Book15 Flashcards Preview

Barron GRE > Book15 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Book15 Deck (200):
1

marred

damaged; disfigured; V. mar: spoil; disfigure

2

marshal

put in order; guide ceremoniously to the correct place; Ex. marshal the children into the museum; N: military officer; official

3

enlist

(cause to) join the armed forces; obtain (help, sympathy, or support)

4

marsupial

one of a family of mammals that nurse their offspring in a pouch(pocket of skin or leather); CF. kangaroo, opossum, wombat

5

martial

warlike; of war; Ex. martial art/law

6

cadet

student at a military school

7

martinet

strict disciplinarian; person who demands total obedience to rules and orders; CF. Jean Martinet

8

martyr

one who voluntarily suffers death for his or her religion or cause; great sufferer; Ex. martyr to his rheumatism

9

masochist

person who enjoys his own pain; CF. masochism

10

masticate

chew

11

materialism

preoccupation with physical comforts and things; excessive regard for worldly concerns (rather than spiritual matters)

12

maternal

motherly; N. maternity: motherhood

13

matriarch

woman who rules a family or larger social group

14

matriculate

enroll (in college or graduate school); CF. matrix

15

matrix

point of origin; array of numbers or algebraic symbols; mold or die; Ex. the matrix of Western civilization

16

maudlin

effusively sentimental

17

sentimental

swayed by sentiment; appealing to the sentiments

18

maul

handle roughly; batter; injure by beating; Ex. mauled by his overexcited fans; N: heavy long-handled hammer

19

mausoleum

monumental tomb; large stately tomb; CF. Mausolos

20

mauve

pale purple

21

maverick

rebel; nonconformist (in a group)

22

mawkish

mushy(sentimental) and gushy; icky-sticky sentimental; excessively and objectionably sentimental

23

maxim

proverb; truth pithily stated

24

mayhem

injury to body; crime of willfully maiming or crippling a person; violent disorder; Ex. mayhem in the zoo; CF. maim

25

meager

scanty; inadequate

26

mealymouthed

indirect in speech (when something unpleasant must be said); hypocritical; evasive

27

meander

wind or turn in its course; follow a winding or turning course; move aimlessly and idly

28

meddlesome

interfering; V. meddle: interfere

29

mediate

settle a dispute through the services of an outsider; act as an intermediary; produce by mediating; Ex. mediate a cease-fire

30

intermediary

intermediate; acting as a mediator; N: mediator; go-between

31

mediocre

ordinary; commonplace; neither good nor bad

32

meditation

reflection; thought; V. meditate

33

medium

element that is a creature's natural environment; nutrient setting in which microorganisms are cultivated; appropriate occupation or means of expression; channel of communication; compromise; middle position between extremes; intervening substance through which something else is transmitted

34

medley

mixture

35

meek

submissive; patient and long-suffering

36

suitor

man who is courting a woman

37

megalomania

mania for doing grandiose things; mental disorder characterized by delusions of wealth, power, or importance

38

melancholy

gloomy; morose; blue; N. ADJ. melancholic; CF. melancholia

39

blue

gloomy; depressed

40

melee

fight

41

mellifluous

(of words or a voice) sweetly or smoothly flowing; melodious; having a pleasant tune

42

memento

token; reminder of the past; keepsake; Ex. memento of your visit

43

memorialize

commemorate

44

memorial

something, such as a monument or holiday, intended to honor the memory of a person or event; ADJ: commemorative

45

menagerie

collection of wild animals on exhibition; zoo

46

mendacious

lying; habitually dishonest; N. mendacity

47

mendicant

beggar; ADJ: living as a beggar

48

alms

money or goods given to the poor

49

menial

suitable for servants; lowly; mean; N: someone who does menial work (esp. servant in a house)

50

mentor

counselor; teacher

51

mercantile

concerning trade or merchants

52

mercenary

motivated solely by money or gain; N.

53

mercurial

capricious; quick and changing; fickle; containing the element mercury; Ex. mercurial temper; CF. mood

54

quicksilver

mercury

55

meretricious

flashy; tawdry; attractive on the surface but of no real value; Ex. metericious argument/jewel; CF. prostitute

56

vulgar

of the common people; deficient in refinement; not refined; coarse; Ex. vulgar display of wealth; N. vulgarism: vulgarity; crudely indecent word; CF. vulgarian: vulgar person; boor; lout

57

merger

combination (of two business corporations); act of merging

58

mesmerize

hypnotize; N. mesmerism; CF. Franz Mesmer

59

metallurgical

pertaining to the art of removing metals from ores; N. metallurgy: science that deals with extracting metals from ores

60

metamorphosis

change of form; Ex. metamorphosis of caterpillar to butterfly; V. metamorphose: change by metamorphosis

61

metaphor

implied comparison; CF. simile

62

soar

rise or fly high in the air; Ex. The rocket soared into the sky.

