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Flashcards in Book18 Deck (200):
1

poignancy

quality of being deeply moving; keenness of emotion; ADJ. poignant: touching; deeply moving; (of sorrow, grief, etc.) painful; keenly distressing to the mind; Ex. poignant memory/anxiety; CF. prick

2

polarize

split into opposite extremes or camps

3

polarity

state of having two opposite qualities

4

polar

of a pole; characterized by opposite extremes; Ex. polar opposites

5

camp

group sharing a common cause or opinion

6

polemic

attack or defense of an opinion; controversy or refutation; argument in support of point of view; N. polemics: art of debate or controversy

7

polemical(polemic)

aggressive in verbal attack; disputatious (rather than simply expressing opinions)

8

politic

prudent; judicious; well judged; expedient; well devised

9

polity

(particular form of) political organization; form of government of nation or state; Ex. student polity

10

polygamist

one who has more than one spouse at a time; CF. bigamy; CF. polyandry

11

polyglot

speaking several languages; multilingual; Ex. polyglot person/society; N.

12

pomposity

self-important behavior; acting like a stuffed shirt(pompous person); ADJ. pompous: self-important

13

ponderous

having great weight; weighty; unwieldy; lacking lightness; dull; Ex. ponderous body/style of writing

14

pontifical

pertaining to a bishop or pope; pompous or pretentious; CF. pontiff: pope; bishop

15

pore

study industriously; ponder; scrutinize; Ex. pore over the book; N.

16

porous

full of pores; like a sieve

17

interstice

narrow space between things

18

portend

foretell; presage; be a sign or warning of; N. portent: sign; omen; forewarning

19

soothsayer

one who foretells the future

20

portly

stout; corpulent

21

stout

rather fat; strong in body; sturdy; resolute; determined; strong in determination; Ex. stout stick/supporter

22

poseur

person who pretends to be sophisticated, elegant, etc., to impress others; person who poses; CF. pose

23

pose

assume a particular posture; put forward; present; affect a particular attitude (to impress others); Ex. pose a threat; N.

24

posterity

descendants; future generations; Ex. go down to posterity; CF. posterior, anterior

25

posthumous

after death (as of child born after father's death or book published after author's death); coming or occurring after one's death; Ex. posthumous fame/novel

26

postmortem

autopsy; ADJ: occurring after death; of a postmortem

27

postulate

self-evident truth; something assumed without proof; V: assume the truth of (as a basis of an argument)

28

posture

assume an affected pose; act artificially; N: pose; attitude

29

potable

suitable for drinking; drinkable

30

potent

powerful; convincing; persuasive; greatly influential

31

potentate

monarch; sovereign

32

potential

expressing possibility; latent; N: capacity for growth

33

potion

dose (of liquids); liquid dose

34

potpourri

heterogeneous mixture; medley; mixture of dried flower petals a pot (to give a pleasant smell to a room)

35

poultice

soothing application applied to sore and inflamed portions of the body

36

practicable

feasible

37

practical

based on experience; of or acquired through practice (rather than theory); useful; Ex. practical man

38

pragmatic

practical (as opposed to idealistic); concerned with practical worth or impact of something; Ex. pragmatic test of the skill

39

pragmatist

practical person; N. pragmatism: pragmatic way of dealing with things

40

prance

move about in a spirited manner (proudly and confidently)

41

prate

talk idly; speak foolishly; boast idly

42

prattle

talk idly; babble; N. CF. prate

43

idle

not working; not employed or busy; lazy; without purpose; useless; lacking substance; baseless; not based on truth; Ex. idle worker; Ex. talk idly; V.

44

preamble

introductory statement

45

precarious

unsafe; lacking in stability; uncertain; risky; Ex. precarious living

46

precedent

something preceding in time which may be used as an authority or guide for future action; V. precede; CF. unprecedented

47

precedent

preceding (in time, rank, etc.)

