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Flashcards in Book24 Deck (159):
1

tread

walk; trample; N: grooved face of a tire; horizontal part of a step

2

vagary

capricious happening; caprice; whim; CF. wander

3

vagrant

wandering from place to place; roving; stray; moving in a random fashion; Ex. vagrant thoughts; N. vagrancy

4

vagrant

homeless wanderer

5

vainglorious

boastful; excessively conceited; N. vainglory: great vanity

6

valedictory

pertaining to farewell; N: farewell address (esp. at graduation exercises)

7

valediction

saying farewell; expression of leave-taking

8

leave-taking

farewell or departure

9

valid

logically convincing; sound; legally acceptable; effective; Ex. valid reasoning/passport

10

sound

in good condition; showing good judgment or good sense; thorough; complete; Ex. sound mind/investment/training

11

validate

make valid; confirm; ratify

12

valor

bravery; ADJ. valiant: possessing valor; brave

13

vampire

ghostly being that sucks the blood of the living

14

vanguard

forerunners; foremost position of an army; advance forces; foremost position in a trend or movement; CF. rearguard

15

avantgarde

group of artists whose work is based on the newest ideas and methods; CF. vanguard

16

vantage

position giving an advantage (such as a strategic point); CF. vantagepoint

17

vapid

lacking liveliness; dull and unimaginative; insipid and flavorless; Ex. vapid lecture

18

vaporize

turn into vapor (steam, gas, fog, etc.)

19

variegated

(esp. of a flower or leaf) many-colored

20

variegate

change the appearance of (by marking with different colors)

21

vassal

in feudalism, one who held land of a superior lord; subordinate or dependent

22

vaunted

boasted; bragged; highly publicized; V. vaunt: boast; brag

23

veer

change in direction; swerve

24

vegetate

live in a monotonous way (without interests or activity); CF. vegetation: plants of an area; CF. vegetarian; CF. vegan

25

vehement

forceful; intensely emotional; with marked vigor; strong; N. vehemence

26

velocity

speed

27

venal

capable of being bribed; corrupt; CF. vernal

28

vendetta

blood feud (esp. between two families); CF. Nina Williams

29

vendor

seller

30

veneer

thin surface layer (of good quality wood, glued to a base of inferior material); cover; surface show; fa\c{c}ade; V.

31

venerable

deserving high respect; commanding respect; CF. command: deserve and get

32

venerate

revere; treat with great respect

33

venial

(of a fault or sin) forgivable; trivial

34

venison

meat of a deer; CF. cow: beef; CF. pig: pork, ham, bacon; CF. calf: veal; CF. sheep: mutton; CF. lamb: lamb

35

venom

poison (of an animal); hatred; Ex. remarks full of venom; ADJ. venomous

36

vent

small opening; outlet (as of fumes or a gas); Ex. He gave vent to his anger by kicking the chair.

37

vent

release or discharge through a vent; express (esp. unfairly); utter; Ex. He vented his wrath on his family.

38

ventilate

admit fresh air into to replace stale air

39

ventral

abdominal

40

ventriloquist

someone who can make his or her voice seem to come from another person or thing (without moving lips or jaws); N. ventriloquism, ventriloquy

41

venture

risk; expose to risk; dare; undertake a risk; N.

42

brave

face courageously; Ex. brave the storm

43

venturesome

(of a person) bold; adventurous; daring; (of an action) risky

44

venue

location; place (of a crime, trial, gathering, etc.); CF. come

45

veracious

(of a person) truthful

46

veracity

truthfulness; adherence to the truth

47

verbalize

put into words; ADJ. verbal: of words; spoken rather than written; oral; of a verb

48

verbatim

word for word; in the same words; repeating the actual words exactly

49

verbiage

pompous array of words; too many unnecessary words; wordiness

50

verbose

wordy; N. verbosity

51

verdant

green; covered with green plants or grass; lush in vegetation; Ex. verdant meadows

52

lush

(of a plant or grass) growing very well

53

verdigris

green coating or patina on copper which has been exposed to the weather

54

verge

border; edge, rim, or margin; Ex. on the verge of: very near to; V: border on

55

verisimilar

having the appearance of truth or reality; probable or likely to be true; plausible

56

verisimilitude

appearance of truth; quality of appearing to be true or real; likelihood; Ex. verisimilitude of her performance as Lady Macbeth

57

veritable

being truly so; real or genuine; actual; not false or imaginary

58

verity

quality of being true; lasting truth or principle; Ex. the verity of his testimony; Ex. one of the eternal verities

59

vernacular

living language (as compared to the official language); language spoken in a country or region; natural style; Ex. lapse into the vernacular

60

vernal

pertaining to spring

61

versatile

having many talents; capable of working in many fields; having many uses or functions; N. versatility

62

vertex

summit; highest point; PL. vertices

63

vertigo

severe dizziness; giddiness

64

verve

enthusiasm (as in artistic performance or composition); liveliness; vigor

65

vestige

trace; remains; Ex. vestiges of some ancient religion

66

veto

vested power to reject a bill; exercise of this right; V: prevent or forbid by exercising the power of veto

67

vex

annoy; distress

68

viable

capable of maintaining life; feasible; practical or workable; Ex. viable scheme

69

viand

food; CF. live

70

vicarious

experienced as if one were taking part in the experience of another; done by a deputy for other people; acting as a substitute; Ex. vicarious thrill at the movies; Ex. the vicarious sufferings of Christ

71

vicar

parish priest; representative

72

vicissitude

change (esp. from good to bad); change of fortune; CF. the last emperor of China

73

victuals

food; provisions; V. victual: provide with food

74

vie

contend; compete

75

vigilant

watchful; on the alert; watchfully awake; alert to spot danger; N. vigilance

76

vigil

keeping watch (during normal sleeping hours); Ex. all-night vigil

77

vigilante

one who without authority assumes law enforcement powers

78

vigor

active strength; energy; enthusiasm; ADJ. vigorous

79

vignette

small drawing placed at the beginning or end of a chapter; picture; short literary sketch; short written description of a character or scene

80

vilify

slander; speak evil of; N. vilification

81

vindicate

clear from blame; free from blame or accusation (with supporting proof); exonerate; substantiate; justify or support; avenge; Ex. vindicate one's client; Ex. vindicate one's claim; CF. vindicator

82

vindictive

disposed to revenge; vengeful; out for revenge; spiteful; intended to cause harm; malicious; Ex. vindictive streak

83

vintner

wine merchant; winemaker; seller of wine

84

viper

poisonous snake

85

virile

manly; having masculine spirit or strength; full of strength

86

virtual

in essence; existing in essence though not in actual form; for practical purposes; Ex. virtual ruler/space

87

virtue

goodness; moral excellence; good quality; advantage; Ex. by virtue of; Ex. make a virtue of necessity

88

virtuoso

highly skilled artist (esp. in music); Ex. piano virtuoso

89

virulent

(of a disease or poison) extremely harmful or poisonous; (of a feeling) hostile; bitter; N. virulence; CF. virus; CF. venom

90

virus

disease communicator

91

visage

face; appearance

92

visceral

felt in one's inner organs; N. viscera: internal body organs; CF. eviscerate

93

viscid

adhesive; gluey

94

viscous

(of a liquid) thick and sticky; gluey; viscid; CF. consistency

95

vise

vice; tool for holding work in place; clamping device

96

visionary

produced by imagination; fanciful; mystical; showing foresight; N: one having foresight; one given to speculative impractical ideas

97

vision

eyesight; foresight; mental image produced by the imagination; experience of seeing the supernatural

98

vital

full of life; animated; vibrant and lively; critical; of great importance; necessary to stay alive; of life; living; breathing; N. vitality; V. vitalize

99

vibrant

full of vigor or energy; vibrating

100

vitiate

spoil the effect of; make inoperative; corrupt morally

101

vitreous

of glass; pertaining to or resembling glass; V. vitrify: change into glass; CF. petrify

102

vitriolic

causing sharp pain to the mind; caustic; corrosive; sarcastic; of vitriol; N. vitriol: sulphuric acid (which burns flesh deeply); bitterly abusive expression; caustic expression; CF. glass

103

vituperative

abusive; scolding; V. vituperate: berate; scold; rail against abusively

104

vivacious

lively or animated; sprightly

105

sprightly

lively

106

vivisection

act of dissecting living animals

107

vixen

female fox; ill-tempered woman; CF. shrew

108

vociferous

clamorous; noisy; V. vociferate: cry out loudly (when complaining)

109

vogue

popular fashion; Ex. Jeans became the vogue.

