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Flashcards in Book16 Deck (200):
1

nebula

diffuse mass of interstellar dust or gas; galaxy

2

necromancy

black magic; sorcery; dealings with the dead; art that professes to communicate with the spirits of the dead so as to predict the future; CF. necromancer; CF. necro+divination; CF. necro-: death; Ex. necropolis

3

nefarious

very wicked

4

negate

cancel out; nullify; cause to have no effect; deny; N. negation

5

negligence

neglect; failure to take reasonable care; ADJ. negligent: neglectful; lax; not taking enough care

6

negligible

so small, trifling, or unimportant as to be easily disregarded

7

nemesis

someone seeking revenge; source of downfall or ruin; CF. Nemesis

8

neologism

new or newly coined word or phrase

9

neophyte

recent convert; new member of a religious group; beginner; CF. plant

10

nepotism

favoritism (to a relative); CF. nephew

11

favoritism

display of partiality toward a favored person

12

nether

lower; Ex. nether garments/regions

13

nettle

irritate; annoy; vex; ADJ. nettlesome

14

nexus

connection

15

nib

beak(bill); pen point

16

nicety

precision; accuracy; minute distinction or difference; Ex. to a nicety: exactly; precisely; Ex. distinguish between niceties

17

niggardly

meanly stingy; parsimonious; N. niggard: stingy person

18

niggle

spend too much time on minor points (esp. when finding fault); find fault; Ex. niggle over details; ADJ. niggling

19

nihilist

one who considers traditional beliefs to be groundless and existence meaningless; absolute skeptic; revolutionary terrorist; CF. nihilism: belief that nothing has meaning or value; belief that destruction of existing political or social institutions is necessary for future improvement

20

nip

snip off; stop something's growth or development; bite; make numb with cold; Ex. nip the plan; Ex. A guard dog nipped the postman; Ex. fingers nipped by the extreme chill

21

snip

short quick cut with scissors; V: cut with scissors

22

pinch

squeeze between the thumb and a finger, or other edges; Ex. I had to pinch myself to make sure I wasn't dreaming. N: amount that can be held between the thumb and a finger

23

nirvana

in Buddhist teachings, the ideal state in which the individual loses himself in the attainment of an impersonal beatitude

24

impersonal

not being a person; not showing personal feelings; Ex. impersonal force/manner/organization

25

nocturnal

done or active at night; Ex. nocturnal animals/raids; CF. nocturne

26

noisome

foul smelling; very unpleasant; unwholesome

27

nomadic

wandering; N. nomad: tribe who migrates from place to place

28

nomenclature

terminology(system of specialized words); system of names or naming things

29

nominal

in name only; of a name; trifling; (of a sum of money) very small; CF. nominate: propose as a candidate; appoint

30

nonchalance

indifference; lack of concern; composure; ADJ. nonchalant: unconcerned; cool; indifferent; Ex. nonchalant attitude to his debts

31

noncommittal

neutral; refusing commitment to a particular opinion; unpledged; undecided

32

nondescript

undistinctive; ordinary; ordinary-looking; Ex. nondescript fellow in a crowd

33

nonentity

person of no importance; nonexistence

34

nonplus

put at a loss; bring to a halt by confusion; perplex; CF. no more

35

nostalgia

homesickness; longing for the past; Ex. nostalgia for the clothes of 1920s; ADJ. nostalgic

36

nostrum

questionable medicine; quack medicine; CF. our (remedy)

37

notable

conspicuous; worthy of note; remarkable; important; distinguished; noted

38

notoriety

disrepute; ill fame

39

nova

star that suddenly becomes much brighter and then returns to its original brightness

40

novelty

something new; newness; ADJ. novel: new; original

41

novice

beginner

42

noxious

harmful; CF. obnoxious

43

nuance

shade of slight difference in meaning or color; subtle distinction

44

shade

slight difference in degree; nuance; degree of color; Ex. shades of meaning/grey

45

gradation

series of gradual stages; degree in such a progression

46

nubile

marriageable; of marriageable age; CF. connubial

47

nugatory

worthless; futile

48

nullify

make invalid; make null; invalidate

49

numismatist

person who collects coins; N. numismatics: study or collection of money, coins, and medals

