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Flashcards in Book7 Deck (200):
1

diffuse

wordy; verbose; rambling; spread out (like a gas); V: spread out in all directions; disperse; N. diffusion; CF. suffuse

2

digression

wandering away from the subject; V. digress

3

dilapidated

falling to pieces; in a bad condition; ruined because of neglect; Ex. dilapidated old car/castle; N. dilapidation

4

dilate

expand; dilate on/upon: speak or write at length on (a subject)

5

dilatory

delaying; tending to delay

6

dilemma

situation that requires a choice between equally unfavorable options; problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives

7

dilettante

aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; CF. delight

8

diligence

steadiness of effort; persistent hard work

9

dilute

make (a liquid) less concentrated; reduce in strength; Ex. dilute the influence of the president

10

diminution

lessening; reduction in size; V. diminish

11

din

continued loud noise; V: make a din; instill by wearying repetition

12

weary

tired after long work; V.

13

dinghy

small boat (often ship's boat)

14

maroon

leave helpless on a deserted island or coast; ADJ. red brown

15

dingy

(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. dingy street/curtain

16

dull

(of colors or surfaces) not bright; cloudy; overcast; boring; (of edge or sound) not sharp; not rapid; sluggish; slow in thinking and understanding; stupid; V.

17

dint

means; effort; Ex. by dint of hard work

18

diorama

life-size, three-dimensional scene from nature or history; three-dimensional scene with modeled figures against a painted background

19

dire

warning of disaster; disastrous; (of needs and dangers) very great; urgent; Ex. dire prediction/need of food

20

dirge

funeral song; slow mournful piece of music (sung over a dead person)

21

disabuse

correct a false impression; undeceive; free from a wrong belief

22

disaffected

disloyal; lacking loyality; V. disaffect: cause to lose affection or loyalty

23

disapprobation

disapproval; condemnation

24

disarray

state of disorder; a disorderly or untidy state; Ex. with her clothes in disarray

25

disavowal

denial; disclaiming; repudiating; disowning; V. disavow; CF. disclaim

26

disband

dissolve; disperse; (of a group) break up and separate; Ex. The club has disbanded.

27

disburse

pay out (as from a fund); N. disbursement; CF. purse

28

discernible

distinguishable; perceivable; Ex. discernible improvement

29

discerning

mentally quick and observant; having insight; perceptive; able to make good judgments; V. discern: perceive

30

disclaim

disown; renounce claim to; deny; CF. disclaimer

31

disclose

reveal; N. disclosure

32

discombobulated

discomposed; confused

33

discompose

disturb the composure of; confuse

34

discomfit

frustrate; put to rout; defeat; disconcert; embarrass; perturb

35

disconcert

confuse; upset; embarrass; perturb

36

disconsolate

hopelessly sad (at the loss of something)

37

discord

conflict; lack of harmony; dissonance (when musical notes are played)

38

discordant

not harmonious; conflicting

39

discount

disregard; regard (a story or news) as unimportant; deduct from a cost

40

discourse

serious speech, writing, or conversation; formal discussion (either written or spoken); conversation; V.

41

discredit

defame; disgrace; destroy confidence in; disbelieve; N. CF. discreditable: causing discredit; shameful

42

discrepancy

lack of consistency or agreement as between facts; difference; Ex. discrepancy between two descriptions

43

discrete

separate; unconnected

44

discretion

prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances; freedom of action or judgment; ADJ. discreet; CF. discretionary

45

discriminating

able to see differences; discerning; prejudiced; N. discrimination

46

discriminate

distinguish; make distinctions on the basis of preference

47

brisk

quick and active; marked by liveliness and vigor

48

discursive

(of a person or writing) digressing; rambling (without any clear plan)

49

disdain

treat with scorn or contempt

50

disembark

debark; go ashore (from a ship); unload cargo from a ship; CF. embark

51

disenfranchise

disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise

52

disengage

uncouple; separate; disconnect; stop fighting; OP. engage

53

disfigure

mar the appearance of; spoil

54

disgorge

surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge

55

disgruntle

make discontented

56

dishearten

discourage

57

disheveled

untidy (of hair or clothing); V. dishevel

58

disinclination

unwillingness

59

disingenuous

not naive; not candid; sophisticated; worldly wise; OP. ingenuous

60

disinter

dig up; unearth; OP. inter

61

disinterested

unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective

62

disjointed

disconnected; lacking coherence; V. disjoint: disconnect; disjoin

63

disjunction

act or state of separation; disunity; CF. disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; CF. conjunction; CF. conjunctive

64

dislodge

remove (forcibly); force out of a position; Ex. dislodge the food caught in his throat; CF. lodge

65

dismantle

take apart; disassemble

66

mantle

loose sleeveless outer garment; cloak; something that covers or envelops; the layer of the earth between the crust and the core

67

crust

hard outer covering (as of earth or snow)