110

volatile

changeable; of a quickly changing nature (as of temper); mercurial; tending to violence; evaporating rapidly; Ex. volatile character/situation in the street

111

volition

act of using one's will; act of making a conscious choice; Ex. She selected this dress of her own volition.

112

voluble

fluent; talkative; glib; N. volubility

113

volley

simultaneous discharge of a number of shots; V.

114

voluminous

having great volume (as of a garment or container); bulky; large

115

bulk

size or volume (esp. when very large); main part; Ex. The bulk of the work has already been done; ADJ. bulky: having great size

116

voodoo

religion practiced chiefly in Haiti

117

voracious

ravenous; eating large quantities of food; exceedingly eager; insatiable; Ex. voracious animal/reader

118

vortex

whirlwind; whirlpool; center of turbulence; predicament into which one is inexorably plunged

119

vouchsafe

grant condescendingly; guarantee; Ex. vouchsafe your fair return on your investment

120

vouch

give a personal guarantee; Ex. I can vouch for his integrity; N. voucher

121

voyeur

Peeping Tom; person who derives sexual gratification from observing the sexual acts of others

122

vulnerable

susceptible to wounds or attack; N. vulnerability

123

vulpine

like a fox; crafty

124

craft

skill (esp. with one's hands); skill in deceiving people; guile; ADJ. crafty: cleverly deceitful; cunning

125

vulture

carrion-eating birds

126

vying

contending; CF. vie

127

waffle

speak equivocally about an issue; N.

128

waft

move gently (in air or in seas) by wind or waves; Ex. leaves wafting past the window

129

waggish

humorous; mischievous; tricky

130

wag

shake repeatedly from side to side; Ex. The dog wagged its tail; N: humorous person; wit

131

waif

homeless child or animal; Ex. waifs and strays

132

waive

give up temporarily; yield; N. waiver: waiving a right or claim; document that waives a right or claim

133

wake

trail of ship or other object through water; path of something that has gone before; Ex. hunger followed in the wake of the war

134

wallow

roll in mud; indulge in; (of a ship) roll in a rough sea; become helpless; Ex. wallow in the mud/luxury

135

wan

having a pale or sickly color; pallid

136

wanderlust

strong longing to travel

137

wane

decrease in size or strength (after being full); grow gradually to an end; Ex. The moon waxes and wanes every month; N.

138

wangle

achieve by cleverness or trick; wiggle out; fake; Ex. She tried to wangle an invitation to the party.

139

wiggle

wriggle; move from side to side with irregular twisting motions

140

fake

not genuine; N: one that is not genuine; impostor; sham; V: counterfeit; Ex. fake the results of the experiment/the signature

141

wanton

unrestrained; gratuitously cruel; willfully malicious; unchaste; sexually improper; promiscuous; Ex. wanton spending/killing; CF. having no just cause

142

warble

(of a bird) sing; babble; N.

143

warp

twist out of shape; N.

144

warranted

justified; authorized

145

warrant

justification; written order that serves as authorization (esp. a judicial writ); Ex. search/death warrant; V: justify; guarantee

146

warranty

guarantee; assurance by seller

147

warren

tunnels in which rabbits live; overcrowded living area; crowded conditions in which people live

148

wary

very cautious; watchful

149

wastrel

waster; profligate

150

wax

increase gradually (as the moon); grow

151

waylay

ambush; lie in wait for and attack

152

ambush

act of lying in wait to attack by surprise; sudden attack made from a concealed position; Ex. lie in ambush; V.

153

wean

accustom a baby not to nurse; accustom (the young of a mammal) to take nourishment other than by suckling; give up a cherished activity; cause to gradually leave (an interest or habit); Ex. wean oneself from cigarettes

154

weather

pass safely through (a storm or difficult period); endure the effects of weather or other forces

155

welt

raised mark from a beating or whipping

156

welter

confusion; turmoil; confused mass; bewildering jumble; Ex. welter of data

157

welter

wallow (as in mud or high seas); lie soaked (as in blood); Ex. The victims weltered in their blood.

158

wheedle

deceive, persuade, or obtain by flattery; cajole; coax; Ex. wheedle a promise out of her

159

whelp

young animal (esp. of the dog or cat family