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Flashcards in Book5 Deck (200):
1

draft

first rough form; conscription; draught; V: make a draft of; conscript

2

draught

current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time

3

commemorative

remembering; honoring the memory of; Ex. commemorative stamp

4

commemorate

honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; Ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war

5

commensurate

equal in extent; of the same size

6

commiserate

feel or express pity or sympathy for

7

commodious

spacious and comfortable

8

communal

held in common; public; of a group of people; of a commune

9

commune

small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; V: exchange thoughts or feelings; Ex. commune with nature

10

compact

agreement; contract; ADJ: tightly packed; firm; brief; concise; Ex. compact statement

11

compatible

harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together

12

compelling

overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one's attention; that compels one to do something; Ex. a compelling adventure story; V. compel

13

compulsion

compelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulse

14

compulsory

obligatory; that must be done

15

compulsive

resulting from compulsion

16

compendium

brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious

17

compensatory

making up for; repaying

18

compilation

listing of information in tabular or book form; compiling

19

compile

assemble; gather; accumulate; make (a report or a book) from facts and information found in various places; Ex. compile a dictionary

20

complacency

self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent

21

smug

self-satisfied; complacent

22

complaisant

trying to please; obliging; willing to please others

23

complement

complete; consummate; make perfect; N.

24

complementary

serving to complete something

25

compliance

conformity in fulfilling requirements; readiness to yield; disposition to yield to others; V. comply

26

compliant

readily acting in accordance with a rule, order, or the wishes or others; yielding; comforming to requirements

27

complicity

participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)

28

component

element; ingredient

29

comport

bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment

30

deport

send out of the country; behave; N. deportation, deportment

31

bearing

deportment; connection

32

composure

mental calmness

33

compound

combine; produce by combining; increase; make worse by adding to or increasing; exacerbate; Ex. compound an error; ADJ: consisting of two or more parts; N: combination of two or more parts; area enclosed by a wall containing a group of buildings; Ex. factory compound; CF. complex

34

comprehensive

broad; including a lot or everything; thorough; inclusive

35

compress

force into less space; squeeze; contract; put into fewer words; N: thick mass of cloth pressed to part of the body to stop bleeding or swelling, reduce fever, etc.

36

comprise

include; consist of

37

compromise

adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; Ex. compromise one's principle; N.

38

compunction

remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt

39

compute

reckon; calculate

40

reckon

count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose

41

concatenate

link as in a chain

42

concave

hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex

43

concede

admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; Ex. concede a goal

44

conceit

vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one's own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry)

45

vain

full of self-admiration; conceited; without result; unsuccessful; N. vanity

46

concentric

having a common center

47

conception

beginning; forming of an idea; fertilization; V. conceive: form an idea in the mind; devise; become pregnant; CF. inception

48

concerted

mutually agreed on; done together by agreement; Ex. concerted effort; CF. in concert: working together

49

concession

an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; Ex. oil concessions in the North sea; CF. concessionaire

50

conciliatory

reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)

51

concise

brief and compact

52

conclave

private secret meeting

53

conclusive

decisive; ending all debate

54

concoct

prepare by mixing or combining; make up in concert; devise (something false) so as to deceive; Ex. concoct an elaborate excuse for being late; N. concoction

55

concomitant

that which accompanies; Ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else

56

concord

harmony; accord

57

concordat

formal agreement

58

concur

agree; coincide; happen at the same time

59

concurrent

happening at the same time; in agreement

60

condescend

(derog.) bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior

61

condign

adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved

62

condiments

seasonings; spices

63

condole

express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow

64

condone

overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse

65

conducive

helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards

66

conduit

aqueduct; passageway for fluids

67

confidant(confidante)

trusted friend (to whom one tells one's secret)

68

confide

tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about

69

confidence

self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one's abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. confidence in your ability; Ex. I'm telling you this in confidence; Ex. exchange confidences about their boyfriends; ADJ. confident

70

confidential

spoken or written in secret; trusted with private matters; Ex. confidential secretary

71

confine

shut in an enclosed space; restrict; keep within limits; N. confinement

72

confiscate

seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer

73

conflagration

great fire

74

confluence

flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together

75

conformity

harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; Ex. behave in conformity with; V. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule; CF. conformance

76

confound

confuse; puzzle

77

congeal

freeze; coagulate

78

congenial

pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather

79

congenital

existing at birth

80

conglomeration

mass of material sticking together

81

conglomerate

corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.

82

congruence

correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; CF. congruity

83

congruent

in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous

84

conifer

pine tree (usu. evergreen); cone-bearing tree; ADJ. coniferous; CF. deciduous; CF. evergreen

85

conjecture

surmise; guess; V.

86

conjugal

pertaining to marriage

87

conjure

cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.

88

connivance

pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire

89

connoisseur

person competent to act as a judge of art, etc. (whose judgments are respected); a lover of an art

90

connotation

suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote

91

connubial

pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state

92

matrimony

state of being married

93

patrimony

property inherited from a father

94

consanguinity

kinship; relationship by birth

95

consanguineous(consanguine)

having a common ancestor

96

conscientious

scrupulous; through and careful; Ex. conscientious worker

97

conscript

draftee; person forced into military service; V.

98

consecrate

dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one's life to helping the poor

99

consensus

general agreement; opinion reached by a group

100

consequential

self-important; significant; consequent; following as a result; Ex. consequential air; CF. subsequent

101

conservatory(conservatoire)

school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; CF. conservancy

102

consign

send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); N. consignment; CF. consignor, consignee

103

consistency

absence of contradictions; uniformity; degree of thickness or firmness; Ex. consistency of thick cream; CF. viscous

104

console

lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; N. consolation

105

consolidation

unification; process of becoming firmer or stronger; V. consolidate: merge; strengthen

106

consonance

harmony; agreement

107

consonant

harmonious; in agreement; N.