48

precept

practical rule guiding conduct; Ex. mother's precept

49

precipice

cliff; dangerous position; Ex. on the edge of the precipice

50

brink

edge (at the top of a cliff); Ex. on the brink of the Grand Canyon

51

precipitant

something that causes a substance in a chemical solution to separate out in solid form; OP. solvent

52

precipitate

hurl downward; throw headlong; hasten; cause to happen sooner; condense and fall as rain or snow; cause (a solid substance) to be separated from a solution; ADJ. hasty; rash; premature; sudden

53

precipitous

steep; overhasty; precipitate

54

pr\'ecis

abstract; concise summing up of main points; concise summary of a text

55

precise

exact

56

preclude

make impossible; prevent; exclude; eliminate

57

precocious

advanced in development; N. precocity

58

precursor

forerunner; predecessor

59

predator

predatory animal or bird; predatory person; creature that seizes and devours another animal; person who robs or exploits others; ADJ. predatory: living by preying on other organisms; plundering; N. predation

60

predecessor

former occupant of a post

61

predetermine

determine in advance; predestine; settle or decide beforehand; influence markedly

62

predicament

difficult situation; tricky or dangerous situation; dilemma

63

predilection

preference; partiality

64

predispose

give an inclination toward (in advance); make susceptible to; Ex. predispose people to certain cancer; N. predisposition

65

preeminent

outstanding; superior

66

preempt

prevent in advance; head off(forestall); forestall by acting first; appropriate for oneself before others; supplant; take the place of; displace; Ex. preempt any attempts; ADJ. preemptive

67

preen

make oneself tidy in appearance; feel self-satisfaction or pride; (of a bird) smooth or clean (feathers) with the beak; Ex. preen oneself on; CF. prune

68

prefatory

introductory; of a preface

69

prehensile

capable of grasping or holding (esp. by wrapping around); Ex. prehensile tails

70

prelate

church dignitary; priest of high position in the church (esp. bishop)

71

prelude

introduction; introductory performance or event; forerunner

72

premeditate

plan in advance; Ex. premeditated murder

73

premise

assumption; postulate; proposition upon which an argument is based

74

premonition

forewarning; presentiment; foreboding

75

premonitory

serving to warn

76

preponderance

superiority of power, quantity, etc.; V. preponderate: be greater in power, weight, or importance; ADJ. preponderant

77

preposterous

absurd; completely unreasonable; ridiculous

78

prerogative

privilege; unquestionable right; CF. ask before

79

presage

foretell; be a warning or sign of; N: presentiment; foreboding; omen

80

prescience

ability to foretell the future; knowledge of actions before they occur; ADJ. prescient

81

presentiment

premonition; foreboding; feeling something will happen; anticipatory fear

82

prestige

respect or admiration; impression produced by achievements or reputation; ADJ: causing admiration; ADJ. prestigious: having prestige

83

presumptuous

going beyond what is right; excessively forward; arrogant; taking liberties

84

presume

take for granted; assume; act overconfidently; take liberties; presume on/upon: take unfair advantage of (someone's kindness or connection); N. presumption

85

pretentious

ostentatious; showy; pompous; making unjustified claims; overambitious; Ex. pretentious films that claim to be art

86

pretend

feign; pretend to: claim to possess; make pretensions to; Ex. I don't pretend to much expertise; N. pretense

87

pretension

pretentiousness; claim (without foundation); Ex. I make no pretensions to skill as an artist.

88

preternatural

beyond what is normal in nature; supernatural; Ex. preternatural strength/forces

89

pretext

excuse

90

prevail

be widespread; triumph over; gain victory; prevail on: persuade; induce; Ex. Justice has prevailed; Ex. prevail on someone to do something

91

prevalent

widespread; generally accepted

92

prevaricate

lie; hide the truth (by equivocating)

93

prey

target of a hunt; victim; V: hunt and eat as prey; victimize; Ex. Cats prey on mice.

94

prim

proper to the point of affectation; very precise and formal; exceedingly proper

95

primogeniture

seniority by birth; state of being the first-born child; right of the eldest child (to inherit the entire property of one or both parents)

96

primordial

existing at the beginning (of time); rudimentary

97

primp

groom oneself with care; adorn oneself

98

pristine

unspoiled; remaining in a pure state; characteristic of earlier times; primitive; Ex. an old book in pristine condition

99

privation

lack of the basic necessities or comforts of life; hardship; want; CF. deprive

100

privy

secret; hidden; not public; made a participant in something secret; Ex. privy chamber government; Ex. be privy to a discussion; CF. private

101

probe

explore with a probe or tools; investigate; N: slender instrument used to explore a wound or body cavity; device designed to investigate an unknown region; thorough investigation; Ex. space probe

102

probity

uprightness; honesty; incorruptibility

103

defalcate

embezzle

104

problematic

causing a problem; open to doubt; doubtful; unsettled; questionable; Ex. Whether the arena will ever be completed is problematic.

