Book8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Book8 Deck (200):
1

eddy

swirling current of water, air, etc.; V.

2

edict

decree (especially one issued by a sovereign); official command

3

sovereign

ruler in a monarchy; ADJ: (of a country) independent and self-governing; having supreme power; supreme; excellent

4

sovereignty

complete independence and self-government (of a country); supremacy of authority; power to govern

5

edify

instruct; correct morally

6

edifice

building (of imposing size)

7

eerie

weird; causing fear because strange

8

efface

rub out; remove the surface of

9

effectual

able to produce a desired effect; valid

10

effective

effectual; producing a strong response; striking; in operation; in effect; Ex. effective speech/photograph

11

effectuate

effect; produce; achieve; Ex. effectuate a reconciliation

12

effeminate

having womanly traits

13

emasculate

weaken; castrate

14

castrate

remove the sex organs (of a male animal or person)

15

effervescence

inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce

16

effete

having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted

17

efficacy

power to produce desired effect; ADJ. efficacious: effectual

18

effigy

dummy; likeness of a person made of wood, paper, or stone; Ex. burn an effigy of the President

19

dummy

imitation of a real object used as a substitute; effigy

20

effluvium

noxious(harmful) smell

21

effrontery

rudeness without any sense of shame; shameless boldness; presumptousness; nerve; cheek

22

effulgent

shining brightly; brilliant

23

effusion

pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing

24

gush

(of liquid) pour out in large quantities from a hole; make an excessive display of feeling (without true feeling); Ex. Blood gushed from the wound.

25

egoism

excessive interest in one's self; belief that one should be interested in one's self rather than in others; selfishness; ADJ. egoistic, egoistical

26

ego

one's opinion of oneself; self-esteem

27

egotistical

egotistic; excessively self-centered(egocentric); self-important; conceited

28

egotism

tendency to speak or write of oneself excessively; conceit; self-importance

29

egregious

notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking

30

egress

exit; opening for going out; act of going out; OP. ingress

31

ejaculation

exclamation; abrupt ejection (to discharge sperm); V. ejaculate

32

elaboration

addition of details; intricacy

33

elaborate

work out carefully; add more detail or information; ADJ.

34

elated

filled with excited joy and pride; overjoyed; in high spirits; joyful and proud; Ex. elated crowd; V. elate; N. elation

35

elegy

poem or song expressing lamentation (for the dead); ADJ. elegiacal, elegiac

36

elicit

draw out fact or information (by discussion or from someone)

37

elixir

cure-all; panacea; something invigorating

38

ellipsis

omission of words from a text; mark used to indicate an omission (when the meaning can be understood without them); PL. ellipses

39

elliptical

elliptic; oval; of an ellipse; containing an ellipsis; ambiguous either purposely or because key words have been left out

40

eloquence

expressiveness; persuasive speech; ADJ. eloquent: movingly expressive; expressing ideas well so that the hearers can be influeneced

41

elucidate

explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid

42

elusive

evasive; not frank; baffling; hard to grasp, catch, or understand; V. elude: escape from; escape the understanding or grasp of; Ex. elude the hunter; Ex. His name eludes me.

43

elysian

relating to paradise; blissful

44

Elysium

place or condition of bliss

45

emaciated

thin and wasted (from hunger or illness)

46

emanate

issue forth; come out

47

emancipate

set free; liberate

48

embargo

ban on commerce or other activity

49

embark

commence; go on board a boat; begin a journey

50

embed(imbed)

enclose; place in something; fix firmly in a surrounding mass

51

embellish

adorn; ornament; enhance as a story (by adding fictitious details)

52

embezzlement

taking for one's own use in violation of trust; stealing (of money placed in one's care)

53

emblazon

ornament richly (a shield or flag); N. emblazonment

54

embody

give a bodily form to; incorporate; include

55

emboss

produce a design in raised relief; decorate with a raised design

56

embrace

hug; clasp with the arms; adopt or espouse; accept readily; encircle; include; Ex. embrace the cause/socialism; Ex. all-embracing; CF. brace; CF. bracelet

57

encircle

surround

58

embroider

decorate with needlework; ornament (a story) with fancy or fictitious details; embellish

59

embroil

throw into confusion; involve in strife, dispute, or quarrel; entangle; CF. imbroglio

60

embryonic

undeveloped; rudimentary; N. embryo: organism in the early stage of development

61

emend

correct (usually a text); N. emendation: correction of errors; improvement

62

emetic

substance causing vomiting; ADJ.

63

eminent

rising above others; high; lofty; distinguished; Ex. eminent position

64

emissary

agent (sent on a mission to represent another); messenger

65

emollient

soothing or softening remedy (for the skin); ADJ.