68

dismember

cut into small parts; cut (a body) apart limb from limb

69

dismiss

eliminate from consideration; no longer consider; put out of court without further hearing; reject; discharge from employment; direct to leave; ADJ. dismissive; N. dismissal

70

disparage

belittle

71

maneuver(manoeuver)

strategic military or naval movement (done for training purposes); carefully planned process; stratagem; V: carry out a military maneuver; use maneuvers in gaining an end

72

disparate

basically different; impossible to compare; unrelated

73

disparity

difference; condition of inequality; OP. parity

74

dispassionate

calm; impartial; not influenced by personal feelings

75

dispatch

speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; V: send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill

76

dispel

scatter; drive away; cause to vanish

77

dispense

distribute; prepare and give out (medicines); N. dispensation: dispensing; religious system; official exemption from an obligation or a rule

78

disperse

scatter; Ex. disperse the cloud/crowd

79

dispirited

lacking in spirit

80

disport

amuse; Ex. disport oneself; CF. divert

81

disputatious

argumentative; fond of argument

82

disquietude

uneasiness; anxiety; V. disquiet: make anxious

83

disquisition

formal systematic inquiry; explanation of the results of a formal inquiry; long formal speech or written report

84

dissection

analysis; cutting apart in order to examine

85

dissemble

disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend

86

disseminate

distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)

87

dissent

disagree

88

dissertation

formal essay; treatise

89

dissident

dissenting (with an opinion, a group, or a government); rebellious; N.

90

dissimulate

pretend; conceal by feigning; dissemble

91

dissipate

squander; waste foolishly; scatter

92

dissolution

disintegration; reduction to a liquid form; looseness in morals; sensual indulgence; debauchery; ADJ. dissolute: lacking in moral restraint; leading an immoral life

93

reduce

diminish; bring to a weaker or more difficult condition; demote; lower in rank; separate into components by analysis; Ex. reduced to the ranks; Ex. reduce the house to rubble; N. reduction

94

dissuade

persuade not to do; discourage; N. dissuasion

95

dissonance

discord

96

distant

reserved or aloof; cold in manner; Ex. distant greeting; ADV. distantly

97

distend

expand; swell out

98

distill

refine (a liquid by evaporating and subsequent condensation); concentrate; separate the most important parts from; Ex. distill fresh water from sea water; CF. brew

99

distinction

honor; excellence; difference; contrast; discrimination; Ex. graduated with distinction; Ex. a writer of real distinction

100

distinct

clearly different; clearly noticed

101

distinctive

clearly different from others of the same kind

102

distort

twist out of shape; give a false account of; misrepresent; N. distortion

103

distrait

absentminded; distracted

104

distraught

upset; distracted by anxiety; very anxious and troubled almost to the point of madness; Ex. distraught with grief/worry

105

distract

take (one's attention) off something; upset emotionally; make anxious; ADJ. distracted

106

diurnal

daily; occurring during the daytime

107

diva

operatic singer; prima donna

108

diverge

vary; go in different directions from the same point; ADJ. divergent: differing; deviating

109

diverse

differing in some characteristics (from each other); various; N. diversity: variety; dissimilitude; lack of resemblance

110

diversion

act of turning aside; pastime; V. divert: turn aside from a course; distract; amuse

111

divest

strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)

112

divine

perceive intuitively (by or as if by magic); foresee the future; foretell; dowse; ADJ. N. divination

113

dowse

use a divining rod to search for underground water or minerals

114

divulge

reveal

115

docile

obedient; easily managed; submissive

116

ferocious

fierce; violent; N. ferocity

117

docket

program as for trial; book where such entries are made; list of things to be done; agenda; label fixed to a package listing contents or directions; V: describe in a docket

118

doctrinaire

unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding; marked by inflexible attachment to a doctrine without regard to its practical difficulties

119

doctrine

teachings in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught; dogma; tenet; ADJ. doctrinal

120

indoctrinate

cause to accept a doctrine without questioning it; Ex. indoctrinated with mindless anti-communism

121

document

provide written evidence (for a claim); record with documents; N.

122

doddering

shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder

123

merit

deserve; ADJ. meritorious: deserving reward or praise

124

doff

take off; OP. don

125

dogged

determined; stubborn; stubbornly persevering; tenacious; Ex. Inspector Javert's dogged pursuit of Jean Valjean

126

persevere

continue steadily in spite of difficulties

127

doggerel

poor verse

128

dogmatic

opinionated; holding stubbornly to one's opinion; arbitrary; doctrinal

129

doldrums

blues; listlessness(lack of spirit or energy); slack(inactive) period; period of stagnation; ocean area near the equator where ships cannot move because there is no wind; Ex. in the doldrums

130

blues

state of depression or melancholy; style of slow, mournful music (evolved from southern Black American songs)

131

dolorous

sorrowful; N. dolor

132

dolt

slow-thinking stupid person; CF. dull

133

domicile

home; V. ADJ. domiciled: having one's domicile; Ex. He is domiciled in Britain.