108

consort

associate with; keep company; N: husband or wife (or a ruler)

109

conspiracy

treacherous plot; secret plan against the law (by two or more people)

110

conspire

take part in a conspiracy; (of events) work together; combine; Ex. Events conspired to produce great difficulties.

111

consternation

great shock; dismay

112

constituent

supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component

113

constituency

voters represented by an elected official; district so represented; group of supporters (or constituents)

114

constitution

constituting; system of laws; composition of something; physical makeup or structure of a person; Ex. men with strong constitutions

115

constraint

restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison

116

construe

explain; interpret; Ex. construe her silence as meaning that she agreed; CF. misconstrue

117

consummate

complete; V.

118

contagion

infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air

119

drastic

strong; violent and severe; Ex. drastic changes/measures

120

contaminate

pollute

121

contempt

scorn; disdain; ADJ. contemptuous; CF. contemptible

122

contend

struggle; compete; assert earnestly; state strongly

123

contention

assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition

124

thesis

opinion put forward and supported by reasoned arguments

125

boost

lift by pushing up from below; increase; raise; N: push upward; increase

126

contentious

quarrelsome; controversial; likely to cause arguments

127

contest

dispute; argue about the rightness of; compete for; try to win; Ex. contest the election results; Ex. contest a seat in Parliament; N.

128

context

writings preceding and following the passage quoted; circumstance in which an event occurs

129

contiguous

adjacent to; touching upon

130

continence

self-restraint; sexual chastity; sexual abstinence; voluntary control over bladder and bowel functions; ADJ. continent

131

contingent

dependent on something uncertain or in the future; conditional; happening by chance; accidental; N: a group of soldiers, ships to a larger force; CF. contingency: future event that may or may not occur; possibility; Ex. prepare for every contingency

132

contortions

twistings; distortions; V. contort: twist violently out of shape; CF. contortionist

133

contraband

illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods; ADJ.

134

contravene

contradict; oppose; violate (a rule, law, or custom); N. contravention

135

contrite

penitent; repentant; N. contrition

136

contrived

unnatural and forced; artificial; not spontaneous; Ex. The ending was rather contrived.

137

contrive

invent or fabricate in a clever way (by improvisation); manage; Ex. contrive to attract his attention

138

contrivance

something contrived; machine or apparatus; clever deceitful plan; scheme

139

controvert

oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict; ADJ. controversial; N. controversy

140

contumacious

stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)

141

contusion

bruise

142

bruise

injure without breaking the skin; N.

143

conundrum

riddle; difficult problem

144

convene

come together; assemble; call to meet; Ex. convene the council

145

convention

social or moral custom; established practice; formal meeting; international agreement

146

conventional

ordinary; typical; not nuclear; Ex. conventional weapons

147

converge

approach; tend to meet; come together

148

conversant

familiar with; having knowledge of

149

converse

opposite; ADJ.

150

convert

one who has adopted a different religion or opinion; V: change into another form; (persuade to) adopt a particular religion or belief

151

convex

curving outward

152

conveyance

vehicle; transfer; act of conveying; Ex. public conveyance

153

conviction

judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief

154

convivial

pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial

155

convoke

call together; Ex. convoke Parliament; N. convocation

156

convoluted

coiled around; twisted; involved; complicated; intricate; complex; N. convolution: twist; one of the convex folds of the surface of the brain

157

convulsion

violent uncontrollable shaking movement (caused by illness); V. convulse; ADJ. convulsive

158

copious

plentiful

159

coquette

flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V.

160

flirt

behave in a way that attracts (sexual) attention; deal triflingly with; N: one (or woman) given to flirting; ADJ. flirtatious

161

cordial

warmly friendly; gracious; heartfelt; Ex. cordial welcome

162

cordon

extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress;

163

cornice

projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars)

164

cornucopia

horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty

165

corollary

natural consequence (which naturally follows from something else)

166

corporeal

bodily (rather than spiritual); of a bodily form; material; tangible

167

corpulent

very fat; N. corpulence

168

corpus

collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse

169

corpuscle

red or white cell in the blood

170

correlation

mutual relationship

171

correlate

either of the correlated things; V.

172

corroborate

confirm; support; strengthen

173

corrode

destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)

174

corrosive

eating away by chemicals or disease; (of language) fierce

175

corrugated

wrinkled; ridged

176

wrinkle

small ridge on a smooth surface (face or cloth); V.

177

crinkle

wrinkle

178

cosmic

pertaining to the universe; vast

179

coterie

group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests

180

countenance

approve; support; tolerate; Ex. countenance his rude behavior; N: face; appearance

181

countermand

cancel; revoke (an order)

182

counterpart

thing that completes another; things very much alike; thing that has the same purpose in a different system

183

coup

highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d'\'etat; CF. coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills

184

couple

join; unite; OP. uncouple

185

courier

messenger

186

covenant

binding agreement between two groups or people; compact; V: enter into a covenant; promise

187

bargain

agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. bargaining power

188

covert

secret; hidden; implied; OP. overt

189

covetous

avaricious; desirous of (someone else's possessions); V. covet: desire eagerly (someone else's possessions)

190

cow

terrorize; intimidate

191

cower

shrink quivering as from fear; cringe

192

coy

shy (flirtatiously); showing a (pretended) lack of self-confidence; modest; coquettish; CF. job offer

193

cozen

cheat; hoodwink; swindle

194

crabbed

sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting

195

peevish

bad-tempered; irritable; V. peeve: make angry

196

crass

very unrefined; grossly insensible; crude and undiscriminating; Ex. crass behavior

197

craven

cowardly

198

credence

belief

199

credo

creed

200

credulity

belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivet\'e; ADJ. credulous