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Flashcards in Book22 Deck (200):
1

staccato

played in an abrupt manner; marked by abrupt sharp sound; Ex. staccato applause

2

legato

(of music) played smoothly

3

stagnant

(of water) not flowing (often bad-smelling); motionless; stale; not developing; inactive; dull; Ex. stagnant industrial output

4

staid

serious and sedate; sober; Ex. staid during the funeral ceremony

5

stalemate

deadlock; situation in which further action is blocked

6

stalwart

physically strong; brawny; steadfast; strong in mind or determination; Ex. stalwart supporter; N: stalwart follower

7

stamina

power of endurance; strength; staying power

8

stanch

stop or check flow of blood; Ex. stanch the gushing wound

9

stanza

division of a poem (composed of two or more lines)

10

static

having no motion; unchanging; lacking development; N. stasis: stable state

11

statute

law enacted by the legislature

12

statutory

created by statute or legislative action; regulated by statute; Ex. statutory age limit

13

steadfast

steadily loyal; unswerving; steady

14

stealth

action of moving secretly or unseen; slyness; sneakiness; secretiveness; ADJ. stealthy

15

steep

soak; saturate; Ex. steep the fabric in the dye bath; ADJ: precipitous

16

stellar

pertaining to the stars; of a star performer; outstanding; Ex. stellar attraction of the entire performance

17

stem

stop or check (the flow of); Ex. stem the bleeding from the slashed artery; N: main axis of a plant; stalk

18

stem_from

arise from; originate from

19

stentorian

(of the voice) extremely loud; CF. Stentor: a loud herald in the Iliad

20

stereotype

one regarded as embodying a set image or type; fixed and unvarying representation; standardized mental picture often reflecting prejudice; Ex. stereotype of the happy slave; V: make a stereotype of; represent by a stereotype; Ex. It is wrong to stereotype people; Ex. stereotyped answer

21

stickler

perfectionist; person who insists things be exactly right

22

stifle

suppress; extinguish; inhibit; smother or suffocate

23

smother

kill from lack of air; suppress; cover thickly; Ex. smothered in little stickers

24

suffocate

die or kill from lack of air; suppress

25

stigma

token of disgrace; brand; V. stigmatize: mark with a stigma; characterize as disgraceful

26

stilted

bombastic; stiffly pompous; Ex. stilted rhetoric; CF. stiff: formal

27

stint

set limits in amount or number; be thrifty; ADJ. stinting, unstinting; CF. stint:savings

28

stint

supply; allotted amount of work; assigned portion of work; limitation; Ex. two-year stint in the army; Ex. without stint

29

stipend

pay for services

30

stipple

paint or draw with dots or short strokes

31

stipulate

state as a necessary condition (of an agreement); make express conditions; specify; Ex. He stipulated payment in advance

32

stock

standard; kept regularly in stock or supply; typical; routine; common; Ex. stock sizes of paper; Ex. stock excuse/character; N: goods for sale in a shop; OP. unique

33

stockade

wooden enclosure or pen; fixed line of posts used as defensive barrier

34

pen

fenced enclosure for animals; confining space; Ex. sheep pen; V: confine in a pen; enclose

35

stodgy

dull; stuffy; boringly conservative; Ex. stodgy book

36

stoic

stoical; impassive; unmoved by joy or grief; N. CF. stoicism

37

stoke

stir up a fire or furnace; feed plentifully

38

stolid

dull; impassive; showing little emotion when strong feelings are expected

39

stratagem

deceptive scheme; clever trick

40

stratified

divided into classes; arranged into strata; V. stratify

41

stratum

layer of earth's surface; layer of society; PL. strata

42

strew

spread randomly; sprinkle; scatter; Ex. flower girl strewing rose petals

43

striated

marked with parallel bands; striped; grooved; Ex. striated rocks; V. striate; N. stria: thin groove or line

44

stricture

severe and adverse criticism; critical comments; limit or restriction

45

strident

loud and harsh; insistent; N. stridency

46

stringent

(of rules) binding; rigid; marked by scarcity of money; Ex. stringent economic conditions

47

strut

pompous walk; V: walk in a self-important manner

48

strut

supporting bar; CF. airplane wing, building support

49

studied

carefully contrived; calculated; unspontaneous; deliberate; thoughtful; Ex. studied remark

50

stultify

make stupid in mind; cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; suppress; frustrate or hinder; Ex. stultifying effect of uninteresting work; Ex. stultify free expression

51

stupefy

stun; make numb (as with a drug); amaze

52

stupor

state of being stupefied; state of apathy; daze; lack of awareness

53

stun

make unconscious or numb as by a blow; amaze; astound

54

daze

stun as with a blow or shock; bemuse; benumb; N.