63

metaphysical

pertaining to speculative philosophy; of metaphysics; N. metaphysics: branch of philosophy that examines the nature of reality

64

mete

measure; distribute; administer; Ex. mete out justice/punishment

65

meteoric

like a meteor; swift; momentarily brilliant; Ex. meteoric rise to fame; N. meteor

66

methodical

systematic; N. method: systematic method of procedure

67

meticulous

excessively careful (with great attention to detail); painstaking; scrupulous

68

metropolis

large city

69

mettle

courage (to continue bravely in spite of difficulties); spirit; ADJ. mettlesome

70

miasma

swamp gas; heavy vaporous atmosphere often emanating from decaying matter; pervasive corrupting influence; noxious atmosphere or influence

71

swamp

wetland; marsh; V: flood; overwhelm; drench in with liquid

72

microcosm

small representative world; world in miniature; Ex. microcosm of English society

73

miniature

small model; small painting; ADJ: small

74

migrant

changing its habitat; wandering; Ex. migrant birds/workers; N: one that migrates

75

migratory

wandering; V. migrate: move from one region and settle in another; move periodically from one region to another

76

milieu

social environment; means of expression; Ex. feel out of one's milieu; Ex. His proper milieu is watercolor.

77

militant

combative; bellicose; N.

78

militate

work against; Ex. militate against the chances of promotion; CF. serve as a soldier

79

militia

army composed of ordinary citizens rather than professional soldiers

80

millennium

thousand-year period (as in the New Testament); hoped-for period of happiness and prosperity

81

mimicry

imitation

82

mime

pantomime(act without dialogue); mimicry; mimer; V: mimic; pantomime

83

minatory

menacing; threatening

84

mincing

affectedly dainty(delicate); V. mince: cut (esp. meat) into very small pieces; walk with exaggerated primness; walk in an unnatural way, taking little short steps; Ex. The actor minced across the stage; CF. mincemeat; CF. mincer

85

dainty

delicate; delicately beautiful; fastidious; not easy to please; Ex. dainty movement/dress

86

exquisite

delicate; very finely made; extremely beautiful; Ex. exquisite piece of jewelry

87

choice

delicate; of very fine quality

88

minion

servile dependent; obsequious follower

89

minuscule(miniscule)

extremely small

90

minute

extremely small; CF. minutes: official record of the proceedings at a meeting

91

minutiae

petty or trivial details; CF. minutia

92

mirage

unreal reflection; optical illusion

93

mire

entangle; stick in swampy ground; stick or sink in mire; N: bog; deep mud; Ex. sucked deeper into the mire

94

mirth

merriment; laughter

95

misadventure

mischance; ill luck; Ex. death by misadventure

96

misanthrope

one who hates mankind; misanthropist

97

vile

despicable; unpleasant; disgusting; Ex. vile slander

98

misapprehension

error; misunderstanding; V. misapprehend

99

miscellany

mixture of writings on various subjects; collection of various items

100

miscellaneous

made up of a variety of parts

101

mischance

ill luck

102

misconstrue

interpret incorrectly; misinterpret; misjudge

103

miscreant

wretch; wrongdoer; villain; Ex. kindness to the miscreant; CF. believe

104

wretch

miserable person; bad or despicable person; ADJ. wretched: miserable; bad; contemptible; vile

105

misdemeanor

minor crime; misdeed; wrongdoing

106

misconduct

immoral behavior; bad management; V.

107

miserly

stingy; mean

108

misgivings

doubts

109

mishap

unfortunate accident

110

misnomer

wrong or improper name; incorrect designation

111

misogamy

hatred of marriage

112

misogynist

hater of woman; CF. misogyny

113

missile

object to be thrown or projected

114

missive

letter; written statement; CF. sent

115

mite

very small object or insect-like creature; small coin

116

mitigate

appease; moderate; make or become less in force or intensity

117

mnemonic

pertaining to memory; assisting the memory; N: device, such as as formula or rhyme, used as a mnemonic aid

118

mobile

movable; not fixed; N. mobility

119

mock

ridicule; deride; imitate often in derision

120

mode

prevailing style; current fashion; manner; way of doing something; Ex. in the latest mode; Ex. simple mode of life

121

modicum

limited quantity; small amount; Ex. He does not have a modicum of sense; CF. moderate

122

modish

fashionable; conforming to the current fashion

123

modulate

tone down in intensity; change the intensity or tone of; regulate; change from one musical key to another; Ex. modulate from E to G

124

mogul

powerful person; Ex. oil moguls; CF. Mogol, Moghul; CF. Mongolian

125

molecule

the smallest particle (one or more atoms) of a substance that has all the properties of that substance

126

mollify

soothe an angry person

127

mollycoddle

pamper; coddle; baby; indulge excessively

128

molt(moult)

periodically shed or cast off hairs or feathers (for replacement by a new growth)

129

molten

melted; Ex. molten lava

130

momentous

very important; N. moment; CF. momentary

131

momentum

quantity of motion of a moving body; impetus; moving force

132

monarchy

government under a single ruler

133

monastic

related to monks or monasteries; removed from worldly concerns

134

monetary

pertaining to money

135

monochromatic

having only one color

136

monochrome

painting in only one color; ADJ.

137

monogram

design composed of one or more initials of a name; V.