66

emolument

salary; payment for an office; compensation

67

empathy

ability to identify with another's feelings, ideas, etc.; identification with and understanding of another's feelings; V. empathize; CF. sympathy

68

compassion

sympathy for the suffering of others; ADJ. compassionate

69

empirical

based on experience

70

emulate

imitate; rival; try to equal or excel (through imitation)

71

enamored

in love; Ex. enamored of his own beauty; V. enamor: inspire with love

72

encipher

encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher

73

enclave

territory enclosed within an alien land

74

encomiastic

praising; eulogistic; N. encomium: very high praise; eulogy

75

encompass

surround; include; Ex. His activities encompass publishing and computers.

76

encroachment

gradual intrusion; Ex. I resent all these encroachments on my valuable time; V. encroach: take another's possessions or right gradually or stealthily; intrude; Ex. encroach on/upon

77

encumber

burden; N. encumbrance

78

endearment

fond word or act; expression of affection

79

endear

make beloved; Ex. endear her to everyone; ADJ. dear: loved; cherished; high-priced

80

endemic

prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country; peculiar to a particular region or people; CF. pandemic

81

endorse

approve; support; write one's signature on the back of; N. endorsement; CF. dorsal

82

endue

provide with some quality; endow

83

enduring

lasting; surviving; V. endure: bear (pain or suffering) for a long time; remain alive (in spite of difficulties); last; survive

84

energize

invigorate; give energy to; make forceful and active

85

enervate

weaken; take away energy from

86

enfranchise

admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote); CF. franchise

87

engage

attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; N. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle

88

engaging

charming; attractive

89

engaged

employed; busy; betrothed; involved in conflict

90

engender

cause; produce; give rise to

91

engross

occupy fully; absorb

92

enhance

increase; make greater (as in value, reputation, or usefulness); improve

93

enigma

puzzle; mystery; ADJ. enigmatic: obscure; puzzling

94

puzzle

baffle or confuse by a difficult problem; ponder over a problem in an effort to solve; clarify or solve by reasoning; Ex. puzzle out the answer; N.

95

enjoin

command; order; forbid

96

enmity

ill will; hatred; hostility

97

ennui

boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF. annoy

98

enormity

hugeness (in a bad sense); excessive wickedness; Ex. enormity of the crime; ADJ. enormous

99

enrapture

please intensely; fill with rapture and delight

100

ensconce

settle comfortably; place comfortably (in a secure place)

101

ensue

follow (as a result)

102

entail

make necessary; require; necessitate; involve; limit the inheritance of (property) to a specified succession of heirs; Ex. entail A on/upon B

103

enterprising

full of initiative; showing enterprise

104

enterprise

willingness to take new ventures; initiative; business organization; plan (that is difficult or daring); Ex. their latest enterprise to sail round the world in a small boat

105

enthrall

capture; enslave; captivate; hold the complete attention of (as if magic); hold spellbound

106

entice

lure; persuade to do (something wrong); attract; tempt

107

mischief

behavior (of children) causing trouble with no serious harm; damage; harm; Ex. mischief to the crops; ADJ. mischievous: causing mischief; playfully troublesome

108

entity

real being

109

entomology

study of insects

110

entrance

put under a spell(condition caused by magical power); carry away(fill with strong feeling) with emotion; put into a trance; fill with delight

111

trance

hypnotic state; ecstatic state; detachment from one's physical surrounding (as in contemplation or daydreaming); CF. transition

112

hypnosis

induced sleeping state; ADJ. hypnotic; V. hypnotize

113

entreat

plead; ask earnestly

114

entree(entr\'ee)

entrance; a way in; right to enter; main dish of a meal; Ex. entree into the exclusive circle

115

entrepreneur

businessperson (who assumes the risk of a business venture); contractor; ADJ. entrepreneurial

116

enumerate

list; mention one by one

117

enunciate

announce; proclaim; utter or speak, especially distinctly; pronounce clearly; articulate; Ex. This theory was first enunciated by him.

118

environ

enclose; surround; N. environs: surrounding area (as of a city)

119

eon(aeon)

long period of time; an age; longest division of geologic time containing two or more eras

120

epaulet(epaulette)

ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)

121

fringe

decorative edge of hanging threads; edge

122

ephemeral

short-lived; fleeting

123

fleet

fast; rapid; N. ADJ. fleeting: passing quickly; ephemeral

124

epic

long heroic poem, novel, or similar work of art (celebrating the feats of a hero); ADJ: (of stories or events) resembling an epic; grand

125

epicure

connoisseur of food and drink; gourmet; ADJ. epicurean; CF. Epicurus

126

Epicurean

believing that pleasure is good and suffering is bad and should be avoided; N.

127

epigram

witty thought or saying, usually short

128

epilogue

short speech at conclusion of dramatic work

129

episodic

(of a story or play) loosely connected; made up of separate and loosely connected parts; N. episode: incident in the course of an experience

130

epistemologist

philosopher who studies the nature of knowledge; N. epistemology

131

epitaph

inscription in memory of a dead person (as on a tombstone)

132

epithet

word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing; descriptive phrase to characterize a person (often contemptous)

133

epitome

perfect example or embodiment; brief summary; Ex. epitome of good manners; V. epitomize: make an epitome of; be an epitome of; embody

134

epoch

period of time

135

equable

tranquil; of even calm temper; (of temperature) steady; uniform

136

equanimity

calmness of temperament; composure

137

equestrian

rider on horseback; ADJ.

