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Flashcards in Book17 Deck (200):
1

parallelism

state of being parallel; similarity; analogy

2

parallel

similar; analogous; corresponding; N: parallel line; person or thing that is parallel (to another); similarity; Ex. know of no parallel to the case; Ex. without parallel; V: be similar to; make parallel; Ex. Your experience parallels mine; CF. unparalleled

3

parameter

limit; independent variable; Ex. parameters of the problem; Ex. within the parameters of the budget

4

paramount

foremost in importance; supreme; CF. para-: beyond; above; Ex. paranormal

5

paramour

illicit lover

6

inamorata

woman whom a man loves

7

paranoia

psychosis marked by delusions of grandeur or persecution; N: ADJ: paranoid, paranoiac

8

paraphernalia

equipment; odds and ends used in a particular activity; personal belongings; Ex. photographic paraphernalia; CF. married woman's property exclusive of her dowry

9

dowry

money or property brought by a bride to her husband at marriage

10

paraphrase

restate a passage in one's own words while retaining thought of author; N: restatement of a text in other words

11

parasite

animal or plant living on another; toady; sycophant; CF. para-: beside

12

infest

inhabit in numbers large enough to be harmful; Ex. Mice infested the house; Ex. shark-infested waters

13

parched

extremely dry; very thirsty; V. parch: make or become extremely dry (by exposure to heat)

14

pariah

social outcast; Ex. Mariah the pariah

15

outcast

one that has been excluded from a society; ADJ.

16

parity

equality; close resemblance; CF. disparate

17

parlance

language; manner of speaking; idiom; Ex. in legal/common parlance

18

parley

conference (between opponents); CF. speak

19

parochial

narrow in scope or outlook; provincial; related to parishes

20

parish

area in the care of a single priest and served by one main church

21

outlook

point of view; view from a particular place; expectation for the future; prospect; Ex. outlook on life; Ex. pleasing outlook; Ex. weather outlook

22

parody

humorous imitation; spoof; takeoff; travesty; V.

23

spoof

parody

24

takeoff

burlesque; act of leaving the ground

25

paroxysm

fit or attack of pain, laughter, rage; sudden outburst

26

parquet

floor made of wood strips inlaid in a mosaic like matter; CF. strip: long narrow piece

27

parry

ward off a blow; deflect; Ex. He parried the unwelcome question very skillfully; N.

28

ward

administrative division of a city; division in a hospital or prison; incompetent person placed under the protection of a guardian; V: guard; ward off: avert

29

parsimony

stinginess; excessive frugality; ADJ. parsimonious

30

partial

incomplete; favoring one side over another; having a liking for something

31

partiality

state of being partial; inclination; favorable bias; special fondness; preference

32

partisan

one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party (with dislike of any others); N: strong supporter of a party; guerrilla

33

parvenu

upstart; newly rich person

34

partition

divide into parts

35

pass\'e

old-fashioned; past the prime

36

passive

not active; acted upon; receiving an action without acting in return; accepting without resistance

37

pastiche

imitation of another's style in musical composition or in writing; work of art openly imitating the works of other artists

38

pastoral

rural; of rural life; idyllic; of a pastor

39

patent

obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; Ex. patent to everyone; N.

40

pathetic

causing sadness, compassion, pity; touching

41

touching

causing a feeling of pity or sympathy; pathetic; V. touch: cause to feel pity or sympathy; ADJ. touched

42

pathological

pertaining to disease; N. pathology: study of disease

43

pathos

tender sorrow; pity; quality in art or literature that produces these feelings; Ex. pathos that runs through the novel

44

patina

green crust on old bronze works or copper; tone slowly taken by varnished painting

45

varnish

paint used to coat a surface with a glossy film; glossy coating produced by using this substance; Ex. nail varnish; V.

46

patois

local or provincial dialect

47

patriarch

father and ruler of a family or tribe

48

patrician

noble; aristocratic; N: person of high rank; aristocrat; CF. member of the governing classes in ancient Rome; CF. plebian

49

patronize

support; act superior toward; treat in a condescending manner; be a customer of; N. patron: one that supports; regular customer; N. patronage; CF. boycott

50

paucity

scarcity; dearth

51

pauper

very poor person

52

peccadillo

slight offense or fault; CF. sin

53

swipe

hit with a sweeping motion; N.