105

proclivity

inclination; natural tendency (esp. towards something bad)

106

procrastinate

postpone; delay or put off

107

procurement

obtaining; V. procure: obtain by effort; obtain (a prostitute) for another

108

prod

poke (with a pointed object); stir up; urge; goad to action; N: pointed object used to prod; prodding

109

prodigal

wasteful; reckless with money; profuse; Ex. a mind prodigal of ideas; N. prodigality

110

prodigious

enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; Ex. prodigious amount/memory

111

prodigy

highly gifted child; person with exceptional talents; marvel; wonder

112

profane

violate; desecrate (something holy); treat unworthily; be profane for; ADJ: secular; nonreligious; irreverent for holy things

113

profligate

wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute; N: profligate person; N. profligacy

114

profound

deep; not superficial; complete; Ex. profound thinker/remark/silence/deafness; N. profundity

115

profusion

great amount; plenty; overabundance; excess; lavish expenditure; Ex. profusion of choices; ADJ. profuse: plentiful; copious; giving or given abundantly; extravagant

116

progenitor

ancestor

117

progeny

children; offspring; descendants

118

prognosis

forecasted course of a disease; prediction; CF. prognostic

119

prognosticate

predict (according to present indications)

120

prohibitive

so high as to prohibit purchase or use; tending to prevent the purchase or use of something; prohibiting; inclined to prevent or forbid; Ex. prohibitive tax

121

projectile

missile; fired or thrown object (such as stone or bullet)

122

proletarian

member of the working class; blue collar guy; N. proletariat: working class (who have to work for wages)

123

proliferate

grow rapidly (in numbers); spread; multiply; N. proliferation

124

prolific

producing offspring or fruit in abundance; fertile; fecund; abundantly fruitful; producing abundant works; Ex. prolific writer

125

prolixity

tedious wordiness; verbosity; ADJ. prolix: wordy; verbose; diffuse

126

prologue

introduction (to a poem or play)

127

feud

bitter prolonged quarrel (usually between two peoples or families); V. CF. Romeo and Juliet; CF. feudal, feudalism

128

prolong

lengthen; extend; draw out

129

prominent

protruding(sticking out); conspicuous; notable; eminent

130

promiscuous

mixed indiscriminately; indiscriminate; not choosing carefully; indiscriminate in the choice of sexual partners; irregular, particularly sexually; Ex. promiscuous life/girl; N. promiscuity

131

promontory

headland

132

promote

advance in rank; advance; help to flourish; advocate; help actively in forming; publicize or popularize; Ex. Milk promotes health; Ex. promote a match/bill; Ex. promote a new product

133

prompt

cause; urge; provoke; provide a cue (for an actor); ADJ: done without delay; done at the right time; punctual; on time; N: reminder or cue

134

cue

word or signal (as in a play to prompt another actor's speech or entrance); reminder or hint; V: give a cue to

135

promulgate

announce; proclaim a doctrine or law; make known by official publication

136

prone

inclined to; likely to (suffer); prostrate; lying with the front downward; Ex. prone to disease/make mistakes; Ex. accident-prone

137

propagate

increase in number by producing young; multiply; spread; Ex. Most plants propagate by seed; Ex. newspaper propagating their ideas

138

propellant(propellent)

substance which propels or drives forward (such as an explosive charge or a rocket fuel)

139

propensity

natural inclination

140

prophetic

of a prophet or prophecy; having to do with predicting the future; N. prophecy; V. prophesy; N. prophet

141

prophylactic

used to prevent disease; N: something prophylactic; condom; N. prophylaxis: prevention of disease

142

propinquity

nearness (in space or relationship); proximity; kinship

143

propitiate

appease; conciliate; make peaceful; ADJ. propitiatory

144

propitious

favorable; auspicious; advantageous; fortunate; Ex. propitious day/sign

145

horoscope

diagram of the positions of stars at a given moment (eg. of a person's birth) used by astrologers

146

proponent

supporter; backer; opposite of opponent

147

propound

put forth for consideration or analysis; set forth; Ex. propound a problem/theory

148

propriety

fitness; quality of being proper; correct conduct; conformity to prevailing customs and usages; CF. proprietor, proprietary

149

usage

act or manner of using; accepted practice; way in which words are actually used

150

propulsive

driving forward; N. propulsion

151

prosaic

lacking in imagination; dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact(concerned with facts, not imagination or feelings); factual; CF. prose

152

proscenium

part of stage in front of curtain; front arch of a stage

153

proscribe

prohibit; ostracize; banish; outlaw

154

outlaw

fugitive from the law (excluded from legal protection); V: declare (someone) to be an outlaw; deprive of the protection of the law; declare illegal; Ex. Drinking has been outlawed.