50

nuptial

related to marriage or the wedding ceremony; N. nuptials: wedding ceremony

51

nurture

nourish; feed; educate; rear; care for while it is growing or developing; foster; cultivate; N: something that nourishes; rearing

52

nutrient

nourishing substance; ADJ: providing nourishment

53

nutrition

process of nourishing or being nourished; CF. malnutrition

54

nutritious

providing nourishment

55

nourish

provide with food necessary for life and growth

56

nourishment

something that nourishes; food

57

oaf

stupid awkward person; CF. elf

58

obdurate

stubborn; refusing to change one's belief

59

obeisance

bow (to show respect and obedience)

60

obelisk

tall column tapering(becoming gradually narrower toward the end) and ending in a pyramid

61

obese

excessively fat; N. obesity

62

obfuscate

confuse; muddle; cause confusion; make needlessly complex; make so confused as to be difficult to understand

63

obituary

death notice (esp. in a newspaper); ADJ.

64

objective

not influenced by emotions; fair; N: goal; aim

65

obligatory

binding; required; compulsory; V. oblige: constrain; make grateful; do a favor; accommodate

66

oblique

indirect; slanting (deviating from the perpendicular or from a straight line); Ex. oblique reference

67

obliterate

destroy completely; wipe out; Ex. obliterate the village

68

oblivion

obscurity; condition of being completely forgotten; forgetfulness

69

oblivious

inattentive or unmindful; unaware; wholly absorbed; forgetful(having the habit of forgetting)

70

obloquy

slander; disgrace; infamy

71

obnoxious

offensive; disagreeable; Ex. obnoxious smell

72

obscure

dark; vague; unclear; not well known; Ex. obscure meaning/village; V: darken; cover; make unclear; Ex. obscure the moon/meaning

73

obsequious

slavishly attentive; servile; full of servile compliance; sycophantic

74

slavish

of or like a slave; servile; showing no originality; copied very closely; Ex. slavish devotion/copy of the original

75

obsequy

funeral ceremony

76

obsessive

related to thinking about something constantly; of an obsession; preoccupying; N. obsession: compulsive preoccupation with a fixed idea; compulsive idea; V. obsess: preoccupy the mind of excessively

77

obsidian

black volcanic rock

78

scion

detached plant shoot used in grafting; descendant

79

obsolete

outmoded; no longer used

80

obstetrician

physician specializing in delivery(assisting in giving birth) of babies; N. obstetrics; CF. midwife

81

obstinate

stubborn; hard to control or treat; Ex. obstinate cough; N. obstinacy

82

obstreperous

boisterous; noisy and uncontrollable

83

obtrude

push (oneself or one's ideas) forward or intrude; impose (oneself or one's ideas) on others; butt in; stick out or extrude; thrust out; Ex. obtrude A on B; ADJ. obtrusive; N. obtrusion; CF. unobtrusive

84

obtuse

blunt; not sharp; stupid; slow in understanding

85

obviate

make unnecessary; get rid of; Ex. obviate the need

86

Occident

the West

87

occlude

shut; close; obstruct; Ex. A blood clot occluded an artery.

88

occult

mysterious; secret; supernatural; beyond human comprehension; CF. mysterious to human ?; OP. bare

89

oculist

physician who specializes in treatment of the eyes

90

odious

arousing strong dislike; hateful(causing hatred); vile

91

odium

detestation; quality of being odious; hatefulness; disrepute (resulting from hateful conduct)

92

odoriferous

giving off an odor

93

odorous

having an odor

94

odyssey

long, eventful, adventurous journey

95

offensive

attacking; insulting; distasteful; V. offend: violate; hurt the feelings of; N. offense: offending; violating of a moral or social code; crime; attack; Ex. first offense

96

offhand

casual; done without prior thought or preparation

97

officious

meddlesome; excessively pushy in offering one's services; overly eager in offering unwanted services or advices; Ex. officious bellboy

98

pushy

disagreeably aggressive

99

ogle

look at amorously; make eyes at; Ex. old men ogling young girls

100

olfactory

concerning the sense of smell

101

oligarchy

government by a privileged few

102

ominous

threatening; of an evil omen

103

threat

sign or warning (of coming danger); Ex. threat of rain; V: express a threat; give warning of (something bad); Ex. The cloud threatens rain.