54

pecuniary

pertaining to money

55

pedagogue

teacher; CF. child leader

56

pedagogy

teaching; art of education

57

pedant

scholar who overemphasizes book learning, trivial details of learning, or technicalities

58

pedantic

bookish; showing off learning; marked by an excessive ostentatious concern for book learning; N. pedantry

59

bookish

fond of books and reading

60

studious

given to diligent study

61

pedestrian

ordinary; dull; unimaginative(lacking in imagination); going on foot; Ex. pedestrian prose; N.

62

precinct

division of a city for election or police purposes; precincts: space that surrounds a building; Ex. precincts of the college

63

pedigree

ancestry; lineage

64

pediatrician

physician specializing in children's diseases; N. pediatrics

65

peerless

having no equal; incomparable

66

peer

one who has equal standing with another; nobleman; V: look intently; N. peerage; CF. peeress

67

pejorative

(of a word or phrase) suggesting that someone is of little value; negative in connotation; having a belittling effect; Ex. Many women now considers ``housewife'' a pejorative expression, because it patronized them.

68

pell-mell

in confusion; disorderly; Ex. dash pell-mell

69

pellucid

transparent; limpid(crystal clear); clear in meaning; easy to understand

70

penance

self-imposed punishment for sin; Ex. do penance for one's sins; CF. penitent

71

penchant

strong inclination; strong liking (esp. for something that is disapproved of by other people); Ex. penchant for fast cars

72

pendant(pendent)

hanging down from something; pending; N: ornament (hanging from a necklace etc.)

73

pending

not yet decided or settled; impending; Ex. pending decision; PREP. while awaiting; until; Ex. delay the decision pending his return

74

pendulous

hanging; suspended

75

suspend

cause to stop for a period; interrupt; hold in abeyance; defer; hang from above; exclude for a period from a position; Ex. suspended state; Ex. suspend judgment; Ex. suspended from the team; N. suspension

76

suspense

state of being undecided; anxiety or apprehension resulting from uncertainty

77

penitent

repentant; N.

78

pensive

dreamily or deeply thoughtful; sadly thoughtful; thoughtful with a hint of sadness; contemplative; CF. think over

79

penumbra

partial shadow (in an eclipse); CF. almost shadow

80

penury

extreme poverty; stinginess; ADJ. penurious: very poor; stingy

81

peon

landless agricultural worker; bond servant; menial worker; N. peonage

82

perceptive

insightful; showing a good ability at perceiving and understanding; aware; wise; of perception

83

percussion

striking one object against another sharply; Ex. percussion instrument; N: striking together of two bodies; sound caused by percussion

84

perdition

damnation; complete ruin; hell

85

damn

condemn; criticize severely; condemn to everlasting punishment; doom; bring to ruin; N. damnation

86

doom

condemnation to a severe penalty; ruin; fate (esp. a tragic or ruinous one); V.

87

peregrination

journey; V. peregrinate

88

peremptory

demanding and leaving no choice; imperative; Ex. peremptory decree/knock

89

perennial

something long-lasting; perennial plant; ADJ: lasting through the year or many years; lasting for a long time; enduring

90

perfidious

treacherous; disloyal; N. perfidy: treachery

91

perforate

pierce; put a hole through

92

perfunctory

done routinely and with little care; superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; Ex. perfunctory kiss

93

perigee

point of moon's orbit when it is nearest the earth; CF. apogee

94

perimeter

outer boundary; length of the outer boundary; circumference

95

bound

leap or spring; limit or confine; constitute the limit of; Ex. bounded by Canada; N: leap or jumping; boundary; ADJ: certain; having a duty to do something (legally or morally); confined by bonds; Ex. We are bound to be late; Ex. I am bound to say my opinion; CF. bounce, rebound

96

peripatetic

walking about from place to place (to work); moving; Ex. peripatetic school of philosophy

97

peripheral

of a periphery; marginal; outer; of minor importance; not central; Ex. peripheral nerve/interest

