke

198

deserts

what someone deserves

199

comity

courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations

200

commandeer

take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes