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Flashcards in Book19 Deck (200):
1

pulchritude

beauty; comeliness; ADJ. pulchritudinous

2

pulmonary

pertaining to the lungs

3

pulsate

throb; beat regularly; vibrate regularly

4

pulse

rhythmical throbbing of arteries; brief sudden change in a normally constant quantity; V: pulsate

5

pulverize

crush or grind into very small particles

6

pummel

pommel; beat or pound with fists

7

punctilious

minutely attentive (perhaps too much so) to fine points; stressing niceties of conduct or form; N. punctilio, punctiliousness: careful attention payed to every small exact detail

8

pundit

authority on a subject; expert; learned person

9

pungent

stinging; acrid; sharp in taste or smell; (of speech or writing) caustic; N. pungency

10

punitive

punishing; Ex. punitive measures

11

puny

tiny; weak; insignificant

12

purchase

secure grasp or hold; firm grasp or footing

13

purgatory

place of spiritual expiation; temporary state or place in which the souls must expiate their sins

14

purge

remove or get rid of something or someone unwanted; eliminate; free from blame or guilt; cleanse or purify (esp. of sin, guilt, or defilement); N.

15

purport

intention; purpose; meaning; V: claim; profess; Ex. order which purports to be signed by the general

16

purported

alleged; claimed; reputed or rumored; Ex. purported Satanists

17

rooster

cock; adult male chicken

18

rabble

mob; noisy crowd

19

purse

pucker; contract (lips) into wrinkles; N: wallet

20

pucker

gather into wrinkles or folds; N: wrinkle or fold

21

purveyor

furnisher of foodstuffs; caterer; V. purvey: supply (eg. food); furnish; CF. provide

22

pusillanimous

cowardly; lacking courage; fainthearted

23

putative

supposed; reputed; generally regarded as such; Ex. putative father of the child

24

putrid

decayed and foul-smelling; foul; rotten; decayed; N. putridity

25

putrefy

make or become putrid; N. putrefaction

26

putrescent

becoming putrid; putrefying

27

gangrene

decay of body tissue caused by insufficient blood supply (usually following injury); ADJ. gangrenous

28

pyromaniac

person with an insane desire to set things on fire

29

quack

charlatan; impostor

30

quadruped

four-footed animal; ADJ. CF. biped

31

quaff

drink with zest; drink with relish(zest; hearty enjoyment)

32

quagmire

bog; marsh; soft, wet, boggy land; predicament; complex or dangerous situation from which it is difficult to free oneself

33

bog

soft wet land; V: hinder or be hindered; Ex. bogged down in the mud

34

quail

cower; shrink back in fear; lose heart

35

quaint

odd in an old-fashioned way; odd; old-fashioned; picturesque

36

qualified

limited; restricted; V. qualify: limit the meaning of; modify

37

qualms

uneasy feelings; misgivings; uneasy fears especially about matters of conscience; Ex. I have no qualms about giving this assignment to Helen.

38

quandary

dilemma; state of uncertainty; Ex. She is in a quandary about whether to go.

39

quarantine

isolation of a person, place, or ship to prevent spread of infection; V: isolate in quarantine

40

quarry

person or animal of pursuit; victim; object of a hunt; prey

41

quarry

dig into (to get stone); N: mine

42

bank

heap; piled-up mass; embankment; lateral tilting (as of an aircraft in turning); V: pile up; protect with a bank; tilt in turning

43

quash

crush; suppress; squash; subdue; annul; Ex. quash a rebellion/the decision of the low court

44

squash

crush; quash; suppress

45

quay

dock; wharf; pier; landing place (for boats)

46

queasy

experiencing nausea; nauseated; easily nauseated; squeamish; Ex. feel a little queasy

47

quell

suppress; put an end to; put down forcibly; extinguish; quiet; Ex. "Army Quells Rebellion'' in newspaper; CF. kill

48

quench

assuage or satisfy (thrust); slake; douse or extinguish; put out; suppress

49

squelch

produce a splashing sound (when stepping through mud); crush; squash

50

querulous

given to complaining; complaining; fretful; whining

51

whine

complain (in a sad voice); make a high sad sound (as in pain or supplication)

52

query

inquiry; question; V.