138

equilibrium

balance of opposing forces; balance of the mind; equanimity

139

equine

resembling a horse; Ex. equine face

140

equinox

period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn; Ex. vernal/autumnal equinox; ADJ. equinoctial

141

equipoise

balance; balancing force; equilibrium

142

equitable

fair; impartial; OP. inequitable

143

equity

fairness; justice; OP. inequity

144

equivocal

(of words or statements) ambiguous; intentionally misleading; (of behavior) questionable; OP. unequivocal

145

equivocate

use equivocal language to deceive people; lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth; N. equivocation

146

erode

eat away; wear away gradually by abrasion; Ex. The sea erodes the rocks.

147

erotic

pertaining to passionate love or sexual love

148

errant

wandering (esp. in search of adventure); straying from proper moral standards; Ex. knight-errant

149

erratic

odd; irregular in movement or behavior; unpredictable

150

erroneous

mistaken; wrong; incorrect

151

erudite

(of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly; N. erudition

152

escapade

prank; flighty conduct; reckless adventure that disobeys rules

153

prank

mischievous trick

154

flighty

(esp. of a woman's behavior) capricious; often changing, esp. from one lover to another; impulsive

155

eschew

avoid habitually; Ex. eschew alcoholic drinks

156

esoteric

hard to understand; known only to the chosen few, esp. initiates; N. esoterica

157

espionage

spying

158

espouse

adopt; support (an idea or aim); marry; N. espousal

159

esteem

respect; value; judge; N.

160

estranged

separated; alienated; V. estrange: alienate (people in a family); N. estrangement

161

ethereal

like a spirit or fairy; unearthly light; heavenly; unusually refined; Ex. She has an ethereal beauty; CF. ether: upper air

162

airy

of air; high in the air; lofty; immaterial; unreal

163

ethnic

relating to races

164

ethnology

study of humankind; study of the different races of human beings; CF. anthropology

165

ethos

underlying character of a culture, group, etc.; character or ideas peculiar to a specific person, group, or culture; Ex. the company ethos

166

etymology

study of word parts; study of the origins of words

167

eugenic

pertaining to the improvement of race; N. eugenics: study of hereditary improvement of the human race

168

eulogistic

praising; full of eulogy

169

eulogy

expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death; V. eulogize

170

euphemism

mild expression in place of an unpleasant one; ADJ. euphemistic

171

euphony

sweet sound; ADJ. euphonious

172

euphoria

feeling of exaggerated or unfounded(ungrounded; baseless) well-being; feeling of great happiness or well-being (when unreasonable); ADJ. euphoriaric

173

euthanasia

mercy killing

174

evanescent

fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; V. evanesce

175

evasive

not frank; trying to hide the truth; eluding; evading; V. evade: avoid (a duty or responsibility) or escape from by deceit

176

evince

show clearly

177

evenhanded

impartial; fair

178

evocative

tending to call up (emotions, memories)

179

evoke

call forth (memory or feeling); Ex. That old film evoked memories of my childhood; N. evocation

180

ewe

female sheep

181

ram

male sheep; V. strike or drive against with a heavy impact

182

exacerbate

worsen; aggravate; embitter

183

embitter

make bitter; fill with painful or bitter feelings; make sad and angry; Ex. He was embittered by many disappointments.

184

exacting

extremely demanding; Ex. exacting standard of safety

185

exact

demand and obtain by force; Ex. exact a promise from him; N. exaction

186

exalt

raise in rank or dignity; praise highly; inspire; Ex. exalt the imagination; ADJ. exalted; N. exaltation

187

exasperate

vex; annoy or make angry (by testing the patience)

188

exceptionable

objectionable; likely to cause dislike; offensive; CF. unexceptionable: entirely acceptable

189

except

exclude; N. exception: objection; exclusion; ADJ. exceptional: unusual; of unusually high quality

190

excerpt

selected passage (written or musical) taken from a longer work; V.

191

exchequer

treasury; Ex. Chancellor of the exchequer

192

chancellor

legal official of high rank; CF. chancellery(chancellory): position of a chancellor

193

treasure

keep as precious; cherish

194

excise

cut away; cut out; N: government tax on good produced and used inside a country; N. excision

195

exclaim

cry out suddenly; N. exclamation; ADJ. exclamatory

196

excoriate

scold with biting harshness; censure strongly; strip the skin off

197

exculpate

clear from blame or guilt

198

execrable

very bad; detestable

199

execrate

curse; express abhorrence for; detest

200

execute

put into effect; carry out; kill as a lawful punishment; N. execution