98

periphery

outside edge especially of a round surface; perimeter; Ex. periphery of the town

99

perjury

false testimony while under oath; V. perjure oneself: testify falsely under oath

100

permeable

that can be permeated; penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through; V. permeate: spread or flow throughout; charge

101

pernicious

very harmful; deadly; very destructive; Ex. pernicious effect/anemia

102

peroration

conclusion of an oration; perorating; V. perorate: conclude a speech; speak at great length

103

perpetrate

commit an offense; do (something wrong)

104

perpetual

everlasting

105

perpetuate

make perpetual; make something last for a long time; preserve from extinction; N. perpetuity

106

perquisite(perk)

any gain above stipulated salary; Ex. perquisites such as free meals and a car

107

personable

attractive (in personality or appearance)

108

perspicacious

(of someone) having insight; penetrating; astute

109

perspicuity

clearness of expression; freedom from ambiguity

110

perspicuous

(of something) plainly expressed; easy to understand; Ex. perspicuous comments

111

pert

(esp. of a girl or young woman) impertinent; forward; trim; jaunty; Ex. pert young miss/hat

112

forward

presumptuous or bold

113

pertinacious

holding tenaciously to an action; stubborn; persistent

114

pertinent

suitable; to the point; relevant

115

perturb

disturb greatly

116

peruse

read through with care; N. perusal

117

pervasive

spread throughout; V. pervade: (of smells, ideas, feelings) spread throughout; charge; permeate

118

perverse

purposely continuing to do something wrong; stubbornly wrongheaded; perverted; directed away from what is right; wicked and unacceptable; Ex. perverse satisfaction; Ex. Hannibal Lecter in a perverse mood; N. perversity

119

perversion

corruption; turning from right to wrong

120

pervert

corrupt; turn from right to wrong; misuse; Ex. perverted sexual desire/scientific knowledge; N: person whose sexual behavior is not natural

121

wrongheaded

stubbornly wrong

122

pessimism

belief that life is basically bad or evil; gloominess; tendency to take the gloomiest possible view of a situation; ADJ. pessimistic

123

pestilential(pestilent)

causing plague; tending to cause death; baneful; N. pestilence: fatal epidemic disease (esp. bubonic plague)

124

pestle

tool for mashing or grinding substances in a hard bowl or mortar

125

mortar

vessel in which substances are crushed with a pestle

126

mash

crush into mash; convert into mash; N: mixture of ground grain and nutrients fed to livestock and fowl

127

petrify

turn to stone; cause to become stonelike; stun or paralyze

128

petty

trivial; unimportant; very small; small-minded; petty-minded

129

petulant

touchy; peevish; ill-tempered

130

phalanx

formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense)

131

pharisaical

pertaining to the Pharisees, who paid scrupulous attention to tradition; self-righteous; hypocritical

132

pharisee

Pharisee: member of an ancient Jewish group that emphasized strict observance of the Mosaic law (considering themselves very holy); hypocritical self-righteous person

133

self-righteous

sure of one's own righteousness; moralistic

134

phenomena

observable facts; subjects of scientific investigation; SG. phenomenon: observable fact; very unusual person, thing, or event; marvel; wonder; CF. phenomenons; ADJ. phenomenal: very unusual; extraordinary; of a phenomenon; Ex. phenomenal strength

135

philanderer

faithless lover; flirt

136

philanthropist

lover of mankind; doer of good; N. philanthropy

137

philatelist

stamp-collector; N. philately: stamp collecting

138

philistine

narrow-minded person, uncultured and exclusively interested in material gain; uncultured person who is indifferent to artistic and cultural values; member of an ancient people in Palestine; OP. aesthete

139

philology

study of language or words

140

phlegmatic

calm and unexcitable; not easily disturbed; CF. phlegm: sticky mucus produced in the respiratory tract

141

phobia

morbid fear

142

phoenix

symbol of immortality or rebirth; Ex. phoenix rising from its ashes

143

phylum

major classification, second to kingdom, of plants and animals; category ranking below a kingdom and above a class; division

144

physiognomy

face (as showing the character and the mind); art of judging human character from facial features

145

physiological

pertaining to the science of the function of living organisms; N. physiology

146

piebald

of different colors; mottled; spotted in different colors (esp. in black and white); Ex. piebald horse; CF. pie+bald

147

piecemeal

one part at a time; gradually; in stages; Ex. read a novel piecemeal

148

pied

piebald; variegated(many-colored); multicolored

149

piety

devoutness; reverence for God; ADJ. pious

150

pigment

coloring matter (usually powder to be mixed with water or oil)

151

pillage

plunder

152

pillory

punish by placing in a wooden frame or pillory; subject or expose to criticism and ridicule; N.