104

omnipotent

all-powerful; having unlimited power

105

omnipresent

universally present; ubiquitous

106

omniscient

all-knowing

107

omnivorous

eating both plant and animal food; devouring everything

108

onerous

burdensome

109

onomatopoeia

words formed in imitation of natural sounds

110

rustle

make slight sounds like silk moving or being rubbed together

111

onslaught

vicious assault; fierce attack; Ex. unexpected onslaught of the enemy

112

slaughter

killing of animals for food; massacre; V: butcher (animals) for food; kill in large numbers

113

onus

burden; responsibility

114

spare

give; use; refrain from harming; save from experiencing; exempt; Ex. spare me 5 minutes; Ex. Take this money and spare my life; Ex. The emperor was spared the onus; ADJ: kept in reserve; free for other use; unoccupied; Ex. spare time

115

opalescent

iridescent; lustrous; like an opal; N. opalescence

116

opaque

dark; not transparent; N. opacity

117

opiate

medicine to induce sleep or deaden pain; something that relieves emotions or causes inaction; sleep-producing drug containing opium

118

opportune

timely; well-chosen

119

opportunist

individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by taking advantage of circumstances; N. opportunism

120

opprobrium

infamy; disgrace arising from shameful conduct; vilification(slander); scorn; contempt; Ex. opprobrium hurled against him; ADJ. opprobrious: expressing contempt; shameful or infamous

121

optician

maker and seller of eyeglasses

122

optimist

person who looks on the bright side; N. optimism

123

optimum

most favorable; optimal; N: most favorable condition

124

optional

not compulsory; left to one's choice; N. option: act of choosing; choice; freedom or power to choose; something available as a choice; Ex. have no option; Ex. two options

125

optometrist

one who fits glasses to remedy visual defects

126

opulence

extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance; ADJ. opulent: possessing great wealth; abundant

127

opus

work (esp. musical composition); Ex. magnum opus: masterpiece; CF. opera

128

oracular

of an oracle; prophetic; uttered as if with divine authority; mysterious or ambiguous; hard to understand; N. oracle: wiser person; prophecy made by an oracle

129

orator

public speaker

130

oratorio

dramatic poem set to music; long musical work with singing but without acting; CF. cantata

131

ordain

decree or command; grant holy orders; predestine; install as a minister, priest, or rabbi; N. ordainment; CF. ordination

132

ordeal

severe trial or affliction; difficult experience; trial(test of patience or endurance); affliction

133

ordinance

decree; authoritative order

134

ordination

ceremony conferring holy orders; ceremony of ordaining a priest

135

orgy

wild drunken revelry; unrestrained indulgence in an activity; Ex. orgy of shopping

136

orient

get one's bearings; adjust; make familiar with a situation; orientate

137

orientation

act of finding oneself in society; orienting

138

orifice

mouthlike opening; small opening (esp. to a cavern or passage of the body); CF. mouth

139

ornate

excessively or elaborately decorated

140

ornithologist

scientific student of birds; N. ornithology: scientific study of birds

141

orthodox

traditional; (of someone) conservative in belief; adhering to an established doctrine

142

orthography

correct spelling; CF. ortho-: straight; correct; Ex. orthodontics

143

oscillate

vibrate pendulumlike; waver

144

osseous

made of bone; bony

145

ossify

change or harden into bone; become hard and unchanging in one's ideas

146

ostensible

apparent; appearing as such; professed(pretended); pretended; Ex. ostensible purpose of the expedition