155

proselytize

(induce someone to) convert to a religion or belief; N. proselyte: new convert to a doctrine or religion

156

prosody

art of versification; study of the metrical structure of verse

157

metrical

metric; written in the form of poetry; Ex. metrical translation of Homer

158

meter

arrangement of words in the form of poetry (by accentual rhythm)

159

prosperity

good fortune and financial success; physical well-being

160

prosper

become successful (esp. financially); thrive; grow well; Ex. children prospering under his care

161

prosperous

successful; rich; affluent; well-to-do; well-off

162

prostrate

stretch out full on ground; make prostrate; enervate; Ex. prostrating illness; ADJ: lying face down; having lost all strength

163

protean

able to take on many forms; versatile; CF. Proteus: sea god to change his shape at will

164

prot\'eg\'e

person receiving protection and support from a patron

165

protocol

diplomatic etiquette; ceremony and etiquette observed by diplomats; first copy of a treaty before its ratification; Ex. Protocol demands that the queen meet him at the airport.

166

prototype

original work used as a model by others

167

protract

prolong; lengthen in time; draw out

168

protrude

stick out; jut; project; Ex. protruding teeth

169

protuberance

protrusion; swelling; bulge

170

bulge

protruding part; swelling of a surface; Ex. The apple made a bulge in his pocket; V: swell outward; protrude

171

provenance

place of origin; origin or source of something; Ex. Gunpowder is of Chinese provenance; CF. come

172

provender

dry food for livestock; fodder

173

provident

providing for future needs; displaying foresight; thrifty; preparing for emergencies; OP. improvident

174

providence

quality of being provident; divine care; god's care; Providence: god; Ex. It seemed like providence that the doctor happened to be there; ADJ. providential: of divine providence; fortunate

175

provincial

pertaining to a province; limited in outlook; narrow; unsophisticated

176

provisional

tentative; temporary

177

proviso

stipulation; condition in an agreement; provision

178

provision

act of providing; something provided; preparatory measure; provisions: necessary supplies (esp. food); stipulation; condition in an agreement; Ex. According to the provisions of the agreement

179

provocative

arousing anger or sexual interest; annoying; Ex. provocative in tight jeans; V. provoke: incite to anger; cause (an unpleasant action or feeling); N. provocation

180

prowess

extraordinary ability; military bravery; Ex. prowess in battle

181

proximity

nearness; ADJ. proximate

182

proxy

authorized agent; authority to act for another

183

prude

excessively modest or proper person (who is easily shocked by improper things, esp. of a sexual nature); N. prudery; ADJ. prudish: excessively concerned with propriety

184

prudent

cautious; careful; prudential

185

prune

cut away; trim

186

prurient

having or causing lustful desires and thoughts; arousing immoderate sexual desire

187

pry

inquire impertinently (someone else's private affairs); use leverage to raise or open something; prize; N. pries: tool for prying

188

prize

pry; move with a lever; value highly; esteem; Ex. his most prized possession; N: something captured during war-time (esp. an enemy ship)

189

pseudonym

pen name; fictitious name assumed by an author; ADJ. pseudonymous

190

psyche

soul; mind

191

psychiatrist

doctor who treats mental diseases

192

psychic

of psyche; mental; of or possessing extraordinary mental powers

193

psychopathic

pertaining to mental dearrangement; N. psychopath: person with an antisocial personality disorder

194

psychosis

mental disorder; ADJ. N. psychotic

195

psychosomatic

of the influence of the mind on the body (esp. with respect to disease)

196

pterodactyl

extinct flying reptile; CF. wing+finger

197

puerile

childish; immature; CF. puer: boy

198

pugilist

boxer; CF. pugilism: boxing

199

pugnacity

combativeness; disposition to fight; ADJ. pugnacious: (of people) belligerent; combative in nature

200

puissant

powerful; strong; potent; N. puissance: power