153

pine

long for; yearn; languish from longing or grief; decline

154

pinion

restrain or immobilize by binding the wings or legs; N: bird's wing

155

pinnacle

peak; highest point; acme; Ex. pinnacle of fame

156

pious

devout; religious; N. piety

157

piquant

pleasantly tart-tasting; spicy; pleasantly stimulating; Ex. piquant situation when my old enemy asked for my help

158

tart

sharp to the taste; acid-tasting; caustic; sarcastic; Ex. tart apple/reply

159

sour

having a sharp or acid taste; acid; tart; bad-tempered; V.

160

pique

irritation; resentment from wounded pride (eg. loss in a contest); V: provoke; arouse; annoy; cause to feel resentment; Ex. pique her curiosity

161

piscatorial

pertaining to fishing; CF. Pisces

162

pitfall

hidden danger; concealed trap

163

beware

be cautious (of)

164

pith

core or marrow; spongelike substance in the center of stems; essence; substance

165

marrow

soft fatty tissue that fills most bone cavities and is the source of blood cells

166

pithy

concise and meaningful; substantial; meaty

167

pittance

small amount (of money); small allowance or wage

168

pivotal

of a pivot; central; critical; crucial

169

placate

pacify; bring peace to; conciliate; appease

170

placebo

harmless substance prescribed as a dummy pill

171

tablet

small round piece of medicine; flat piece of stone or metal bearing an inscription; Ex. stone tablet on the wall

172

placid

peaceful; calm; Ex. placid child/lake

173

plagiarize

steal another's ideas or writings and pass them off as one's own; Ex. ideas plagiarized from my article; N. plagiarism; CF. kidnap

174

plaintive

expressing sorrow; mournful; Ex. plaintive song

175

plait

braid; interwine; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; Ex. plaited hair; N: braided length as of hair o fabric; CF. pigtail, ponytail

176

plasticity

ability to be molded; ADJ. plastic: capable of being shaped or molded; Ex. plastic material such as clay

177

platitude

trite remark; commonplace statement; ADJ. platitudinous

178

commonplace

ordinary; N: something ordinary or common; trite remark

179

commonwealth

nation governed by the people; republic; people of a nation

180

platonic

purely spiritual; theoretical; without sensual desire

181

plaudit

praise; enthusiastic approval; round(succession or series) of applause; ADJ. plauditory; CF. applaud

182

plausible

conceivably true; having a show of truth but open to doubt; specious

183

plebeian

common; vulgar; pertaining to the common people; N: common people in ancient Rome; CF. patrician

184

plebiscite

direct vote by the entire electorate (on an important issue)

185

referendum

direct vote by all the people

186

plenary

(of power) complete; full; fully attended by all qualified members; Ex. plenary power

187

plenitude

abundance; plenty; great amount; completeness; fullness; CF. plenary, plenty

188

plethora

excess; overabundance; Ex. a plethora of excuses

189

pliable

flexible; easily influenced; yielding; adaptable

190

pliant

flexible; easily influenced

191

plight

difficult condition; condition or state (esp. a bad state or condition); predicament

192

pluck

courage; V: pull off or out; pull out the hair or feathers of; ADJ. plucky: courageous; brave

193

plumage

feathers of a bird;

194

plumb

exactly vertical; N: weight on the end of a line; V: examine very carefully or critically in order to understand; measure depth (by sounding); Ex. plumb the depth of

195

plumber

one who installs and repairs pipes and plumbing(pipes)

196

plummet

fall sharply; fall straight down; Ex. Stock prices plummeted.

197

plutocracy

society ruled by the wealthy

198

podiatrist

doctor who treats ailments of the feet; chiropodist; N. podiatrics

199

podium

pedestal; raised platform

200

pedestal

support or base as for a pillar or statue