55

stygian

unpleasantly dark; gloomy; hellish; deathly; CF. Styx: the chief river in the subterranean land of the dead

56

stymie

thwart; present an obstacle; stump

57

stump

base of a tree trunk left after the rest has been cut down; V: walk in a heavy manner; baffle; puzzle

58

suavity

urbanity; polish; ADJ. suave: smooth and courteous

59

subaltern

subordinate

60

subdue

less intense; quieter; Ex. subdued lighting; Ex. subdue: conquer; make less intense; quiet; Ex. subdue one's anger

61

subjective

influenced by personal feelings; occurring or taking place within the mind; unreal; Ex. subjective sensation of the ghostly presence

62

subjugate

conquer; bring under control

63

sublimate

refine; purify; replace (natural urges) with socially acceptable activities; change between a solid state and a gaseous state

64

sublime

causing deep feelings of wonder, joy, respect, etc.; exalted; noble and uplifting; utter

65

subliminal

below the threshold of conscious perception; Ex. subliminal advertisement

66

submissive

willing to obey orders; yielding; timid

67

subordinate

occupying a lower rank; inferior; submissive; N. V: put in a lower rank or class

68

suborn

persuade to act unlawfully (especially to commit perjury); N. subornation

69

subpoena

writ(written command issued by a court) summoning a witness to appear in court; V: summon with a subpoena

70

subsequent

following in time or order; later

71

subservient

behaving like a slave; servile; obsequious; subordinate; N. subservience

72

subside

sink to a lower level; settle down; sink to the bottom (as a sediment); descend; grow quiet; become less; moderate; abate

73

subsidiary

serving to assist; subordinate; secondary; of a subsidy; N.

74

subsidy

direct financial aid by government, etc.; V. subsidize: assist with a subsidy

75

subsistence

existence; means of subsisting; means of support; livelihood; V. subsist: exist; maintain life (at a meager level)

76

substantial

of substance; material; solid; essential or fundamental; ample; considerable; well-to-do; wealthy

77

substantiate

support (a claim) with evidence; establish with evidence; verify

78

substantive

substantial; essential; pertaining to the substance; substantial; considerable; Ex. substantive issues

79

subsume

include (as a member of a group); encompass

80

subterfuge

stratagem(deceptive scheme); pretense; evasion; Ex. resort to a harmless subterfuge

81

subtlety

perceptiveness; ingenuity; delicacy; ADJ. subtle: delicate; so slight as to be difficult to detect; able to make fine distinctions; clever; Ex. subtle mind/differences in meaning

82

subversive

tending to overthrow or ruin; V. subvert: overthrow completely (an established system); destroy completely; CF. undermine ?

83

succor

assist (someone in difficulty); aid; comfort; N.

84

succulent

juicy; full of juice or sap; full of richness; N: succulent plant such as a cactus

85

succumb

yield (to something overwhelming); give in; die; Ex. succumb to the illness

86

suffragist

advocate of the extension of voting rights (for women); CF. suffrage

87

suffuse

spread through or over (with a color or liquid); charge; Ex. A blush suffused her cheeks.

88

sully

defile; soil; tarnish; Ex. sully one's hands in menial labor

89

tarnish

make or become dull or discolored; N.

90

sultry

(of weather) hot; sweltering; sensual; voluptuous

91

summation

act of finding the total; summing-up; summary (esp. one given by the judge at the end of a trial)

92

sumptuous

grand suggesting great expense; lavish; rich; Ex. sumptuous feast

93

sunder

separate; part; CF. asunder

94

sundry

miscellaneous; various; several; N. sundries: small miscellaneous items

95

superannuated

retired or disqualified because of age; outmoded; obsolete

96

supercilious

haughty; arrogant; condescending; patronizing; CF. eyebrow, cilium

97

supererogatory

superfluous; more than needed or demanded

98

superficial

of the surface; not deep; shallow; not thorough; trivial; Ex. superficial analysis/knowledge

99

superfluous

excessive; overabundant; unnecessary; N. superfluity

100

superimpose

place over something else

101

supernumerary

person or thing excess of what is necessary; extra; ADJ: additional to the usual or necessary number

102

supersede

replace; cause to be set aside; make obsolete; N. supersession

103

supine

lying on back; passive; inactive; Ex. The defeated pugilist lay supine; Ex. supine acceptance of the decision

104

supplant

take the place of unfairly; usurp; replace

105

supple

flexible; limber; pliant

106

suppliant

entreating; beseeching; N.