53

queue

line (of waiting people or vehicles)

54

quibble

minor objection or complaint; V: raise minor objections; carp; cavil

55

quiescent

dormant; temporarily inactive; at rest; N. quiescence

56

quietude

tranquillity; calmness

57

quintessence

purest and highest embodiment; perfect example; apotheosis; most essential element; Ex. quintessence of wit; ADJ. quintessential; CF. fifth essence

58

quip

taunt; clever sarcastic remark; V.

59

taunt

deride or provoke; challenge in derision; N.

60

quirk

sudden sharp turn or twist; startling twist; caprice; idiosyncrasy; peculiarity of behavior; Ex. by a quirk of fate

61

quisling

traitor who aids invaders; CF. Vidkun Quisling

62

quiver

case for arrows

63

quiver

tremble; shake; N.

64

leash

restraining rope fastened to the collar of an animal (to control it); Ex. a dog on a leash

65

quixotic

idealistic but impractical; CF. Don Quixote

66

quizzical

curious; suggesting puzzlement (without saying); questioning; teasing; mocking; bantering; Ex. quizzical glance

67

quorum

minimal number of members necessary to conduct a meeting

68

quotidian

daily; commonplace; customary; Ex. quotidian routine

69

rabid

of or suffering rabies; like a fanatic; extremely zealous; furious; CF. rabies: hydrophobia

70

raconteur

story-teller; one who tells stories with wit and skill

71

ragamuffin

dirty child in torn clothes; person wearing tattered clothes

72

tatter

torn piece of cloth; ADJ. tattered: (of clothes) old and torn; (of a person) dressed in old torn clothes

73

rail

complain bitterly; scold; rant; Ex. the weaker railing against injustices

74

raiment

clothing; garments; Ex. I have no raiment fit to wear.

75

rakish

jaunty; stylish; sporty; morally corrupt; dissolute; Ex. He wore his hat at a rakish and jaunty angle.

76

rake

angle of a slope; V: slant from the perpendicular

77

rake

immoral or dissolute person

78

rally

come or bring together; call up or summon (forces, vital powers, etc.); revive or recuperate (after illness or difficulty); N: act of rallying; mass gathering

79

ramble

wander aimlessly (physically or mentally); digress

80

ramification

branching out; subdivision; one branch of a system; one of the results following from an action or decision; Ex. ramifications of a business/the decision

81

ramify

branch out; divide into branches or subdivisions

82

ramp

slope; inclined plane or roadway (connecting two levels)

83

rampant

growing or spreading uncontrollably; growing in profusion; unrestrained; Ex. rampant lawlessness/weed

84

rampart

defensive mound of earth

85

ramshackle

(of a building or vehicle) poorly constructed; rickety; falling apart

86

rickety

(of buildings) likely to break or fall apart; of rickets; CF. rickets; CF. vitamin D

87

ransack

search thoroughly; pillage (going through a place); Ex. Enemy soldiers ransacked the town.

88

rancid

having the odor of stale or decomposing fat; rank

89

rank

offensive in odor or flavor

90

rancor

long-lasting hatred; bitterness; Ex. negotiation without rancor; ADJ. rancorous

91

random

without definite purpose, plan, or aim; haphazard; Ex. random shots; Ex. chosen at random

92

lot

object used in making a determination at random; fate; piece of land

93

draw

choosing of a lot or card

94

lottery

contest in which winners are selected in a drawing of lots

95

raffle

lottery; V: award as a prize in a raffle; Ex. raffle off a new car

96

rankle

irritate; fester; annoy

97

rant

speak violently or excitedly; rave; talk excitedly showing anger; scold; make a grandiloquent speech; Ex. The priest ranted about the devil.