147

apparent

evident; easily seen or understood; appearing as such; Ex. apparent improvement

148

ostentatious

showy; trying to attract attention; pretentious; N. ostentation: showy display

149

ostracize

banish from a group; exclude from public favor; ban; Ex. His friends ostracized him. N. ostracism

150

blackball

vote against (an applicant); ostracize; N: negative vote

151

oust

expel; drive out; force out; N. ouster: ousting

152

outlandish

bizzare; peculiar; unconventional

153

outmoded

no longer in fashion or use; no longer stylish; old-fashioned

154

outskirts

fringes; outer borders (as of a city); Ex. outskirts of Boston

155

outspoken

candid; blunt

156

blunt

having a dull edge; abrupt and frank in speech or manner; brusque; V: make or become blunt

157

outstrip

outrun; surpass; outdo

158

outwit

outsmart; defeat by behaving more cleverly

159

ovation

enthusiastic applause

160

overbearing

bossy; domineering and arrogant; decisively important; Ex. overbearing manner/importance; V. overbear: dominate

161

overt

open to view; public; not secret; CF. covert

162

overweening

arrogant; presumptuous

163

overwrought

nervous or excited; extremely agitated; hysterical; wrought-up; CF. wrought: made or done

164

hysteria

excessive or uncontrollable excitement; N. hysteric: person suffering from hysteria; CF. hysterics: attack of hysteria

165

ovoid

egg-shaped; CF. ovum; CF. ovulate

166

pachyderm

thick-skinned animal

167

pacifist

one opposed to force; antimilitarist; ADJ. N. pacifism: opposition to war as a means of resolving disputes

168

pacify

soothe; make calm or quiet; subdue; bring peace to

169

paean

song of praise or joy; Ex. paeans celebrating the victory

170

painstaking

taking pains; showing hard work; taking great care; very careful and through

171

palatable

agreeable; pleasing to the taste

172

palate

roof of the mouth; sense of the taste

173

palatial

of or suitable for a palace; magnificent

174

paleontology

study of prehistoric life or fossils; CF. paleo-: ancient or prehistoric; Ex. paleography: study of ancient written documents

175

palette

board on which painter mixes pigments(coloring matters)

176

palimpsest

parchment or piece of writing material used for second time after original writing has been erased

177

parchment

writing material made from the skin of a sheep or goat

178

pall

become boring; grow tiresome

179

pallet

small poor bed; Ex. straw pallet

180

palliate

ease pain (without curing); make less severe or offensive (a crime or illness)

181

pallid

pale; wan; Ex. pallid complexion

182

palpable

tangible; (of something bad) easily perceptible; obvious; Ex. palpable blunder

183

palpitate

throb; beat rapidly; flutter; tremble; Ex. Her heart began to palpitate.

184

throb

(of a heart or machine) beat rapidly or violently; N. Ex. hearthrob: heartbeat; sweetheart

185

paltry

insignificant; petty; trifling; contemptible; Ex. paltry sum; CF. trash

186

pan

criticize harshly

187

panacea

cure-all; remedy for all diseases

188

panache

flair; manner of doing things without any difficulty (causing admiration); flamboyance; bunch of feathers (on a helmet); Ex. with great panache

189

pandemic

widespread; affecting the majority of people; N: pandemic disease; CF. all people

190

pandemonium

wild tumult(commotion); wild noisy disorder; CF. Paradise Lost

191

pander

cater to (the low desires of others)

192

cater

provide food and drink (for); cater to: try to satisfy (desires of a bad kind)

193

panegyric

formal praise; encomium; Ex. I don't deserve such panegyrics.

194

panoramic

denoting an unobstructed and comprehensive view; N. panorama: unbroken view of a wide area

195

pantomime

acting without dialogue; V.

196

papyrus

ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant

197

parable

short simple story teaching a moral

198

paradigm

model; example that serves as a model; pattern; list of all the inflectional forms of a word

199

paradox

something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct

200

paragon

model of perfection; Ex. paragon of virtue