107

supplicate

petition humbly; pray to grant a favor

108

supplicant

one who supplicates; ADJ.

109

supposition

assumption; hypothesis; surmise; V. suppose

110

supposititious

assumed; counterfeit; hypothetical

111

suppress

put an end to forcibly; subdue; stifle; overwhelm; inhibit the expression of; check; prevent from being published or made public; Ex. suppress a smile; Ex. suppress the magazine/truth

112

surfeit

satiate; feed or supply to excess; stuff; indulge to excess in anything; N: surfeiting; excessive amount; Ex. surfeit of food

113

surly

bad-tempered; rude; cross

114

cross

bad-tempered; showing ill-humor; angry

115

surmise

guess; N.

116

surmount

overcome

117

surpass

exceed

118

surreptitious

done secretly; secret; furtive; sneaky; hidden

119

surrogate

substitute; person or thing used in place of another; Ex. surrogate mother; ADJ.

120

surveillance

close observation of a person (esp. one under suspicion); watching; guarding

121

susceptible

impressionable; easily influenced; sensitive; having little resistance as to a disease; likely to suffer; receptive to; capable of accepting; Ex. susceptible to persuasion/colds; Ex. The agreement is not susceptible of alteration; N. susceptibility

122

sustain

suffer (harm or loss); experience; support; prop; maintain; keep in existence; nourish (to maintain life); Ex. sustain the family/the trapped miners

123

sustenance

sustaining; means of livelihood, support, food, nourishment; something that maintains life; food

124

suture

stitches sewn to hold the cut edges of a wound or incision; material used in sewing; V: sew together a wound

125

swarthy

(of a skin or complexion) dark; dusky; Ex. swarthy Italian ?

126

swathe

swath; wrap around; bandage; Ex. one's head swathed in bandages

127

swelter

(of a person) suffer from oppressive heat; be oppressed by heat

128

swerve

deviate; turn aside sharply from a straight course; Ex. swerve from the principle; Ex. The car swerved to the right.

129

swill

drink greedily

130

swindler

cheater

131

sybarite

lover of luxury; person devoted to pleasure and luxury; CF. Sybaris: an ancient Greek city in Italy

132

sycophant

servile flatterer; bootlicker; yes man; ADJ. sycophantic

133

syllogism

logical formula consisting of a major premise, a minor premise and a conclusion; deceptive or specious argument

134

sylvan

pertaining to the woods or the country

135

symbiosis

interdependent relationship (between groups, species) often mutually beneficial; ADJ. symbiotic; CF. together + life

136

symmetry

arrangement of parts so that balance is obtained; congruity; ADJ. symmetrical

137

lopsided

heavier or larger on one side than the other; Ex. lopsided way of walking

138

synchronous

similarly timed; simultaneous with; occurring at the same time; V. synchronize

139

synoptic

providing a general overview; summary; N. synopsis

140

synthesis

combining parts or separate things into a whole; the whole so formed; PL. syntheses; V. synthesize

141

synthetic

not natural; artificial; resulting from synthesis; Ex. synthetic fiber; N.

142

tacit

understood (without actually being expressed); not put into words; Ex. tacit agreement

143

taciturn

habitually silent; talking little

144

tactile

pertaining to the organs or sense of touch

145

tact

skill or sensitivity in dealing with people without causing offence

146

taint

contaminate; cause to lose purity; modify with a trace of something bad; Ex. tainted reputation; N: stain; touch of decay or bad influence; CF. touch

147

talisman

charm; object believed to give supernatural powers to or protect its bearer

148

talon

claw of bird

149

tangential

only slightly connected; not central; peripheral; digressing; showing divergence; CF. tangent

150

tangible

able to be touched; real; concrete; palpable; possible to realize or understand; Ex. tangible proof

151

tanner

person who turns animal hides into leather

152

tan

convert (hide) into leather; make brown by exposure to the sun

153

tantalize

tease; excite by exposing something desirable while keeping it out of reach; torture with disappointment; CF. Tantalus: Greek mythological figure

154

tantamount

equivalent in effect or value; Ex. This invasion is tantamount to a declaration of war; CF. amount

155

tantrum

fit of bad temper; fit of petulance; caprice; Ex. The child went into tantrums.

156

taper

very thin candle; gradual decrease in the width of a long object; V. make or become gradually narrower toward one end

157

tarantula

venomous spider

158

tarry

linger; delay in starting or going; dawdle

159

taut

tight; strained; tense; ready; OP. slack

160

tautological

needlessly repetitious; Ex. ``It was visible to the eye''; N. tautology: needless repetition of the same sense; statement that is always true

161

tawdry

cheap and gaudy; Ex. tawdry jewelry

162

taxonomist

specialist in classifying (animals, etc.); CF. taxonomy: science of classification

163

tedium

boredom; weariness; ADJ. tedious

164

teetotalism

practice of abstaining totally from alcoholic drinks; N. teetotaler;; ADJ. teetotal; CF. T + total

165

temerity

boldness; nerve; rashness; Ex. temerity to ask for a pay increase after only three day's work

166

temper

moderate; make less severe; tone down or restrain; toughen (steel) as by alternate heating and cooling

167

temperament

characteristic frame of mind; disposition; emotional excess; ADJ. temperamental: of temperament; having frequent changes of temper; Ex. temperamental dislike of sports; Ex. temperamental actress

168

temperate

moderate; restrained; self-controlled; moderate in respect to temperature; CF. temperance: moderation and self-restraint; abstinence of alcoholic drinks; Ex. temperance society

169

tempestuous

stormy; violent; impassioned; N. tempest: violent storm

170

tempo

speed of music

171

temporal

of time; not lasting forever; limited by time; temporary; secular; worldly

172

temporize

gain time as by postponing an action; avoid committing oneself

173

tenacious

holding fast (as to a belief); persistent

174

tenacity

firmness; persistence

175

tendentious

promoting a particular point of view; biased; having an aim; designed to further a cause; Ex. tendentious rather than truth-seeking; CF. tend: move in a certain direction

176

tender

offer formally; extend; Ex. tender one's resignation/the exact fare; N: formal offer; money; Ex. legal tender; ADJ: young and vulnerable; sensitive to the touch; sore; soft; delicate; Ex. child of tender years; Ex. tender wound

177

tenet

doctrine; dogma

178

tensile

capable of being stretched; of tension; Ex. tensile rubber

179

tension

stretching; condition of being stretched; mental strain; strained relationship between groups or people

180

tentative

not fully worked out or developed; provisional; experimental; uncertain; hesitant; not definite or positive; Ex. tentative agreement/reply

181

tenuous

thin; slim; rare

182

tenure

holding of an office or real estate; time during which such an office is held

183

tepid

lukewarm; slightly warm; ¹ÌÁö±ÙÇÃ'; half-hearted; not eager; Ex. tepid reaction to the new film; Ex. tepid supporter

184

termination

end; V. terminate

185

terminology

terms used in a science or art; study of nomenclature

186

terminus

last stop of railroad; end

187

terminal

part that forms the end; railroad or bus station; ADJ. forming an end; ending in death; fatal; Ex. terminal cancer

188

terrestrial

on or relating to the earth

189

terse

concise; abrupt; pithy

190

tertiary

third in order or rank

191

tessellated

mosaic; inlaid; Ex. tessellated pattern

192

testator

maker of a will; CF. testatrix

193

testy

irritable; impatient and bad-tempered; short-tempered; N. testiness

194

tether

tie (an animal) with a rope or tether; N: rope or chain to which an animal is tied; limit of one's endurance; Ex. the end of one's tether

195

thematic

of a theme; relating to a unifying motif or idea

196

theocracy

government run by religious leaders

197

theoretical

based on theory; not practical or applied; hypothetical

198

therapeutic

curative; N. therapy

199

thermal

pertaining to heat; producing heat; warm; Ex. thermal bath; N: rising current of warm air

200

thespian

pertaining to drama; N: actor or actress