98

rapacious

voracious; ravenous; taking everything one can; excessively grasping; plundering; subsisting on live prey; Ex. rapacious birds

99

rapport

close relationship; emotional closeness; harmony

100

rapt

engrossed; absorbed; enchanted; Ex. rapt listener

101

rarefied

made less dense (of a gas); V. rarefy: make less dense; N. rarefaction

102

rare

(of air) thin in density; rarefied; Ex. rare air of the mountains

103

raspy

making a harsh noise; grating; harsh

104

rasp

(of a sound) grate on (eg. nerves); make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; rub with something rough; Ex. The cat's tongue rasped my hand.

105

ratify

approve formally; confirm; verify

106

ratiocination

reasoning; act of drawing conclusions from premises; V. ratiocinate: reason logically

107

rationale

fundamental reason or principle (on which a system or principle is based); fundamental reason or justification; grounds for an action

108

rationalize

make rational; devise false reasons for (one's behavior); offer an excuse; give a plausible reason for an action in place of a true, less admirable ones; N. rationalization

109

rational

(of a person) having reason; (of ideas) based on reason; logical

110

ration

fixed portion; V: distribute as rations

111

raucous

(of voice) harsh and unpleasant; (of people) disorderly and boisterous; Ex. raucous shouts

112

ravage

devastate; plunder; despoil; Ex. crops ravaged by storms

113

maraud

move in search of plunder; Ex. marauding army

114

rave

overwhelmingly favorable review; V: talk wildly as if mad; Ex. raving lunatic

115

ravel

fall apart into tangles; entangle; unravel or untwist

116

ravenous

extremely hungry; voracious

117

ravine

narrow valley with steep sides; gorge; CF. gully, canyon

118

raze

destroy completely; Ex. raze the city to the ground

119

reactionary

strongly opposed to social or political change; opposing progress; politically ultraconservative; N. OP. radical

120

reinstate

restore to a previous condition or position

121

realm

kingdom; field or sphere; Ex. not within the realms of possibility

122

reaper

one who harvests grain; Ex. the Grim Reaper; V. reap: cut and gather (crop); harvest a crop

123

rebate

return of part of a payment; discount; V.

124

rebuff

reject bluntly; snub; beat back; Ex. She rebuffed his invitation; N.

125

snub

ignore or behave coldly toward; Ex. I made a suggestion but she snubbed me; N.

126

rebuke

scold harshly; criticize severely

127

rebus

representation of words in the form of pictures or symbols; puzzle in which pictures or letters stand for words; Ex. ``R U 18'' is a rebus for ``Are you 18''.

128

rebuttal

refutation; response with contrary evidence; V. rebut: refute; disprove

129

recalcitrant

disobedient or resisting authority even after being punished; obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority; unruly; Ex. recalcitrant child

130

recant

disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error; Ex. recant one's faith/a statement

131

recapitulate

summarize

132

recast

reconstruct (a sentence, story, statue, etc.); fashion again

133

fashion

give shape to; make; Ex. fashion the pot out of clay

134

receptive

quick or willing to receive (ideas, suggestions, etc.); Ex. receptive to the proposal

135

recession

withdrawal; retreat; time of low economic activity

136

recess

pause; temporary cessation; alcove; secret inner place; Ex. parliament in recess; V. CF. recessive

137

recidivism

habitual return to crime (even after being punished); N. recidivist

138

recipient

receiver

139

reciprocal

mutual; given and received in return; exchangeable; interacting; Ex. reciprocal trade agreement

140

reciprocate

do or give something in return; repay in kind; give or take mutually; interchange; move backwards and forwards; Ex. reciprocate his invitation by inviting him; N. reciprocity: reciprocal relationship; mutual interchange of advantages between two groups; Ex. reciprocity in trading rights

141

recluse

hermit; loner; ADJ. reclusive

142

reconcile

make friendly again (after quarrel); make consistent (two ideas in opposition); correct inconsistencies; Ex. reconcile one's political principles with one's religious beliefs

143

recondite

abstruse; not easily understood; profound; secret

144

reconnaissance

survey of enemy by soldiers; reconnoitering; V. reconnoiter: make a preliminary inspection of (esp. to gather military information)

145

recount

narrate or tell (a story); count over again

146

recourse

resorting to help when in trouble; Ex. without recourse to

147

resort

turn to for help; Ex. resort to violence; N.

148

makeshift

temporary expedient or substitute (in the case of urgent need); Ex. makeshift shelter

149

recreant

disloyal; cowardly; N: disloyal and cowardly person

150

recrimination

countercharges; V. recriminate

151

rectify

set right; correct; CF. rect-: right

152

rectitude

moral correctness; moral uprightness; moral virtue; correctness of judgment

153

recumbent

reclining; lying down completely or in part

154

recline

lie down

155

recuperate

recover; return to health; regain; Ex. recuperate losses

156

recurrent

occurring again and again

157

redolent

odorous; fragrant; suggestive (of an odor); Ex. redolent of onions/mystery

158

redoubtable

formidable; causing fear

159

redress

remedy; compensation; Ex. seek redress for the damage to your car; V: put right; remedy or rectify (a wrong); make amends for

160

redundant

superfluous; more than is necessary; verbose; excessively wordy; repetitious

161

reek

emit (an unpleasant odor or smoke); give off an unpleasant odor; give out smoke; Ex. reeking chimney; N: unpleasant odor; stench

162

stench

strong foul odor; reek; stink

163

stink

stench; V: emit a strong foul odor

164

refectory

dining hall; room where meals are served (in a school)

165

refraction

bending of a ray of light

166

refractory

unmanageable; disobedient and stubborn; Ex. refractory horse

167

refrain

abstain from; resist; forbear; N: chorus

168

chorus

phrase repeated throughout a song or poem

169

refulgent

effulgent; brilliant; brightly shining; gleaming; Ex. refulgent moon

170

gleam

brief flash of light; glow; V.

171

refurbish

renovate; make clean, bright, or fresh (make new) again; make bright by polishing; Ex. refurbish an old theater; CF. furbish: polish

172

refute

disprove; prove to be false; N. refutation

173

regal

royal; of a monarch; Ex. regal manner

174

regale

entertain

175

regatta

boat or yacht race

176

regeneration

spiritual rebirth; Ex. regeneration of the prisoners; V. regenerate: give or obtain new life; reform spiritually

177

penology

study of prison management and criminal rehabilitation

178

regicide

murder of a king or queen

179

regime

method of system or government

180

regimen

prescribed course of diet or exercise; prescribed diet and habits; Ex. daily regimen of a dancer

181

regiment

military unit; V: subject to strict order; Ex. regimented society

182

rehabilitate

restore to proper condition (health or useful life); restore the former rank of

183

reimburse

repay; pay back

184

reiterate

repeat

185

rejoinder

reply; retort; comeback; V. rejoin: say in reply

186

comeback

retort; quick clever reply; return to former status

187

rejuvenate

make young again

188

relegate

put into a lower or worse place; banish to an inferior position; delegate; assign; Ex. relegate the old furniture to the children's room; Ex. relegated to the second division

189

relent

become less severe; give in(surrender); ADJ. relentless: unyielding; continuously severe

190

relevant

having importance; pertinent; referring to the case in hand; N. relevance, relevancy

191

relic

surviving remnant (from an extinct culture); memento; keepsake; relics: corpse; Ex. ancient relics; Ex. relics of his travel; Ex. His relics are buried at X.

192

relinquish

give up something (with reluctance); yield; release; Ex. relinquish power/the claim to the land/his hold on my arm

193

relish

enjoy; savor; N: enjoyment; zest

194

remediable

reparable

195

reminiscence

recollection; V. reminisce: recollect the past

196

reminiscent

suggestive of something (in the past); of reminiscence

197

remiss

negligent; careless about a duty

198

remission

temporary moderation (of disease symptoms); remitting of a debt or punishment; cancelation of a debt; pardon; Ex. The disease went into remission; Ex. Christians pray for the remission of sins.

199

remit

transmit (money) in payment; free someone from a debt or punishment

200

remittance

remitting of money; amount of money remitted