138

monograph

scholarly article

139

monolithic

solidly uniform; unchangeable; unyielding; N. monolith: large block of stone

140

monotheism

belief in one God

141

monotony

sameness leading to boredom; monotonousness; ADJ. monotonous; CF. monotone

142

monumental

massive; impressively large; built as a monument

143

moodiness

fits of depression or gloom; ADJ. moody: given to changeable moods; subject to periods of depression; gloomy CF. mood: state of mind or emotion

144

moratorium

legal delay of payment or action; Ex. declare moratorium on the building of new houses

145

morbid

given to unwholesome or unhealthy thought; moody; characteristic of disease; Ex. morbid curiosity; N. morbidity; CF. disease

146

mordant

biting; sarcastic; stinging; (apprec.) incisive; cutting; Ex. mordant pen/wit

147

mores

conventions; moral standards; moral customs

148

moribund

dying; at the point of death; CF. death

149

morose

ill-humored; sullen; sullenly melancholy

150

mortician

undertaker; CF. death

151

undertaker

funeral director; one whose business is to arrange burials

152

mortify

humiliate by embarassing excessively; shame; punish the flesh; discipline (one's body) by self-denial; Ex. mortified by her blunder; Ex. mortify the flesh; CF. cause to die

153

mosaic

picture made of small colorful inlaid tiles; ADJ.

154

mote

small speck (esp. of dust)

155

speck

small piece or mark; Ex. speck of dust in the eye

156

motif

theme; recurrent thematic element in a musical or literary work; single or repeated pattern; figure

157

motility

ability to move spontaneously; ADJ. motile: moving spontaneously

158

motley

multi-colored (as of a garment worn by a jester); mixed; heterogeneous; CF. jester: one who jests (as a paid fool at medieval courts)

159

motto

brief statement used to express a principle

160

mottled

blotched in coloring; spotted; Ex. mottled face; V. mottle: mark with blotches of different colors

161

blotch

spot; blot; CF. blot+botch

162

blemish

mar; spoil the beauty or perfection of; N: flaw or defect (that spoils perfection); Ex. blemishes in the crystal; CF. unblemished

163

mountebank

charlatan; boastful pretender

164

peddle

travel about selling (wares); CF. foot

165

muddle

confuse; mix up confusedly; N: state of confusion

166

muggy

(of weather) warm and damp

167

mulct

defraud a person of something; swindle; Ex. mulct the boy of his legacy

168

multifarious

varied; greatly diversified; Ex. multifarious activities

169

multiform

having many forms

170

multilingual

having many languages; fluent in several languages

171

multiplicity

state of being numerous or multiple; large number; Ex. multiplicity of details; ADJ. multiple: of more than one element

172

mundane

worldly as opposed to spiritual; everyday; of the ordinary; Ex. mundane existence; CF. world

173

munificent

very generous in giving; Ex. munificent benefactor; N. munificience

174

mural

wall painting

175

murky

dark and gloomy; thick with fog; vague; Ex. murky night/fog; N. murk: partial or complete darkness; gloom

176

muse

ponder at length; N: source of inspiration (esp. of a poet)

177

musky

having the odor of musk; N. musk: odorous substance secreted by an Asian deer

178

muster

gather; assemble (troops); Ex. muster up one's strength for the ordeal; N.

179

musty

stale (in odor or taste); spoiled by age; CF. moist

180

mutablility

ability to change in form; fickleness; ADJ. mutable: able to change; fickle; CF. mutate; CF. mutant

181

muted

silent; muffled; toned down; Ex. muted traffic noise

182

mute

silent; without speech; not pronounced; unable to speak; N: one who is incapable of speech; V: soften the sound, color, shade of

183

mutilate

maim; injure lastingly; deprive of a limb or an essential part

184

mutinous

unruly; rebellious; Ex. mutinous teenagers; N. mutiny: open rebellion; CF. mutineer

185

myopic

nearsighted; lacking foresight; N. myopia

186

myriad

very large number; ADJ. CF. ten thousand

187

nadir

lowest point; point on the celestial sphere diametrically opposite the zenith

188

naivet\'e(naivety)

quality of being unsophisticated; simplicity; artlessness; gullibility; ADJ. naive(na\"ive): ingenuous; lacking worldliness; simple; credulous

189

narcissist

conceited person; N. narcissism; CF. narcissus

190

narrative

related to telling a story; N: narrated account; story; V. narrate: tell (a story); CF. narration

191

nascent

incipient; coming into being or existence; Ex. nascent ability in music

192

natation

swimming

193

natty

neatly or smartly dressed; dapper; smart; Ex. natty dresser

194

smart

intelligent; quick and energetic; fashionable; Ex. smart pace/restaurant; V: cause or feel a sharp pain; N: smarting pain

195

nauseate

cause to become sick; fill with disgust; fill nausea

196

nausea

feeling of sickness and desire to vomit; disgust; CF. seasickness

197

nauseous

causing nausea; feeling nausea

198

nautical

pertaining to ships or navigation

199

navigable

(of a body of water) wide and deep enough to allow ships to pass through; (of a ship or aircraft) able to be steered

200

nebulous

vague; hazy; cloudy; of a nebula; Ex. nebulous proposal