134

domineer

rule over tyrannically

135

dominate

control; rule; enjoy a commanding position in; overlook from a height

136

dominant

exercising the most influence; high and easily seen; stronger than the other part of a system; not recessive

137

don

put on; OP. doff

138

outfit

clothing or equipment for a special purpose; Ex. cowboy outfit

139

dormant

sleeping; temporarily inactive; lethargic; latent

140

dormer

window projecting upright from roof; CF. sleeping room

141

dorsal

relating to the back of an animal; Ex. dorsal fin

142

dossier

file of documents on a subject or person; file; CF. bundle of papers labeled on the back

143

dotage

senility; feeblemindedness of old age; Ex. In one's dotage

144

dote

be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline

145

dour

sullen; gloomy; stubborn

146

sullen

silently showing ill humor or resentment; dark; gloomy

147

brood

sit on in order to hatch; think deeply or worry anxiously; N: the young of certain animals; group of young birds hatched at one time

148

douse

plunge into water or liquid; dip; immerse; drench; wet throughly; extinguish; throw water over; dowse

149

dowdy

untidy (of a woman or clothes); slovenly; dressed in an unattractive way; shabby; CF. unattractive woman

150

downcast

disheartened; dejected; sad; directed downward

151

drab

dull; lacking color; cheerless ; Ex. drab coat/life

152

draconian

extremely severe; Ex. draconian punishment; CF. Draco: Athenian politician

153

dregs

sediment in a liquid; lees; worthless residue

154

drivel

nonsense; foolishness; V: talk nonsense

155

nonsense

speech or writing with no meaning; foolish behavior or language; Ex. make (a) nonsense of: spoil; cause to fail

156

dribble

flow or fall in drops; let saliva flow out slowly from the mouth; move a ball; N.

157

drip

fall or let fall in drops; shed drops; N: action or sound of falling in drops; liquid that falls in drops

158

trickle

flow in drops or in a thin stream; N.

159

droll

queer and amusing

160

queer

strange; eccentric; deviating from the normal

161

drone

idle person who lives on other people's work; male bee

162

drone

talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee; N.

163

murmur

low, indistinct, continuous sound; V. CF. mumble

164

dross

waste matter; worthless impurities

165

drudgery

hard unpleasant work; menial work

166

drudge

do drudgery; N: person who drudges

167

dubious

questionable; (of something) causing doubt; (of someone) filled with doubt; N. dubiety

168

ductile

malleable; pliable; (of metals) easily pulled into shape; flexible; (of someone) easily influenced or controlled

169

dulcet

sweet sounding; pleasing to the ear; melodious

170

dumbfound(dumfound)

astonish (making dumb); ADJ. dumbfounded, dumfounded, dumbstruck

171

dupe

someone easily fooled or deceived; V: deceive

172

duplicity

double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; ADJ. duplicitous

173

duration

length of time something lasts

174

duress

forcible restraint, especially unlawfully; coercion by threat; illegal coercion; Ex. a promise made under duress

175

dutiful(duteous)

(of people or their behavior) respectful; obedient (filled with a sense of duty)

176

dwindle

shrink; reduce gradually

177

dynamic

energetic; vigorously active

178

dynamo

generator for producing electricity; energetic person

179

dyspeptic

suffering from indigestion; N. dyspepsia: indigestion; difficulty in digesting food

180

dys-

abnormal; impaired

181

dyslexia

word blindness; learning disorder marked by impairment of the ability to read

182

dysentery

inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract

183

earthy

unrefined; coarse; of earth; Ex. earthy remarks; OP. ethereal

184

earthly

of this earth; terrestrial; worldly; not divine; possible; Ex. no earthly reason

185

ebb

(of the tide) recede; lessen; diminish; N. OP. flow: rise of tide

186

ebullient

showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling

187

eccentric

irregular; odd; unconventional; whimsical; bizarre; not concentric

188

eccentricity

oddity; idiosyncrasy

189

ecclesiastic

ecclesiastical; pertaining to the church; N: minister; priest; cleric; clergyman

190

chapel

small church (in a prison, college, or hospital)

191

chaplain

clergyman attached to a chapel

192

padre

chaplain (in the armed forces)

193

eclectic

selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources; selecting individual elements from a variety of sources; N. eclecticism

194

eclipse

darken; extinguish; outshine; surpass; cause an eclipse

195

ecliptic

path of the sun and the planets

196

ecologist

person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment; person concerned with the detrimental effects of human civilization on the environment; CF. ecology

197

ecosystem

ecological community together with its environment

198

economy

efficiency or conciseness in using something; thrifty management of resources

199

ecstasy

rapture; very strong feeling of joy and happiness; any overpowering emotion; ADJ. ecstatic: causing or experiencing ecstasy

200

rapture

great joy and delight; ecstasy; ADJ. rapturous